Aspiring Doctors Seek Advanced Training In Addiction Medicine

Source: NPR Health and Science - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Source Type: news

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Publication date: Available online 24 February 2020Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and BehaviorAuthor(s): Christine H. Lee, Olivier George, Adam KimbroughAbstractCaffeine is the most widely consumed psychoactive substance in the world. However, there is controversy about whether becoming addicted to caffeine is possible and a lack of well-established animal models to examine caffeine consumption. The present study sought to establish a model of caffeine consumption in Wistar rats, identify different rat populations of caffeine preference, and determine whether extended voluntary caffeine consumption produces compulsive-l...
Source: Pharmacology Biochemistry and Behavior - Category: Biochemistry Source Type: research
Less than half of individuals who were seen in an emergency department (ED) in Ontario for a mental health –related issue had a follow-up visit with a physician within two weeks after discharge, according to astudy published today inPsychiatric Services in Advance. Those who had a substance use disorder were even less likely to have a follow-up visit with a physician during this period compared with those who did not have a substance use disorder, the study found.“Whether individuals present voluntarily because of subjective distress or involuntarily (for example, with police escort) because of acute risk, psyc...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: bipolar disorder emergency department follow-up visit Lucy Barker Ontario Psychiatric Services in Advance schizophrenia serious mental illness substance use disorders Source Type: research
NCCIH Integrative Medicine Research Lecture Series The series provides overviews of the current state of research and practice involving complementary health approaches and explores perspectives on the emerging discipline of integrative medicine. Dr. Garland is a Distinguished Endowed Chair in Research, Professor and Associate Dean for Research College of Social Work; Director, Center on Mindfulness and Integrative Health Intervention Development (C-MIIND); Associate Director of Integrative Medicine, Supportive Oncology Program, Huntsman Cancer Institute at The University of Utah. Dr. Garland will describe development and ...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
The Multi-Disciplinary Working Group serves as a fact-finding body of experts external to NIH to provide input to guide Helping to End Addiction Long-termSM Initiative, or NIH HEAL InitiativeSM, research. The working group assists the NIH Institute and Center (IC) Advisory Councils to help ensure that NIH HEAL Initiative research meets the bold, trans-NIH goals for the initiative. Its meetings serve as a forum to engage partners in the private sector and research community, provide a transparent venue for stakeholders and members of the public, and help facilitate exchange of scientific information among NIH HEAL Initiativ...
Source: Videocast - All Events - Category: General Medicine Tags: Upcoming Events Source Type: video
Ask a smoker what they get out of cigarettes and they are likely to talk about pleasure, contentment, and an overall good feeling. Nicotine, the active ingredient in cigarettes, is a stimulant. Used in low doses like those delivered by combustible cigarettes, stimulants activate the nervous system, resulting in enhanced arousal and alertness. Nicotine binding in the limbic system — the part of the brain that houses the pleasure and reward center — releases dopamine, resulting in feelings of euphoria. These effects combine to give smokers a boost in their mood. In this context, new research from a team at Harvar...
Source: Harvard Health Blog - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Addiction Adolescent health Mental Health Smoking cessation Source Type: blogs
Funding Opportunity RFA-DA-21-004 from the NIH Guide for Grants and Contracts. To support research projects exploring the roles of biomolecular condensates (BMCs) and their regulators in processes relevant to HIV/SIV infection, replication, latency, or pathogenesis in the context of substance use disorders. These processes could include studies exploring BMC involvement in HIV infection, HIV replication (including viral gene expression), HIV latency formation or maintenance (including chromatin structure), or HIV pathogenesis (including neurodegenerative processes). Studies could also include investigation of roles for BM...
Source: NIH Funding Opportunities (Notices, PA, RFA) - Category: Research Source Type: funding
To the Editor The Viewpoint by Dwarakanath provided a thoughtful description of the adolescent opioid use disorder (OUD) epidemic and the limited access to recommended care. The remedy presented was requiring pediatric residents to take an 8-hour course and become waivered to prescribe buprenorphine. Pediatric residents ’ exposure to addiction medicine is so limited that this would be quantitatively more training than many now receive. However, the goals should be to increase treatment capacity and improve the quality of care in this domain, not just a numerical increase in hours of exposure. For these goals to b e a...
Source: JAMA Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Maintenance treatment with opioid agonists (buprenorphine, methadone) is effective for opioid addiction but does not eliminate opioid use in all patients. Here, we modeled maintenance treatment in rats that self-administered the prescription opioid oxycodone. The maintenance medication was either buprenorphine or the G-protein-biased mu opioid receptor (MOR) agonist TRV130. We then tested prevention of oxycodone seeking and taking during abstinence using a modified context-induced-reinstatement procedure, a rat relapse model.
Source: Biological Psychiatry - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Archival Report Source Type: research
AbstractComorbidity of affective disorders (AD) and alcohol dependence (AlD) worsens prognosis and efficiency of therapy, exacerbates non-compliance in patients, and lowers their level of social adjustment. To study the influence of AlD on clinical-dynamic characteristics of AD, two groups of patients were examined and compared. The study group included 32 patients with AD and comorbid AlD. The comparison group included 31 AD patients without comorbid addictive pathology. The patients of compared groups did not have statistical differences (p >  0.05) according to sex, age, and AD. The Clinical Global Impr...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
AbstractThe purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric and personality disorders among industrial workers with substance use disorders and to investigate the association between this comorbidity and drug-related problems. A total of 353 industrial workers were included in the study. Sociodemographic and clinical data were collected from participants. Compared to controls, workers with substance use disorders were about 19 and 8 times more likely to have psychiatric and personality disorders, respectively. Anxiety (35.4%) and mood disorders (29.2%) were the most common psychiatric disorders among su...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
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