Frequency of CDH1 germline variants and contribution of dietary habits in early age onset gastric cancer patients in Brazil

ConclusionsNo unequivocal pathogenic germlineCDH1 variants were identified in Brazilian EOGC patients. Dietary habits may be associated with the EOGC development.
Source: Gastric Cancer - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research

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In this study, we reviewed major human studies on the health risks of radiation exposure and showed that sex-related factors may potentially influence the long-term response to radiation exposure. Available data suggest that long-term radiosensitivity in women is higher than that in men who receive a comparable dose of radiation. The report on the biological effects of ionizing radiation (BEIR VII) published in 2006 by the National Academy of Sciences, United States emphasized that women may be at significantly greater risk of suffering and dying from radiation-induced cancer than men exposed to the same dose of radiation....
Source: Frontiers in Genetics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
Dongyan Zhang1†, Hui Liu1†, Sixin Wang1, Wei Zhang1, Jing Wang1, Hongwu Tian2, Yamin Wang1 and Haifeng Ji1* 1Institute of Animal Husbandry and Veterinary Medicine, Beijing Academy of Agriculture and Forestry Sciences, Beijing, China 2Beijing Research Center of Intelligent Equipment for Agriculture, Beijing, China Lactobacillus has a positive effect on the host intestinal microbiota. In piglets, dietary supplementation with Lactobacillus affects general health and plays an important role in nutrient digestion and fermentation. However, this association requires further investigation. Here, we studie...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
This study was supported by the Shanghai Sailing Program [grant number 17YF1425200, 2017]; Chinese National Natural Science Funding [grant number 81702249, 2017]; Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality [grant number 17511103403, 2017]; The funder has no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Acknowledgments We acknowledge the ex...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Fight Aging! provides a weekly digest of news and commentary for thousands of subscribers interested in the latest longevity science: progress towards the medical control of aging in order to prevent age-related frailty, suffering, and disease, as well as improvements in the present understanding of what works and what doesn't work when it comes to extending healthy life. Expect to see summaries of recent advances in medical research, news from the scientific community, advocacy and fundraising initiatives to help speed work on the repair and reversal of aging, links to online resources, and much more. This content is...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Introduction: Lynch syndrome or hereditary non-polyposis colon cancer (HNPCC) is inherited disorder in DNA mismatch repair genes which lead to microsatellite instability and increased risk of developing such cancers as colorectal, gastric, endometrial and others in relatively young adults under 50 years of age. Since genes who account for this syndrome have been identified and are transferred to next generations, many countries have launched a screening programme for selected patient groups to carry out prevention strategies.
Source: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology - Category: OBGYN Authors: Tags: Basic Science 5 – Oncology Source Type: research
Source: Cancer Management and Research - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Cancer Management and Research Source Type: research
OBJECTIVES: Survival data for young adults (YA) with gastric cancer is conflicting and scarce in Brazil. The aim of this study was to compare the clinicopathological factors and survival rates of younger and older patients with gastric cancer. METHODS: Hospital registries for 294 gastric cancer patients from a reference cancer hospital in S ão Paulo, Brazil, were consulted for the retrieval of clinicopathological information and follow-up time. Patients were placed into the following groups: YA ( ≤ 40 years; N=71), older adult (OA: 41 to 65 years; N=129) and elderly (E: ≥ 66 years; N=94). Differences were asse...
Source: Clinics - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
OBJECTIVES: Cancer in young adults represents a great challenge, both biologically and socially, and understanding the unique characteristics of neoplasms in this age group is important to improving care. We aimed to evaluate the most common carcinomas and their characteristics, such as histological type and clinical stage, in young adults in the largest cancer hospital in Latin America. METHODS: The hospital registry was consulted for the period between 2008 and 2014. Young adults were defined as individuals aged 18 to 39 years, and older adults were defined as individuals aged 40 years and older. Differences between age ...
Source: Clinics - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
We report that the disruption of excitation-contraction coupling contributes to impaired force generation in the mouse model of Sod1 deficiency. Briefly, we found a significant reduction in sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ ATPase (SERCA) activity as well as reduced expression of proteins involved in calcium release and force generation. Another potential factor involved in EC uncoupling in Sod1-/- mice is oxidative damage to proteins involved in the contractile response. In summary, this study provides strong support for the coupling between increased oxidative stress and disruption of cellular excitation contraction mac...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Introduction: According to the Estonian National Cancer Registry, approximately 400 new GC cases are diagnosed in Estonia annually, among them 18 patients under the age of 45 years. The present study aimed to characterize the diagnosis and treatment of GC in young Estonian patients. The current work is a single institution experience of the last 10 –year data from 2007 to 2016.
Source: Annals of Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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