Safe Travel Preparation for HIV-Infected Patients

AbstractPurpose of ReviewInfectious diseases are a risk when traveling internationally, and it is important to know the potential disease burden of a region and take appropriate preventative actions before traveling. For individuals with HIV, there are special considerations and contradictions for various vaccines and medications as well as interactions with likely antiviral drugs. The purpose of this review is to summarize the vaccine and medication recommendations for travelers with HIV infection. We also review recent studies to update these recommendations.Recent FindingsThe recommendation for yellow fever vaccine has changed in June of 2016, and it is now a once in a lifetime vaccine instead of being given every 10  years. A new cholera vaccine, Vaxchora™ was approved in 2016. Since it is a live vaccine, its impact on immunocompromised individuals is still not fully known. A recent study found that immunocompromised patients responded well to the hepatitis A vaccine, although acquiring immunity may take lon ger than in non-immunocompromised people. There are some new anti-viral medicines that need to be considered with interactions for other travel medicines, in particular, the anti-malaria drugs.SummaryThis review provides current knowledge on how HIV-infected and immunocompromised persons respond to medications and vaccines for prevention of infectious diseases in travelers. These recommendations will be useful to recommend safer travel for the HIV-infected ...
Source: Current Infectious Disease Reports - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research

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Source: American Journal of Infection Control - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: research
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Source: TIME: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Uncategorized measles onetime Source Type: news
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Authors: D'Amelio E, Salemi S, D'Amelio R Abstract A brief history of vaccination is presented since the Jenner's observation, through the first golden age of vaccinology (from Pasteur's era to 1938), the second golden age (from 1940 to 1970), until the current period. In the first golden age, live, such as Bacille Calmette Guérin (BCG), and yellow fever, inactivated, such as typhoid, cholera, plague, and influenza, and subunit vaccines, such as tetanus and diphtheria toxoids, have been developed. In the second golden age, the cell culture technology enabled polio, measles, mumps, and rubella vaccines be dev...
Source: International Reviews of Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Int Rev Immunol Source Type: research
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Source: Annals of Global Health - Category: Global & Universal Source Type: research
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