Increased Trypanosoma spp. richness and prevalence of haemoparasite co-infection following translocation

Understanding how fauna translocation and antiparasitic drug treatment impact parasite community structure within a host is vital for optimising translocation outcomes. Trypanosoma spp. and piroplasms (Babesia an...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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Authors: Choi YJ, Görg M, Shin HD, Thines M Abstract Over the past 15 years, downy mildew became the most destructive foliar disease in cultivated Impatiens species (Balsaminaceae) worldwide. A previous study had revealed that the causal agent was not Plasmopara obducens (Oomycota, Peronosporales) but Plasmopara destructor on Impatiens walleriana, and Plasmopara velutina on Impatiens balsamina. This hints to a relatively high degree of specialization of Plasmopara on Balsaminaceae. Therefore, it was the aim of the present study to perform multigene phylogenetic analysis and detailed morphological investigation...
Source: Mycobiology - Category: Biology Tags: Mycobiology Source Type: research
Abstract Vaccination was developed by Edward Jenner in 1796. Since then, vaccination and vaccine development research has been a hotspot of research in the scientific community. Various ways of vaccine development are successfully employed in mass production of vaccines. One of the most successful ways to generate vaccines is the method of virulence attenuation in pathogens. The attenuated strains of viruses, bacteria, and parasites are used as vaccines which elicit robust immune response and confers protection against virulent pathogens. This chapter brings together the most common and efficient ways of generatin...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Methods Mol Biol Source Type: research
Monosomy 1p36 syndrome is one of the most common submicroscopic deletion syndromes, which is characterized by the presence of delayed developmental milestones, intellectual disability, and clinically recognizable dysmorphic craniofacial features. The syndrome comprises 4 cytogenetic groups including pure terminal deletions, interstitial deletions, complex rearrangements, and derivative chromosomes 1 due to unbalanced translocations, where unbalanced translocations represent the least percentage of all cases of monosomy 1p36 (7%). Most patients with monosomy 1p36 due to an unbalanced translocation can be cytogenetically dia...
Source: Molecular Syndromology - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Liver fluke proteins, including excretory-secretory products (ESPs) and tegument proteins, are critical for the pathogenesis, nutrient metabolism, etiology and immune response of liver cancer. To understand the functions of various proteins in Clonorchis sinensis physiology and human clonorchiasis, the ESPs and tegument proteins of C. sinensis were identified. Supernatants containing ESPs from adult C. sinensis after culture for 6 h were harvested and concentrated. The tegument was detached using a freeze/thaw method and successively extracted using various extraction buffers. The outer surface proteins of C. sinensis were...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Schistosomiasis, caused by Schistosoma mansoni trematode worm, affects more than 1.5 million people in Brazil. The current treatment consists in the administration of Praziquantel, the only medicine used for treatment for more than 40 years. Some of the limitations of this drug consist in its inactivity against schistosomula and parasite eggs, the appearance of resistant strains and non-prevention against reinfection. Thus, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of immunization with recombinant functional enzymes of the purine salvage pathway of S. mansoni, Nucleoside Diphosphate Kinase (NDPK) and Adenylosu...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Sensors, Vol. 20, Pages 5454: Standing Wave Binding of Hemispherical Resonator Containing First–Third Harmonics of Mass Imperfection under Linear Vibration Excitation Sensors doi: 10.3390/s20195454 Authors: Yan Huo Shunqing Ren Zhennan Wei Guoxing Yi Due to complicated processing technology, the mass distribution of a hemispherical resonator made of fused silica is not uniform, which can affect the azimuth of the standing wave of a resonator under the linear vibration excitation. Therefore, the analysis of standing wave evolution of a resonator with mass imperfection under linear vibration excitation is...
Source: Sensors - Category: Biotechnology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study revealed a high prevalence of rectal CPE colonization in high-risk patients from ICU and HSCT wards, and a predominant colonization of the KPC-producingK. pneumoniae clone ST11. Stricter infection control measures are urgently needed to limit the dissemination of CPE strains, especially in patients who were afflicted by urinary system diseases, have underwent bronchoscopy, and were previously exposed to combined antibiotic use.
Source: Antimicrobial Resistance and Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
We report the case of a patient with abdominal pain, ascites and marked eosinophilia. The diagnostic investigation excluded frequent causes of eosinophilia. The diagnosis of strongyloidiasis was confirmed by immunoenzymatic positivity of the antibody to Strongyloides stercoralis. Since the patient lived in a region where several cases of strongyloidiasis were diagnosed in the past, and given the absence of previous trips abroad, this is the first case identified in recent decades of autochthonous strongyloidiasis in Portugal. The authors point out the possibility of chronic infection acquired in regions previously consider...
Source: Acta Medica Portuguesa - Category: General Medicine Tags: Acta Med Port Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 25 April 2019Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Rae Marvin Smith, Raksha Vasantrai Bhoora, Antoinette Kotze, J. Paul Grobler, Desire Lee DaltonAbstractTranslocation of animals in fragmented habitats is an important means of dispersal and gene flow, however, the movement of animals has led to the spread of various diseases globally and wildlife are often the reservoirs of these diseases. Currently, Cape mountain zebra are translocated within South Africa as a management method for augmentation of isolated and fragmented populations. The movemen...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Summary Apicomplexans are a diverse group of obligate parasites occupying different intracellular niches that require modification to meet the needs of the parasite. To efficiently manipulate their environment, apicomplexans translocate numerous parasite proteins into the host cell. Whereas some parasites remain contained within a parasitophorous vacuole membrane (PVM) throughout their developmental cycle, others do not, a difference that affects the machinery needed for protein export. A signal‐mediated pathway for protein export into the host cell has been characterized in Plasmodium parasites, which maintain the PVM. ...
Source: Cellular Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Article Source Type: research
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