Clinical and Magnetic Resonance Imaging Characteristics of Postfenestration Optic Nerve Sheath Pseudomeningoceles

Conclusions: Pseudomeningoceles following ONSF may be asymptomatic or may cause symptomatic orbital mass effect and rarely visual loss, amendable to surgical excision. Post-ONSF pseudomeningoceles are identified on computed tomography or magnetic resonance imaging to occur at the locations of fenestration sites and contain cerebrospinal fluid communicating with the subdural space that may act as a “filtration” bleb in some cases. Imaging findings may represent a spectrum spanning intraorbital cerebrospinal fluid leakage, partial walling off of bleb, or fully developed cysts. Resection of optic nerve pseudomeningoceles is considered in symptomatic cysts or eyes with papilledema that fails to improve.
Source: Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery - Category: Opthalmology Tags: Original Investigations Source Type: research

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We report a case of sacral fracture complicated by an intrasacral meningocele in a 37-year-old male. The patient had a left sacral fracture with bilateral fractures of the superior and inferior pubic rami. The sacrum was fixed with a posterior plate and both superior pubic rami were fixed with an intramedullary screw. However, computed tomography myelogram and magnetic resonance imaging showed the intrasacral meningocele with the leakage of the cerebrospinal fluid into the buttocks and developed delayed union. Reoperation utilizing a strong anterior and posterior internal fixation combined with posterior bone grafting was ...
Source: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Authors: Tags: J Orthop Surg (Hong Kong) Source Type: research
ConclusionsA significant proportion (56%) of symptomatic IFDVT patients are not being appropriately referred to or discussed with vascular services. Of these, 43% would have been eligible for consideration of early thrombus removal. Adherence to the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence guidelines could be improved by increasing awareness among emergency department colleagues.
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
This study assessed the effectiveness and safety of percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy and catheter-directed thrombolysis combined with stent placement in the management of iliac vein compression syndrome with acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT).MethodsFrom December 2014 to April 2016, there were 46 patients with DVT who underwent percutaneous mechanical thrombectomy and catheter-directed thrombolysis and stenting for acute proximal DVT with computed tomography-verified iliofemoral stenosis. The Venous Registry Index was used for evaluating the degree of patency after pharmacomechanical thrombolysis; the preva...
Source: Journal of Vascular Surgery: Venous and Lymphatic Disorders - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
AbstractHepatic hydrothorax is a challenging complication of cirrhosis related to portal hypertension with an incidence of 5 –11% and occurs most commonly in patients with decompensated disease. Diagnosis is made through thoracentesis after excluding other causes of transudative effusions. It presents with dyspnea on exertion and it is most commonly right sided. Pathophysiology is mainly related to the direct passage of fluid from the peritoneal cavity through diaphragmatic defects. In this updated literature review, we summarize the diagnosis, clinical presentation, epidemiology and pathophysiology of hepatic hydrot...
Source: Lung - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
DiscussionA better understanding of sarcoidosis-related impact on work ability and quantification of disease burden is needed. Education for medical examiners and employers on sarcoidosis may improve quality of assessments and work accommodations. Development of guidelines for benefit authorities, which consider the broad impact of sarcoidosis beyond that of reduced pulmonary function, including extra-pulmonary assessment like fatigue, cognitive difficulties, as well as other organ involvement are needed.
Source: Lung - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsChanges in daily step count and time spent at fairly active, lightly active, and sedentary activity levels correlate with changes in 6MWD, and HRQOL in subjects with PAH suggesting that accelerometry may be a useful monitoring tool.
Source: Lung - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
Introduction: Chili pepper and its active component capsaicin have been reported to have a range of health benefits including reducing the risk of developing hypertension and obesity and also mortality risk.
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism, and Cardiovascular Diseases : NMCD - Category: Nutrition Authors: Source Type: research
ConclusionThe potent in vivo anticoagulant and antithrombotic effects of AAFCC suggests its pharmacological significance as herbal anticoagulant drug for the prevention and/or treatment of hyperfibrinogenemia- and thrombosis associated cardiovascular disorders.Graphical abstract
Source: Journal of Ethnopharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
This study examined gated cardiac CT scans to make observations regarding the size and proportions of the valve leaflets, sinuses of Valsalva, and sinotubular junction. One hundred and fifty gated cardiac CT scans were performed for a variety of clinical indications. Area of each cusp (short axis plane) was measured along with sinus height (from leaflet base to sinotubular junction), sinus width (from central coaptation point to outer sinus edge), annular perimeter, perimeter at mid-sinus level, and perimeter at the sinotubular junction. The right coronary cusp was largest, the left cusp smallest, and the non-coronary cusp...
Source: Monaldi Archives for Chest Disease - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Monaldi Arch Chest Dis Source Type: research
ConclusionsOARs close to liver lesions may receive higher doses than expected during SBRT owing to interfractional variations in OARs relative to the target. These differences in planned versus expected dose can lead to toxicity. Efforts to better evaluate OARs with daily image guidance may help reduce risks. Application of adaptive replanning and improved and real-time image guidance could mitigate risks of toxicity, and further study into their applications is warranted.
Source: Practical Radiation Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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