Associations of Pre-Pregnancy Body Mass Index, Middle-Upper Arm Circumference, and Gestational Weight Gain

ConclusionOur findings revealed that women with low MUAC were more likely to have an inadequate gestational weight gain rate during pregnancy whereas higher MUAC was associated with an excessive gestational weight gain rate. MUAC may be a useful indicator of nutritional status associated with GWG. Routine measurement of MUAC in pregnant women may help health professionals, particularly in middle-income countries, to counsel women about gestational weight gain.
Source: Sexual and Reproductive Healthcare - Category: Reproduction Medicine Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: Pregnancy HypertensionAuthor(s): Lucia Maria Procopciuc, Georgiana Nemeti, Elena Buzdugan, Mihaela Iancu, Florin Stamatian, Gabriela CaracosteaAbstractBackgroundChanges in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system’s (RAAS) activity due to different genetic variations could represent risk factors for the onset of preeclampsia.ObjectiveTo test and quantify the relationships of 8 RAAS gene polymorphisms (angiotensinogen (AGT)-M235T, AGT-T174M, angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE)-I/D, ACE8- A2350G, angiotensin II type 1 receptor (AGTR1)-A1166C, angiotensin II type 2...
Source: Pregnancy Hypertension: An International Journal of Womens Cardiovascular Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
In this study, we assessed the effects of pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI) and gestational weight gain (GWG) on the pregnancy outcomes of women of advanced age using a back-propagation (BP) artificial neural network. We conducted a retrospective analysis on postpartum and hospital delivery data from 1,015 women of advanced maternal age (AMA) hospitalized at the Fujian Provincial Maternity and Children's Hospital from January to June, 2017. Pre-pregnancy overweight was found to increase the incidence of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM), hypertensive disorders complicating pregnancy (HDCP) and fetal macrosomia. In addi...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announcement of a public meeting of the Community Preventive Services Task Force (CPSTF) to be held on October 16-17, 2019. The CPSTF is charged with identifying community preventive programs, services, and policies that increase healthy longevity and improve quality of life, while saving money. Topics for consideration at the meeting include obesity prevention and control, cancer prevention and control, tobacco cessation, and pregnancy health.
Source: Federal Register updates via the Rural Assistance Center - Category: Rural Health Source Type: news
Abstract Background: Evidence regarding the use of antipsychotics and associated venous thromboembolism (VTE) risk is inconclusive. Studies finding a relationship lack in-depth analysis; thus, the VTE risk among those treated with antipsychotic remains largely unknown. Objectives: The primary objective of this investigation was to compare the incidence of antipsychotic use in patients who developed a VTE versus those who did not. Methods: Data were collected via retrospective chart review from an ambulatory care clinic between January 2012 and August 2017. All active clinic patients within the study period were in...
Source: The Annals of Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Ann Pharmacother Source Type: research
This study is designed to assess pregnancy-related weight gain and postpartum weight loss, to identify a possible correlation between weight gain during pregnancy and the risk of obesity in the late postpartum period. The batch comprised 306 women, hospitalized in the Obstetrics and Gynecology Section of the "Nicolae Malaxa" Clinical Hospital between June - November 2017. During this study, we assessed the weight status using the Weight, Body Mass Index, Height, and Abdominal Circumference. These parameters were clinically assessed in three periods pre-pregnancy, early postpartum period, late postpartum period. W...
Source: Journal of Medicine and Life - Category: General Medicine Tags: J Med Life Source Type: research
Contributors : Eva Hucklenbruch-Rother ; Andre Oberthuer ; Inga Bae-GartzSeries Type : Expression profiling by arrayOrganism : Mus musculusIn the present project we examined the effects of maternal obesity to offspring hypothalamic tissue at postnatal day (P) 21. Maternal obesity has emerged as an important risk factor for the development of metabolic disorders in the offspring.To obtain an overview of affected genes in the offsprings hypothalamus, the center of hunger and satiety in the brain, we performed whole genome microarray expression profiling. Female mice were fed either a control diet (SD) or a high fat diet (HFD...
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by array Mus musculus Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 August 2019Source: Reproductive ToxicologyAuthor(s): Kristin J. Marks, Zuha Jeddy, W. Dana Flanders, Kate Northstone, Abigail Fraser, Antonia M. Calafat, Kayoko Kato, Terryl J. HartmanAbstractPerfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are chemicals used in the manufacture of consumer products. PFAS may act as endocrine disruptors, influencing metabolic pathways and weight-related outcomes. We analyzed associations of maternal serum pregnancy concentrations of PFAS with gestational weight gain (GWG). We used data from 905 women in a subsample of the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children...
Source: Reproductive Toxicology - Category: Toxicology Source Type: research
Authors: Qiao L, Zhang Q, Liang Y, Gao A, Ding Y, Zhao N, Zhang W, Li H, Lu Y, Wang T Abstract Low fetal DNA fraction (
Source: American Journal of Translational Research - Category: Research Tags: Am J Transl Res Source Type: research
ConclusionsThis study highlights metformin as an important and safe tool to prevent excessive GWG and promote adequate GWG in overweight or obese women with GDM, regardless of age, BMI, timing of GDM diagnosis, previous history of GDM or macrosomia.
Source: Endocrine - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Heidari-Beni M Abstract The origin of some non communicable disease (NCDs) is in early life. Evidence has shown that early life nutrition is associated with the risk of developing chronic non communicable diseases. Pregnancy and infancy are the most critical stages that influence the risks of NCDs in childhood and adult life. Prenatal maternal undernutrition and low birth weight lead to obesity and increase the risk factors of cardiovascular disease and diabetes later in life. Nutrition is one of the easily modifiable environmental factors that may affect outcome of pregnancy, trajectory of growth, and imm...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
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