AI, radiomics can help predict chemotherapy response

Artificial intelligence (AI) and radiomics can identify which non-small cell...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AI may predict lymph node metastasis in gastric cancer AI singles out high-risk prostate cancer on mpMRI AI can predict breast cancer molecular subtypes on MRI AI can differentiate glioblastoma, brain metastasis AI uses features outside nodules to predict malignancy
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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In this study, we reviewed major human studies on the health risks of radiation exposure and showed that sex-related factors may potentially influence the long-term response to radiation exposure. Available data suggest that long-term radiosensitivity in women is higher than that in men who receive a comparable dose of radiation. The report on the biological effects of ionizing radiation (BEIR VII) published in 2006 by the National Academy of Sciences, United States emphasized that women may be at significantly greater risk of suffering and dying from radiation-induced cancer than men exposed to the same dose of radiation....
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Conclusions and Perspectives In this review, we have discussed important milestones from the early description of “Serum-sickness” as being due to antibodies directed against Neu5Gc epitopes all the way to the present-day therapeutic implications of these antibodies in cancer therapy. Some of these milestones have been represented in a concise timeline (Figure 6). While the “Xenosialitis” hypothesis is well-supported in the human-like mouse models, it has yet to be conclusively proven in humans. It remains to be seen if “Xenosialitis” plays a role in other uniquely-human diseases. FI...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In this study, the immunohistochemistry results demonstrated that DEPDC1 was high-expressed in breast cancer tissues compared with the paired adjacent normal breast tissues, and its tendency at protein level was consistent with mRNA level from TCGA data. Moreover, DEPDC1 mRNA level revealed the strongest association with poor prognosis and development in breast cancer. In vitro assays showed that DEPDC1 overexpression resulted in significant promotion of proliferation by regulating cell cycle in MCF-7 cells, whilst an opposite effect was found in the MDA-MB-231 cells with DEPDC1 deletion. Notably, further investigation ind...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Laure Garnier*, Anastasia-Olga Gkountidi and Stephanie Hugues* Department of Pathology and Immunology, Faculty of Medicine, University of Geneva, Geneva, Switzerland The lymphatic system comprises a network of lymphoid tissues and vessels that drains the extracellular compartment of most tissues. During tumor development, lymphatic endothelial cells (LECs) substantially expand in response to VEGFR-3 engagement by VEGF-C produced in the tumor microenvironment, a process known as tumor-associated lymphangiogenesis. Lymphatic drainage from the tumor to the draining lymph nodes consequently increases, powering inters...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
This study aimed to explore whether a correlation exists between the incidence and mortality of cancers and normalized internet search volumes on the big data platform, Baidu. We also assessed whether the distribution of people who searched for specific types of cancer differed by gender. Finally, we determined whether there were regional disparities among people who searched the Web for cancer-related information. Methods: Standard Boolean operators were used to choose search terms for each type of cancer. Spearman’s correlation analysis was used to explore correlations among monthly search index values for each can...
Source: Journal of Medical Internet Research - Category: General Medicine Authors: Source Type: research
Conclusions: Sex hormone environment during early development is associated with cancer risk later in life. Further studies exploring the link between intrauterine hormone environment and cancer risk are encouraged. PMID: 29581795 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Disease Markers - Category: Laboratory Medicine Tags: Dis Markers Source Type: research
Author Affiliations open 1 McLaughlin Centre for Population Health Risk Assessment, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada 2 Barcelona Institute for Global Health (ISGlobal), Barcelona, Spain 3 Universitat Pompeu Fabra (UPF), Barcelona, Spain 4 CIBER Epidemiología y Salud Pública (CIBERESP), Madrid, Spain 5 School of Epidemiology and Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, Canada 6 Epidemiology Research Program, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, Georgia, USA 7 Department of Economics, Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah, USA 8 Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, Cana...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 February 2017 Source:Pharmacology & Therapeutics Author(s): Jin Tae Hong, Dong Ju Son, Chong Kil Lee, Do-Young Yoon, Dong Hun Lee, Mi Hee Park Interleukin-32 (IL-32) is a novel cytokine involved in inflammation and cancer development. IL-32 gene consists of eight small exons, and IL-32 mRNA has nine alternative spliced isoforms, and was thought to be secreted because it contains an internal signal sequence and lacks a transmembrane region. IL-32 is initially expressed selectively in activated T cells by mitogen and activated NK cells and their expression is strongly augmented by m...
Source: Pharmacology and Therapeutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
By Stacy SimonThe International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), part of the World Health Organization, has added 8 types of cancer to those it had previously linked to being overweight or obese. The newly linked cancer types are: stomach, liver, gallbladder, pancreatic, ovarian, thyroid, multiple myeloma, and meningioma (a tumor of the lining over the brain and spinal cord).IARC also confirmed its previous conclusions, that excess weight is a risk factor for cancers of the esophagus, colon and rectum, breast (in postmenopausal women), kidney, and endometrium. IARC also said being overweight or obese may raise the ris...
Source: American Cancer Society :: News and Features - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Diet/Exercise/Weight Source Type: news
Using a time-dependent approach, we investigated all-site and site-specific cancer incidence in a large population stratified by diabetes status. The study analyzed a closed cohort comprised of Israelis aged 21–89 years, enrolled in a health fund, and followed from 2002 to 2012. Adjusting for age, ethnicity, and socioeconomic status, we calculated hazard ratios for cancer incidence using Cox regression separately for participants with prevalent and incident diabetes; the latter was further divided by time since diabetes diagnosis. Of the 2,186,196 individuals included in the analysis, 159,104 were classified as havin...
Source: American Journal of Epidemiology - Category: Epidemiology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH-ARTICLE Source Type: research
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