Features of Childhood Arterial Ischemic Stroke in China.

CONCLUSION: Infection was an important risk factor for children with AIS in China. Infection and thrombophilia risk factors were more likely to occur in isolation. The stroke lesions commonly occurred in the basal ganglia region. PMID: 30890011 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Fetal and Pediatric Pathology - Category: Pathology Tags: Fetal Pediatr Pathol Source Type: research

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Emilio Rodríguez-Castro1,2, Manuel Rodríguez-Yáñez1,2, Susana Arias1,2, María Santamaría1,2, Iria López-Dequidt1,2, Ignacio López-Loureiro1, Manuel Rodríguez-Pérez1, Pablo Hervella1, Tomás Sobrino1, Francisco Campos1, José Castillo1* and Ramón Iglesias-Rey1* 1Clinical Neurosciences Research Laboratory, Department of Neurology, Clinical University Hospital, Health Research Institute of Santiago de Compostela (IDIS), Santiago de Compostela, Spain2Stroke Unit, Department of Neurology, Hospital Clínico Universitario, Santiago...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Johannes Schurig1,2*, Karl Georg Haeusler1,2,3, Ulrike Grittner4,5, Christian H. Nolte1,2, Jochen B. Fiebach1,2, Heinrich J. Audebert1,2, Matthias Endres1,2,5,6 and Andrea Rocco1,2 1Center for Stroke Research Berlin, Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 2Department of Neurology, Charité–Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 3Department of Neurology, Universitätsklinikum Würzburg, Würzburg, Germany 4Insitute of Biometry and Clinical Epidemiology, Charité – Universitätsmedizin Berlin, Berlin, Germany 5Berlin Institute of Heal...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Post-stroke BBB disruption appears to be predictive of functional outcome irrespective of stroke size.Cerebrovasc Dis
Source: Cerebrovascular Diseases - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusion: In ischemic stroke or TIA patients with platelet count within normal range, platelet count may be a qualified predictor for long-term recurrent stroke, mortality, and poor functional outcome. Introduction Platelets exert a critical role in the pathogenesis of atherosclerotic complications of cardio-cerebrovascular disease, contributing to thrombus formation, and embolism (1, 2). Previous literature reported that platelets of various size and density are produced by megakaryocytes of different size and stages of maturation in different clinical conditions, suggesting various platelet patterns in differen...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Alexia without agraphia is an interesting and distinctive visual disconnection syndrome that results from damage to the dominant left occipital lobe and splenium of the corpus callosum. Although the patient can see individual letters (from the intact right occipital cortex), the damage to the corpus callosum results in disconnection of the transmission of information from the intact right occipital lobe to the intact left angular gyrus. This disconnection produces the symptom of alexia without agraphia. In the acute setting, posterior cerebral artery infarct is the most common cause. Prompt recognition of this unique strok...
Source: Survey of Ophthalmology - Category: Opthalmology Authors: Tags: Clinical challenges Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 1 April 2019Source: Neurochemistry InternationalAuthor(s): Tomohiko Ozaki, Hajime Nakamura, Haruhiko KishimaAbstractStroke is one of the leading causes of death and disability globally. Although thrombolytic therapy by t-PA and mechanical thrombectomy have improved outcomes of ischemic stroke patients, both of these approaches are applicable to limited numbers of patients owing to their time constraints. Therefore, development of other treatment approaches such as developing neuroprotective drugs and nerve regeneration therapy is required to overcome ischemic stroke. The concept of the ne...
Source: Neurochemistry International - Category: Neuroscience Source Type: research
The frequency of stroke mimics among stroke patients has been reported to be up to 30%, and that in patients who receive thrombolytic therapy ranges between 1% and 16%. Atlantoaxial dislocation with myelopathy mimicking stroke is extremely rare. An 83-year-old man with a history of old cerebellar infarction presented to the emergency department with acute left hemiplegia after a chiropractic manipulation of the neck and back several hours before symptom onset. Mild hypoesthesia was observed on his left limbs.
Source: The American Journal of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Thrombolytic therapy is sometimes accompanied by harmful hemorrhagic insults; accordingly, a window of time wherein therapy can safely be performed has been established for this approach. Several basic and clinical studies are ongoing to develop next-generation thrombolytic drugs to expand the time window. PMID: 30892155 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Current Pharmaceutical Design - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Curr Pharm Des Source Type: research
Authors: Siniscalchi A, De Sarro G, Pacifici R, Pisani E, Sanguigni S, Gallelli L Abstract Alteplase is the main pharmacological treatment available for intravenous thrombolysis in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Endovascular treatment alone or add-on to intravenous thrombolysis is a valid approach in acute ischemic stroke with cerebral large vessel disease. The most common serious adverse reaction related to alteplase is the development of spontaneous intracerebral hemorrhage and the presence of cerebral small vessel disease may increase this risk, particularly in cocaine users, even if only few data have bee...
Source: Psychopharmacology Bulletin - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Tags: Psychopharmacol Bull Source Type: research
Abstract Ischemic stroke is one of the leading causes of severe disability and death. In clinical settings, tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) for thrombolytic therapy is the only globally approved drug for the treatment of ischemic stroke. However, the proportion of patients who receive t-PA therapy is extremely limited due to its narrow therapeutic time window (TTW) and the risk of cerebral hemorrhage. Cerebral ischemia-reperfusion (I/R) injury is also a serious problem for patients' outcomes. Hence, the development of more effective therapies has been desired to prolong the TTW of t-PA and prevent cerebral I/R...
Source: Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Biol Pharm Bull Source Type: research
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