Prevalence of HIV and associated factors among visceral leishmaniasis cases in an endemic area of Northeast Brazil

CONCLUSIONS The prevalence of VL-HIV co-infection was high and co-infected patients were more likely to have adverse outcomes.
Source: Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical - Category: Tropical Medicine Source Type: research

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Publication date: Available online 6 November 2019Source: Respiratory Medicine Case ReportsAuthor(s): Serao Mattia, Marianna Lilli, Angela Succu, Tiziana Trequattrini, Rossana Vigliarolo, Giuseppina Gioffrè, Rosario Rivitti, Aldo Ciani, Shakib Zyada, Silvia Candia, Maria Cristina ZappaAbstractHistoplasma capsulatum is a dimorphic fungus, non-endemic in Italy but endemic in America, Asia and tropical Africa. People who generally visit an endemic area may aspirate spores and run the risk of infection. The aerosolization of micronids or hyphal fragments is considered to cause the epidemic. In most people this fungus, w...
Source: Respiratory Medicine Case Reports - Category: Respiratory Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionCompound 13 is a new diester terephthalate derivative. All the compounds are obtained from the genus Dichocarpum for the first time, and compounds 9 and 10 have potential chemotaxonomic significance to the genus Dichocarpum.
Source: Chinese Herbal Medicines - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Authors: Shin DH, Jo HC, Kim JH, Jun KI, Park WB, Kim NJ, Choi MH, Kang CK, Oh MD Abstract A complicated case of echinococcosis with multiple organ involvement is reported in a 53-year-old businessman who frequently traveled overseas, including China, Russia, and Kazakhstan from 2001 to 2007. The patient was first diagnosed with a large liver cyst during a screening abdomen ultrasonography in 2011, but he did not follow up on the lesion afterwards. Six years later, dizziness, dysarthria, and cough developed, and cystic lesions were found in the brain, liver and lungs. The clinical course was complicated when the pa...
Source: Korean Journal of Parasitology - Category: Parasitology Tags: Korean J Parasitol Source Type: research
Authors: Polinori I, Esposito S Abstract Pertussis is an endemic highly infectious vaccine-preventable disease. The disease is a major cause of childhood morbidity and mortality. In the most recent years, the re-emergence of pertussis occurred, and many efforts were done to identify the possible causes. Certainly, more effective laboratory methods have a role in making the diagnosis easier. However, sub-optimal efficacy of available vaccines as well as their limited duration of protection could explain the resurgence of the disease. Many forms and clinical features of the disease, ranging from the most classical to...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Lambert EE, Buisman AM, van Els CACM Abstract Pertussis remains endemic in vaccinated populations due to waning of vaccine-induced immunity and insufficient interruption of transmission. Correlates of long-term protection against whooping cough remain elusive but increasing evidence from experimental models indicates that the priming of particular lineages of B. pertussis (Bp) specific CD4+ T cells is essential to control bacterial load. Critical hallmarks of these protective CD4+ T cell lineages in animals are suggested to be their differentiation profile as Th1 and Th17 cells and their tissue residency. ...
Source: Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology - Category: Research Tags: Adv Exp Med Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Jiang T, Guo Q, Ran B, Zhang R, Aji T, Shao Y Abstract Hydatid disease, also known as echinococcal disease, is a zoonotic disease caused by Echinococcus infection. Hydatid cysts of the thyroid are rare. The present case study reports on a patient with hydatid cyst in the thyroid with tracheal fistula. A 54-year-old male patient without any history of exposure to farm animals was hospitalized due to fever and productive cough with occasional hydatid daughter cyst. The patient was diagnosed with a hydatid cyst of the thyroid gland with tracheal fistula by relevant examination. An operation was performed to r...
Source: Experimental and Therapeutic Medicine - Category: General Medicine Tags: Exp Ther Med Source Type: research
Abstract Paragonimiasis, or lung fluke disease, is a typical food-borne parasitic zoonosis caused by infection with trematodes belonging to the genus Paragonimus. More than 50 species of Paragonimus have been reported throughout the world, of which seven valid species infect humans, an estimated one million people annually worldwide. Among the seven species, P. westermani, P. heterotremus, and P. skrjabini/P. s. miyazakii, distributed in Asia, are the most important species as the cause of paragonimiasis. Humans acquire infection through the ingestion of raw, pickled or undercooked freshwater crustaceans, 2nd inte...
Source: Acta Tropica - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Acta Trop Source Type: research
Rationale: Childhood brucellosis is a significant community health problem. It may imitate other conditions and may be misdiagnosed. Pulmonary involvement is a rare complication of childhood brucellosis. Patient concerns: A 23-month-old child was referred to our hospital with a 3-week history of fevers and cough. He was initially diagnosed with pneumonia. Diagnoses and Interventions: Conventional antibiotic treatment was ineffectual. Total leukocyte count was 10,300/mm3, hemoglobin was 8.5 g/dL, and platelet count was 250,000/mm3. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate and procaicltonin were 25 mm/h and 0.12 ng/m...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Clinical Case Report Source Type: research
Endemic to Southeast Asia, East Asia and China, Talaromyces marneffei is a dimorphic fungus capable of causing systemic fungal infections in immunocompromised patients (Supparatpinyo et al., 1994). Since its discovery in the 1950 ´s, the majority of cases have been documented in HIV patients with low CD4 counts. In northern Thailand, T. marneffei is the fourth most prevalent opportunistic infection in this population (Chariyalertsak et al., 2001). Clinical manifestations include fever, malaise, lymphadenopathy, cough, and h epatosplenomegaly (Wu et al., 2008).
Source: International Journal of Infectious Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Case Report Source Type: research
Mark E. Gray1,2*, James Meehan2,3, Paul Sullivan4, Jamie R. K. Marland4, Stephen N. Greenhalgh1, Rachael Gregson1, Richard Eddie Clutton1, Carol Ward2, Chris Cousens5, David J. Griffiths5, Alan Murray4 and David Argyle1 1The Royal (Dick) School of Veterinary Studies and Roslin Institute, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 2Cancer Research UK Edinburgh Centre and Division of Pathology Laboratories, Institute of Genetics and Molecular Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom 3School of Engineering and Physical Sciences, Institute of Sensors, Signals and Systems, Heriot-Watt Univer...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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