A Novel Gold Nanorods Coated by Stimuli-Responsive ABC Triblock Copolymer for Chemotherapy of Solid Tumors

Publication date: Available online 21 March 2019Source: European Polymer JournalAuthor(s): Aliyeh Ghamkhari, Farideh Mahmoodzadeh, Marjan Ghorbani, Hamed HamishehkarAbstractGold nanoparticles have been used for centuries in medicine for clinical procedures. In this context, gold nanorods are considered as very promising in cancer therapy. For this purpose, gold nanorods (GNRs) coated by stimuli-responsive thiol-end capped ABC triblock copolymer [poly (metacrylic acid)-block-poly (N-isopropylacrylamide)-block-poly (N,N-dimethylaminoethyl methacrylate)-SH; P(MAAc-b-NiPAAM-b-DMAEMA)-SH] for intracellular delivery of doxorubicin (DOX). The chemical structures of triblock copolymer were explored by means of Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR), 1HNMR spectroscopies and gel permeation chromatography (GPC). The success of coating gold nanorods with triblock copolymer was confirmed by means of ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) measurement. Then, the doxorubicin (DOX)-loading capacity and dual sensitivity drug release ability of the nanocariers (GNRs@triblock copolymer-DOX) were also assessed. The biocompatibility of the prepared nanomaterials was confirmed through the evaluating survival rate of breast cancer cell line (MCF7) using MTT assay. Finally, cellular uptake study and DAPI staining analysis confirmed that nanocarrier successfully improved drugs...
Source: European Polymer Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research

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This study highlights how the use of in vitro 3D model can allow rapid screening and selection of new and safer drugs. Introduction Angiogenesis is a complex and finely regulated process that consists of the growth of new capillary blood vessels from pre-existing vessels to create communication pathways among tissues. The coordination of different activities such as endothelial cell proliferation and migration, metalloproteinase function, integrin expression and pericyte stabilization is essential for angiogenesis (Folkman, 1984). The “angiogenic switch” is “on” when the balance between pro-...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 April 2019Source: European Polymer JournalAuthor(s): Julio César Cuggino, Gerardo Gatti, Matías Luis Picchio, Mariana Maccioni, Luis Marcelino Gugliotta, Cecilia Inés Alvarez IgarzabalAbstractNanocarriers can significantly improve the therapeutic index of drug in cancer therapy. At present, parenteral administration of free doxorubicin (Dox) to treat breast tumor produces severe side effects including cardiotoxicity. This work reports the preparation of N-isopropyacrylamide/acrylic acid nanogels (NGs), NIPA/AAc NGs, crosslinked by a disulfide-bearing monomer, which...
Source: European Polymer Journal - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Chan Feng1, Donglei Zhu1, Lv Chen1, Yonglin Lu1, Jie Liu1, Na Yoon Kim2, Shujing Liang1, Xia Zhang1, Yun Lin1, Yabin Ma3* and Chunyan Dong1* 1Cancer Center, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China 2Department of Chemical Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, United States 3Pharmacy Department, Shanghai East Hospital, Tongji University, Shanghai, China The off-target activation of photosensitizers is one of the most well-known obstacles to effective photodynamic therapy (PDT). The selected activation of photosensitizers in cancer cells is highly desired to overcome this problem. We...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
in N, Serrano I, Midwinter W, Wilk A, Bardaji A, Ingold N, Buchan R, Tayal U, Pascual-Figal DA, de Marvao A, Ahmad M, Garcia-Pinilla JM, Pantazis A, Dominguez F, Baksi AJ, O'Regan DP, Rosen SD, Prasad SK, Lara-Pezzi E, Provencio M, Lyon AR, Alonso-Pulpon L, Cook SA, DePalma SR, Barton PJR, Aplenc R, Seidman JG, Ky B, Ware JS, Seidman CE Abstract BACKGROUND: Cancer therapy-induced cardiomyopathy (CCM) is associated with cumulative drug exposures and pre-existing cardiovascular disorders. These parameters incompletely account for substantial inter-individual susceptibility to CCM. We hypothesized that rare variants ...
Source: Circulation - Category: Cardiology Authors: Tags: Circulation Source Type: research
In this study, T cells deficient in TRAF6 display enhanced T cell activation, CD28-indpendent stimulation and resistance to Treg cell-mediated suppression (176). Although TLR signaling can promote T cell resistance to Treg cells, the precise molecular mechanism remains yet to be elucidated. It is worth noting that TLR stimulation of T cells increases cytokine production (173, 177), thus future studies should delineate the effect of TLR-MyD88 signaling vs. subsequently induced cytokines in generating resistance to Treg cells. Lastly, it is also crucial to evaluate the effect of TLR signaling on regulatory T cells which also...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions In the new era of targeted therapy, treatment options are increasingly based on the precise molecular and genetic profiling of tumor cells (58). Currently, the main challenge for further novel drug development in targeted therapy is the clarification of specific molecular mechanisms underlying the varied forms of tumors in clinic. It has been acknowledged that cancer is caused by a set of driver mutations. In this regard, it is of great significance to: (1) identify and validate key mutant genes and proteins in cancers as new targets; (2) identify patients most likely and unlikely to benefit from certain targe...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study was supported by the Shanghai Sailing Program [grant number 17YF1425200, 2017]; Chinese National Natural Science Funding [grant number 81702249, 2017]; Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality [grant number 17511103403, 2017]; The funder has no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Acknowledgments We acknowledge the ex...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Discussion Suppressor of cytokine signaling 1 is an essential molecule for maintaining immune homeostasis and subverting inflammation. Disorders arising from excess inflammation or SOCS1 deficiency can be potentially treated with SOCS1 mimetics (Ahmed et al., 2015). While SOCS1 has promising potential in many disorders, it should be noted that new targets and actions of SOCS1 are still being discovered and not all the effects of this protein are beneficial in autoimmune diseases and cancer. For instance, SOCS1 degrades IRS1 and IRS2, required for insulin signaling, via the SOCS Box domain, thus, limiting its potential in ...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Personalized Dendritic Cell Vaccines—Recent Breakthroughs and Encouraging Clinical Results Beatris Mastelic-Gavillet, Klara Balint, Caroline Boudousquie, Philippe O. Gannon and Lana E. Kandalaft* Department of Oncology, Center for Experimental Therapeutics, Ludwig Center for Cancer Research, University of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland With the advent of combined immunotherapies, personalized dendritic cell (DC)-based vaccination could integrate the current standard of care for the treatment of a large variety of tumors. Due to their proficiency at antigen presentation, DC are key coordinators of the innate...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Conclusions The current review reports recent epidemiological and experimental data supporting the bright future of dietary polyphenols as chemopreventive, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and anticancer agents in CRC (Figure 1). The polyphenol-rich diet not only may represent a chemopreventive treatment but also has important function on immune system by promoting symbiont and commensal bacterial populations, increases reciprocal interaction between host and microbiota which in turn have important effects on immune function Evidence underlines the use of polyphenols as sensitizers of chemo/radiotherapies paving the w...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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