Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 1076: Isoflavones

Molecules, Vol. 24, Pages 1076: Isoflavones Molecules doi: 10.3390/molecules24061076 Authors: Ludmila Křížová Kateřina Dadáková Jitka Kašparovská Tomáš Kašparovský Phytoestrogens are naturally occurring nonsteroidal phenolic plant compounds that, due to their molecular structure and size, resemble vertebrate steroids estrogens. This review is focused on plant flavonoids isoflavones, which are ranked among the most estrogenic compounds. The main dietary sources of isoflavones for humans are soybean and soybean products, which contain mainly daidzein and genistein. When they are consumed, they exert estrogenic and/or antiestrogenic effects. Isoflavones are considered chemoprotective and can be used as an alternative therapy for a wide range of hormonal disorders, including several cancer types, namely breast cancer and prostate cancer, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, or menopausal symptoms. On the other hand, isoflavones may also be considered endocrine disruptors with possible negative influences on the state of health in a certain part of the population or on the environment. This review deals with isoflavone classification, structure, and occurrence, with their metabolism, biological, and health effects in humans and animals, and with their utilization and potential risks.
Source: Molecules - Category: Chemistry Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research

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Dalton Trans., 2019, Advance Article DOI: 10.1039/C9DT03221E, PaperBiyun Sun, Madhu K. Sundaraneedi, Hannah M. Southam, Robert K. Poole, Ian F. Musgrave, F. Richard Keene, J. Grant Collins The non-linear polypyridylruthenium(II) complex (Rubb7-TNL) exhibited good antimicrobial activity, but surprisingly was also highly active against cancer cells. The results suggestRubb7-TNL may have potential as a new anticancer agent. To cite this article before page numbers are assigned, use the DOI form of citation above. The content of this RSS Feed (c) The Royal Society of Chemistry
Source: RSC - Dalton Trans. latest articles - Category: Chemistry Authors: Source Type: research
[The Herald] Health and Child Care Ambassador, First Lady Auxillia Mnangagwa yesterday commended the National Aids Council of Zimbabwe for donating cervical cancer screening machines to the Ministry of Health and Child Care.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
ConclusionsIL17RB predicts the prognosis and benefit from gemcitabine in patients with resectable pancreatic cancer.
Source: Pathology Research and Practice - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
This study is a post-hoc analysis of steroid hormones before and after administration of pharmacological doses of soy isoflavones in a large cohort of men and women from two independent studies. Isoflavones are reported to inhibit mineralo- and glucocorticoid hormone production as well as reproductive steroids in vivo and in vitro. We focused on cytochrome P450 17α-hydroxylase (CYP17A1) which catalyses the production of dehydroepiandrosterone (DHEA), in the androgen biosynthesis pathway to elucidate effects on sex steroids in vitro. Design and Setting: Effects of soy isoflavones on steroid levels in two studies comp...
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 March 2018Source: The Lancet Diabetes &EndocrinologyAuthor(s): Tilman D Rachner, Robert Coleman, Peyman Hadji, Lorenz C HofbauerSummaryPreservation of bone health remains a long-term clinical challenge in patients with breast and prostate cancer. Osteoporosis, defined by a loss of bone mass and microarchitecture, often results in fragility fractures that are typically associated with a high socioeconomic burden. Endocrine therapy, a mainstay treatment in the management of patients with hormone-sensitive breast and prostate cancer in the adjuvant setting, commonly exerts adverse eff...
Source: The Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Conclusions: In this cohort of women with elevated risk, high serum 25(OH)D levels and regular vitamin D supplement use were associated with lower rates of incident, postmenopausal breast cancer over 5 y of follow-up. These results may help to establish clinical benchmarks for 25(OH)D levels; in addition, they support the hypothesis that vitamin D supplementation is useful in breast cancer prevention. About This Article Received: 09 August 2016 Revised: 23 January 2017 Accepted: 06 February 2017 Published: 06 July 2017 Address correspondence to C. R. Weinberg, 111 TW Alexander Dr., Rese...
Source: EHP Research - Category: Environmental Health Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research
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Source: Journal of Acupuncture and Meridian Studies - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Ottanelli S Abstract It is well known that fractures increase the risk of morbidity and mortality. The various mechanisms responsible for bone loss in cancer patients may have a different impact depending on the characteristics of the clinical case and correlates with the therapies used, or caused by the therapies used against cancer. Some hormonal treatments cause hypogonadism, event which contributes to the progressive loss of bone mass. This is detectable in patients with breast cancer receiving determines that estrogen-deprivation and in men with prostate cancer with therapies that determine androgen d...
Source: Clinical Cases in Mineral and Bone Metabolism - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Clin Cases Miner Bone Metab Source Type: research
Abstract Cancer treatment-induced bone loss treatment has an important role to prevent bone loss-related events like fracture, significant morbidity, mortality, disfigurement and loss of self-esteem, and health-care expenditure. Numerous factors, including treatment regimens and bone metastasis, increase the risk of osteoporosis or local bone destruction in most breast and prostate cancer patients. Cytotoxic chemotherapies, radiation, and hormonal therapies can lead to premature menopause and decrease bone mineral density. Over 60 % of breast cancer patients within 1 year of beginning postoperative adjuv...
Source: Current Osteoporosis Reports - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
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