The association between autoimmune disease and 30-day mortality among sepsis ICU patients: a cohort study

Sepsis results from a dysregulated host response to an infection that is associated with an imbalance between pro- and anti-inflammatory cytokines. This imbalance is hypothesized to be a driver of patient mort...
Source: Critical Care - Category: Intensive Care Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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Authors: Ingawale DK, Mandlik SK Abstract Inflammation is a physiological intrinsic host response to injury meant for removal of noxious stimuli and maintenance of homeostasis. It is a defensive body mechanism that involves immune cells, blood vessels and molecular mediators of inflammation. Glucocorticoids (GCs) are steroidal hormones responsible for regulation of homeostatic and metabolic functions of body. Synthetic GCs are the most useful anti-inflammatory drugs used for the treatment of chronic inflammatory diseases such as asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), allergies, multiple sclerosis, te...
Source: Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 February 2020Source: Life SciencesAuthor(s): Liu Yang, Xinyan Han, Jinfeng Yuan, Faping Xing, Zhixing Hu, Fei Huang, Hui Wu, Hailian Shi, Ting Zhang, Xiaojun WuAbstractAimsDendritic cells (DCs) actively participate in the pathogenesis of multiple sclerosis (MS), an autoimmune disease. Astragaloside IV (ASI), an active monomer isolated from the Chinese medicine Astragalus membranaceus, has a wide range of pharmacological effects. We aimed to elucidate the effects of ASI on the development of DCs in the early stage of MS/EAE.Main methodsThe mice were administered with ASI (20 mg/kg) da...
Source: Life Sciences - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) is an autoimmune-inflammatory CNS disease affecting spinal cord and optic nerves, mediated by autoantibodies against aquaporin-4 (AQP4) and myelin-oligodendrocyte-glycoprotein (MOG). Effects of those immunoglobulins (Ig) on retina and optic nerve are incompletely understood. We investigated AQP4-IgG and MOG-IgG sera on retina and optic nerve ex vivo and in 2D2 mice, which harbor a transgenic MOG-specific T-cell receptor. Some sera reacted with murine retina and optic nerve showing distinct binding patterns, suggesting different epitopes being targeted in both subgroups.
Source: Journal of Neuroimmunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Source Type: research
Limbic encephalitis (LE) with antibodies against leucine-rich glioma inactivated protein 1 (LGI1) is an autoimmune disease with variable clinical features, including seizures, cognitive disorders, psychiatric disturbances, and hyponatremia. The majority of these patients present faciobrachial dystonic seizures (FBDS), which are regarded as a characteristic symptom. A few cases have reported pilomotor seizures as the main manifestation of anti-LGI1 encephalitis. Here, we described a Chinese woman with frequent pilomotor seizures who was finally diagnosed as having anti-LGI1 encephalitis. Our report emphasizes the possible s...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Nature Reviews Neurology, Published online: 20 February 2020; doi:10.1038/s41582-020-0313-yNeuromyelitis optica spectrum disorders (NMOSD) are a type of neurological autoimmune disease characterized by attacks of CNS inflammation. In this Review, the authors discuss the relationship between pregnancy outcomes and NMOSD disease activity, and outline potential treatment approaches.
Source: Nature Reviews Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Source Type: research
Authors: Bardazzi F, Loi C, Vara G, Patrizi A, Di Altobrando A Abstract Objective: Rituximab, a chimeric monoclonal antibody that targets the CD-20 molecule on B-cells' surface, has led to significant advances in the treatment of autoimmune pemphigus in recent decades. The aim of the study was to assess the clinical efficacy as well as safety data for biosimilar rituximab with emphasis on the treatment of pemphigus vulgaris.Methods: A total of 12 individuals with pemphigus vulgaris treated with biosimilar rituximab were followed for at least 1 year. We assessed patient characteristics, disease history, pemphigus di...
Source: Journal of Dermatological Treatment - Category: Dermatology Tags: J Dermatolog Treat Source Type: research
View the full infographic [PDF] for more facts about sepsis. Sepsis is a serious medical condition caused by an overwhelming response to infection that damages tissues and organs. It’s unpredictable, progresses quickly, can strike anyone, and is a leading cause of hospital-related deaths. In the U.S. alone, nearly 270,000 people die each year from sepsis. Those who survive sepsis often end up in the hospital again, and some have long-term health complications. Early treatment is key for many patients to survive sepsis, yet doctors can’t easily diagnose it because it’s so complex and each patient is diffe...
Source: Biomedical Beat Blog - National Institute of General Medical Sciences - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Injury and Illness Bacteria Infectious Diseases Sepsis Systems Biology Viruses Source Type: blogs
Authors: Katsimardou A, Imprialos K, Stavropoulos K, Sachinidis A, Doumas M, Athyros VG Abstract Introduction: Type 1 diabetes mellitus (T1DM) is a chronic, autoimmune disease that is characterized by total absence of insulin production. Hypertension is a common comorbidity in T1DM with complex pathophysiology, while it is also a well-recognized risk factor for the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD), as well as other microvascular diabetic complications.Areas covered: The purpose of this review is to present the current definitions, epidemiological data and prevalence rates of hypertension in T1DM, as well...
Source: Expert Opinion on Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Tags: Expert Opin Pharmacother Source Type: research
We present the first case of simultaneous development of Graves ’ disease and type 1 diabetes during anti‐programmed cell death 1 therapy. Among Japanese participants with autoimmune polyglandular syndrome type III, the frequency of human leukocyte antigen‐DRB1*04:05 is higher in those with both type 1 diabetes and Graves’ disease. The present partic ipant carried the human leukocyte antigen‐DRB1*04:05; which might be associated with the simultaneous development of the two diseases. AbstractWe present the first case of simultaneous development of Graves ’ disease and type 1 ...
Source: Journal of Diabetes Investigation - Category: Endocrinology Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Series Type : Expression profiling by high throughput sequencingOrganism : Homo sapiensThis SuperSeries is composed of the SubSeries listed below.
Source: GEO: Gene Expression Omnibus - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Tags: Expression profiling by high throughput sequencing Homo sapiens Source Type: research
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