Thiamine Substitution in Alcohol Use Disorder: A Narrative Review of Medical Guidelines

Conclusion: Substitution of parenteral thiamine in individuals with suspected WE is a well-established treatment regimen. However, suggestions according to guidelines vary widely. Furthermore, hardly any evidence-based recommendations exist on a more general use of thiamine as a preventative intervention in individuals with AUD. Further research is of utmost importance to raise awareness for this potentially undervalued problem.Eur Addict Res 2019;25:103 –110
Source: European Addiction Research - Category: Addiction Source Type: research

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An efficient surface engineering strategy is proposed to significantly promote the electric conductivity, Zn ion diffusion rate, and cycling stability of MoO3 cathode for Zn ‐ion batteries. With the synergetic effect of Al2O3 coating and phosphating process, a fiber ‐shaped Zn‐ion battery based on modified MoO3 cathode presents favorable flexibility, admirable capacity, and superior rate performance. AbstractAqueous Zn ‐ion batteries (ZIBs) have garnered the researchers' spotlight owing to its high safety, cost effectiveness, and high theoretical capacity of Zn anode. However, the availability of cathode materials ...
Source: Small - Category: Nanotechnology Authors: Tags: Full Paper Source Type: research
This study was conducted to evaluate the internet addiction and fear of missing out (FoMO) among nursing students.Design and MethodsThis descriptive study was conducted with 511 nursing students who consent to participate.ResultsIt was found that 3.8% (14 students) of the students participating in the research were “pathological internet users.” There was a positive correlation between internet addiction and FoMO (r = .332;P = .000).Practice ImplicationsThe finding that addiction increases with the increase in the use of social media show us that the excessive use of social media is ...
Source: Perspectives in Psychiatric Care - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and BehaviorAuthor(s): Jeffrey W. Grimm, Frances SauterAbstractEnvironmental enrichment (EE) for rodents is generally defined as providing subjects with an environment enhanced with access to conspecifics, novel and tactile stimuli, and in many preparations, more space. EE exposure, in particular as an “intervention” in adult rodents, decreases food and drug seeking and taking. This review focuses on the reduction of sucrose seeking and taking in rats assessed in operant-based procedures. The operant-based model provides a mean...
Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Polymer Degradation and StabilityAuthor(s): Marziyeh Ranjbar Mohammadi, Saeid Kargozar, S.H. Bahrami, Shahram RabbaniAbstractIn this research, the scaffolds from gum tragacanth (GT), poly (Ɛ-caprolactone) (PCL) and poly (vinyl alcohol) (PVA), were fabricated by electrospinning method for use in the healing of diabetic ulcers. At first, three different compositions from PCL-GT-PVA with blend ratios of (2:1:0.5), (2:1:0.8) and (2:1:1.5) were fabricated and the formulation 2:1:0.8 was selected as proper one. Then, the effect of changing GT concentration on the morpho...
Source: Polymer Degradation and Stability - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
Authors: DENTAL SUPPLEMENT, Campanella V, Gallusi G, Di Taranto V, Cugini C, Nardi R, Mea A, Marzo G, Libonati A Abstract The aim of this study is to evaluate the micro hardness Vickers of a composite micro hybrid polymerized under constant pressure. Twelve experimental samples were made equally divided into two groups: an experimental group and a control. Enamel plus HRi (Micerium) microbiotic composite resin, UD3 colour, was inserted into a syringe heater (ENA HEAT Composite Heating Conditioner) so that the material could be brought to a temperature of 39°C. A defined amount of composite resin is taken from t...
Source: Journal of Biological Regulators and Homeostatic Agents - Category: Biomedical Science Tags: J Biol Regul Homeost Agents Source Type: research
This study describes the surgical technique used to convert synthetic cartilage implant hemiarthroplasty of the first metatarsophalangeal joint to arthrodesis and the 3 cases that underwent revision at a single center in the United Kingdom.
Source: Techniques in Foot and Ankle Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Techniques Source Type: research
In this study, we designed a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to test the feasibility and efficacy of the PPI in improving mental health status of PWUD attending methadone maintenance treatment (MMT). A total of 140 MMT users were randomly allocated into the intervention group (n = 70) which carried on the intervention (documenting “Three Good Things” every day for 2 weeks) and the control group (n = 70) which received booklets about mental health. Baseline, 2-week, 1-month, and 3-month follow-up interviews were conducted. Generalized estimating equations for repeated measureme...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
This study demonstrates that machine-learning can efficiently predict some vitamin deficiencies in patients with active psychiatric symptoms, based on the largest cohort to date with intense psychiatric episode. The prediction method may expedite risk stratification and clinical decision-making regarding whether replacement therapy should be prescribed. Further research includes validating its external generalizability in other clinical situations and clarify whether interventions based on this method could improve patient care and cost-effectiveness.
Source: Frontiers in Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Source: BMJ News - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Publication date: 15 June 2020Source: Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, Volume 112Author(s): Francesca Rita Pomilla, Farnaz Fazlali, Elisa I. García-López, Giuseppe Marcì, Ali Reza Mahjoub, Igor Kritsov, Leonarda F. Liotta, Leonardo PalmisanoAbstractThe Keggin heteropolyacid (HPA), H3PW12O40 (PW12) has been supported on commercial boron nitride (BN) and two types of home prepared carbon nitride (C3N4). The supported PW12 was used in the gas-solid (photo)catalytic 2-propanol dehydration reaction to give propene at atmospheric pressure and temperatures in the range 70–120 °C a...
Source: Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing - Category: Materials Science Source Type: research
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