Catheter-directed thrombolysis versus suction thrombectomy in the management of acute pulmonary embolism

ConclusionsCDT seems to have similar outcomes with ST in the management of acute PE, although larger, more homogenous data are needed. In our experience, ST should be viewed as a complementary alternative for patients with contraindication for thrombolytics or severely compromised hemodynamic profile and can yield good outcomes in an otherwise highly morbid population.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research

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Abstract Vascular occlusion is one of the major causes of mortality and morbidity. Blood vessel blockage can lead to thrombotic complications such as myocardial infarction, stroke, deep venous thrombosis, peripheral occlusive disease, and pulmonary embolism. Thrombolytic therapy currently aims to rectify this through the administration of recombinant tissue plasminogen activator. Research is underway to design an ideal thrombolytic drug with the lowest risk. Despite the potent clot lysis achievable using approved thrombolytic drugs such as alteplase, reteplase, streptokinase, tenecteplase, and some other fibrinoly...
Source: Molecular Biology Reports - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Mol Biol Rep Source Type: research
ConclusionsThe study is designed to identify a TxA dose with maximal efficacy and minimal complications. We hypothesize that the high dose has superior efficacy and non-inferior safety to the low dose.
Source: American Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Authors: Gumprecht J, Domek M, Lip GY Abstract Introduction: The non-vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants (NOACs) are changing the landscape for stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation (AF) and prevention or treatment of venous thromboembolism (VTE). In patients with AF and concomitant acute coronary syndrome (ACS), the treatment regimen of combined NOACs and P2Y12 inhibitors is gaining popularity. Areas covered: The authors conducted a review of studies published in the last 10 years regarding safety evaluation and effectiveness of apixaban for the treatment of AF and ACS, both alone and in combination with d...
Source: Expert Opinion on Drug Safety - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Drug Saf Source Type: research
High specificity, easy reversibility, and a half-life on the order of weeks; these are all major advantages that gene therapy has over traditional anticoagulants, add to that a strategy that weakens clots rather than preventing clotting altogether and prophylaxis of thrombosis may become much safer. Currently, anticoagulant drugs are used as a preventative measure for people susceptible to developing disease causing thrombi (which manifest as heart attacks, strokes, and pulmonary embolism), but they require frequent administration and their strict inhibition of clotting increases the risk of uncontrolled bleeding.
Source: Thrombosis Research - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Abstract Anticoagulation therapy is recommended for preventing, treating, and reducing the recurrence of venous thromboembolism, and preventing stroke in persons with atrial fibrillation. Direct oral anticoagulants are first-line agents for eligible patients for treating venous thromboembolism and preventing stroke in those with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. Vitamin K antagonists are recommended for patients with mechanical valves and valvular atrial fibrillation. Vitamin K antagonists inhibit the production of vitamin K-related factors and require a minimum of five days overlap with parenteral anticoagulants, ...
Source: American Family Physician - Category: Primary Care Authors: Tags: Am Fam Physician Source Type: research
ConclusionsDouble bolus reteplase given with heparin is effective in the treatment of high, intermediate risk pulmonary embolism with minimal risk of bleeding.
Source: Indian Heart Journal - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis is the first report of a new drospirenone only oral contraceptive providing clinical efficacy like combined oral contraceptives, with a good safety profile, and favourable cycle control.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Source: Acta Obstetricia et Gynecologica Scandinavica - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Original Research Article Source Type: research
Anticoagulant therapy is the most effective strategy to prevent arterial and venous thromboembolism, but treating older individuals is challenging, because increasing age, comorbidities, and polypharmacy increase the risk of both thrombosis and bleeding. Warfarin and non–vitamin K antagonist oral anticoagulants are underused and often underdosed in the prevention of stroke in older patients with atrial fibrillation because of concerns about the risk of bleeding. Poor adherence to anticoagulant therapy is also an issue for older patients with atrial fibrillation and those at risk of recurrent pulmonary embolism. In th...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: How I Treat, Free Research Articles, Thrombosis and Hemostasis Source Type: research
Conclusion: Our findings describe the most reported risk factors for preventability of oral anticoagulant-induced bleedings. These factors may be useful for targeting interventions to improve pharmacovigilance activities in our regional territory and to reduce the burden of medication errors and inappropriate prescription. Introduction Oral anticoagulant therapy is widely used for the prevention of stroke and systemic embolism in patients with atrial fibrillation, or for the prevention and treatment of deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism (Raj et al., 1994; Monaco et al., 2017). Oral anticoagulants can be di...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Pulmonary arteriovenous fistula (PAVF), a vessel malformation connecting the pulmonary circulation to the systemic circulation while bypassing the pulmonary capillaries, can cause paradoxical cerebral infarction. It is often associated with hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia (HHT), a genetic disease characterized by multiple dermal, mucosal, and visceral telangiectasia causing recurrent bleeding. Paradoxical cerebral embolism caused by PAVF without HHT is rare. Here, we report a patient with isolated PAVF who experienced an ischemic stroke caused by a paradoxical embolism from deep venous thrombosis; the patient was suc...
Source: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
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