2-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-l-ascorbic acid, a novel vitamin C derivative from Lycium barbarum, prevents oxidative stress

Publication date: Available online 18 March 2019Source: Redox BiologyAuthor(s): Shen-Fei Wang, Xin Liu, Mo-Yu Ding, Shuangcheng Ma, Jing Zhao, Ying Wang, Shaoping LiAbstractReducing agents are crucial for the management of maladaptive inflammation-induced macrophage death and hematopoietic toxicity of chemotherapy. 2-O-β-d-glucopyranosyl-l-ascorbic acid (AA-2βG), a unique AA (or vitamin C) derivative identified in Lycium barbarum, exhibited enhanced free radical scavenging activity compared with AA and its synthetic derivative AA-2αG. AA-2βG protected hydrogen peroxide-induced cell death in murine macrophage RAW264.7 cells. Treatment with AA-2βG eliminated oxidative stress and the ratio of cellular glutathione to glutathione disulfide more effectively than AA and AA-2αG. AA-2βG also significantly reduced the fluorescent intensity of DCFH-DA triggered by chemotherapeutic agent camptotehcin-11 but not fluorouracil. AA, AA-2αG, and AA-2βG significantly decreased Keap-1expression, and increased the expression levels of nuclear factor E2-related factor 2 (Nrf2) and heme oxygenase-1. All compounds triggered the nuclear translocation of Nrf2, while the ability of AA-2βG to enhance the Nrf2-DNA binding affinity was approximately two fold as those of AA and AA-2αG. Sodium ascorbate cotransporters (SVCT) inhibitors, sulfinpyrazone, phloretin, and 3-O-methyglucose, potently abrogated the free radical scavenging activities of A...
Source: Redox Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: research

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We report an extremely rare case of a right ventricular outflow tract mass identified to be an intracardiac MC in a 4-month-old male infant. Pathology revealed an EWS-KLF15 translocation. Treatment included gross total resection and intensive chemotherapy. Recurrent cardiac mass with brain metastasis was seen 16 months after primary diagnosis. We describe the rarity of intracardiac MC in pediatric patients and the challenges encountered in the multimodal management of this patient.
Source: Journal of Pediatric Hematology Oncology - Category: Hematology Tags: Online Articles: Original Articles Source Type: research
This study was carried out in accordance with the recommendations of international guidelines and ethical standards with written informed consent from all subjects. All subjects gave written informed consent in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. The protocol was approved by the Institutional Ethics Committee of Kunming General Hospital, China. miRNAs, Plasmids, Transfection, and Irradiation To predict miRNAs with potential binding sites in the 3′UTR of PHLDA2, Targetscan (http://www.targetscan.org/), miRanda (http://www.microrna.org/), and Diana database (http://diana.cslab,ece.nura.gr/) algorithms were u...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In this study, the three natural compounds 6-methoxymellein (3), angelicoin B (4) and ellagic acid as well as nine novel 3,4-dihydroisocoumarins (Figure 1) were analyzed regarding their cytotoxicity in cancer cells and inhibition of the endogenously expressed human ABC transporters P-gp, BCRP, and MRP1 and of the yeast transporter Pdr5. For further insights into the mechanism of action, Pdr5 ATPase and substrate transport assays were performed. These results were complemented with molecular docking studies that indicate that differences in the inhibitory power of the investigated 3,4-dihydroisocoumarins with respect to P-g...
Source: Frontiers in Pharmacology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Nuclear protein in testis (NUT) midline carcinoma (NMC) is a rare malignant tumor defined by a unique chromosomal translocation of the NUT gene on chromosome 15q14. This very rare tumor is usually located in midline structures, especially in the head and neck region. However, there have been no previous reports of NMC arising from the eyes. Here, we first describe a case of NMC originating in the right orbit of a 60-year-old woman. A multimodality approach, including surgery, chemotherapy, radiotherapy, and target therapy, was adopted in clinical practice. PMID: 30991882 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Cancer Biology and Therapy - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Cancer Biol Ther Source Type: research
In this study, Lactobacillus plantarum (L. plantarum) KLDS1.0318 preserved in our laboratory was orally administered to CTX-treated mice to explore its potential effects to attenuate the toxic effects of CTX-induced by modulating intestinal immune response, promoting intestinal integrity and improving metabolic profile. BALB/c mice were randomly divided into six groups including normal control group (NC; non-CTX with sterile saline), model control group (MC; CTX-treated with sterile saline), CTX-treated with L. plantarum KLDS1.0318 (10 mL/kg) groups with three different doses (KLDS1.0318-L, 5 × 107 CFU/mL; KLDS1.0318...
Source: Frontiers in Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Alveolar soft part sarcoma (ASPS) is a rare malignancy with high rates of metastasis at presentation, defined by an unclear cellular origin and a unique unbalanced ASPSCR1-TFE3 translocation (der(17)t(X:17)(p11:q25))1. ASPS is insensitive to chemotherapy and has been reported to involve the bladder only twice in the pediatric literature; once as a primary malignancy2, and once as a secondary malignancy after cytotoxic chemotherapy3. Herein, we report the third case of pediatric bladder ASPS in a female patient who received cytotoxic chemotherapy for low-risk neuroblastoma.
Source: Urology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Source Type: research
This study was supported by the Shanghai Sailing Program [grant number 17YF1425200, 2017]; Chinese National Natural Science Funding [grant number 81702249, 2017]; Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai Municipality [grant number 17511103403, 2017]; The funder has no role in the study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Conflict of Interest Statement The authors declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest. Acknowledgments We acknowledge the ex...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
In conclusion, we have shown the safety and efficacy of Vemurafenib in a pediatric patient with DS affected by PXA. Ethics Statement This study was carried out in accordance with the recommendations of the Internal Review Board of the Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital with written informed consent from all subjects. All subjects gave written informed consent in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. The protocol was approved by the Internal Review Board of the Bambino Gesù Children's Hospital. Informed Consent The authors declare that written informed consent was obtained from the pat...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions The current review reports recent epidemiological and experimental data supporting the bright future of dietary polyphenols as chemopreventive, anti-inflammatory, immunomodulatory, and anticancer agents in CRC (Figure 1). The polyphenol-rich diet not only may represent a chemopreventive treatment but also has important function on immune system by promoting symbiont and commensal bacterial populations, increases reciprocal interaction between host and microbiota which in turn have important effects on immune function Evidence underlines the use of polyphenols as sensitizers of chemo/radiotherapies paving the w...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
Hepatoma-Derived Growth Factor and DDX5 Promote Carcinogenesis and Progression of Endometrial Cancer by Activating β-Catenin Chunhua Liu1†, Lijing Wang1†, Qingping Jiang2†, Junyi Zhang3†, Litong Zhu1, Li Lin1, Huiping Jiang1, Dan Lin1, Yanyi Xiao1, Weiyi Fang1,3 and Suiqun Guo1* 1Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Third Affiliated Hospital, Southern Medical University, Guangzhou, China 2Department of Pathology, Third Affiliated Hospital of Guangzhou Medical University, Guangzhou, China 3Integrated Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Southern Medical University, Guang...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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