Syphilis in female sex workers: an epidemiological study of the highway system of the state of Pará, northern Brazil
CONCLUSIONS: Several characteristics of FSWs were identified, which reinforce the need for measures guaranteeing their health and protection.
ConclusionsIdiopathic granulomatous hypophysitis, a rare inflammatory disease of the pituitary gland, is a diagnosis of exclusion for which both medical and surgical management are reported in the literature. We present a case of idiopathic granulomatous hypophysitis who was symptom free with no complications of hypopituitarism following its transsphenoidal resection after 9 months of follow-up.
Twenty-one years ago, we thought we had syphilis licked. I recall when the requirement for a test for syphilis to apply for a marriage license was suspended in many districts. Public health experts recommended against routinely screening for syphilis because the incidence had fallen so low. By 1998, syphilis, for centuries incurable and prolific, seemed on the verge of extinction. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) tried to seize the moment, launching the Syphilis Elimination Effort (SEE).
In the context of a concerning increase in rates of syphilis and congenital syphilis in the United States, this Viewpoint discusses the importance of improving screening programs and diagnostics, and it argues for legislation, media coverage, and activism by patient advocacy groups and policy makers to remove the stigma of this resurgent sexually transmitted infection (STI).
AbstractThe first written record of intervention against what later came to be known as an infectious disease was in the early seventeenth century by a Buddhist nun. She dried 3 to 4 wk old scabs from patients with mild smallpox and asked well people to inhale the powder. More than a century later in 1796, Edward Jenner described vaccination against smallpox by using cowpox that later was found to be caused by cowpox virus which is non-pathogenic for humans. Another century later in 1890, Robert Koch published the Koch ’s Postulates allowing the study of pathogenic bacteria and subsequently the study of agents to fig...
PMID: 31727481 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) is a protozoan flagellate which usually dwells in the urogenital tract of humans. It is considered as a major cause of sexually transmitted disease (STD) (Satterwhite et al. 2013). TV is more prevalent than Chlamydia trachomatis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, and syphilis altogether (World Health Organization, 2011). However, it is excluded from public health STD awareness programs and is considered a neglected parasitic infection (www.cdc.gov/parasites/npi). It is not a reportable infection and approximately 250 million new cases occur every year (World Health Organization, 2011).
pez-Estebaranz JL PMID: 31722811 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Authors: Andreae CD, Smit DP, Makhoba NS, Kidd M, Walzl G, Chegou NN Abstract Purpose: To identify potential diagnostic biomarkers for herpetic and syphilitic uveitis.Methods: Blood samples were collected from 92 uveitis patients. Concentrations of 47 biomarkers were evaluated in unstimulated Quantiferon supernatants using the Luminex platform.Results: Results showed 11 patients (12%) had herpetic uveitis, 11 (12%) syphilis, 40 (43.5%) other infectious causes, 16 (17.4%) established noninfectious causes and 14 (15.2%) were idiopathic. Biomarker analysis revealed three proteins (Apo-A1, Apo-CIII, CRP) that differed ...
Conclusion Among the factors associated to SB were: hypertensive syndromes, amniotic sac infections, fetal malformations, placental abruption and syphilis. There was a growing trend in the number of cases of syphilis, which translates an alert. Diagnostic limitations justify indeterminate causes.Resumo Objetivo Avaliar aspectos relacionados à ocorrência da condição de natimortalidade em uma maternidade-escola na zona norte de São Paulo e possíveis tendências associadas aos fatores causais. Métodos Estudo observacional, transversal, realizado no Hospital Maternidadeescol...
Idiopathic T-CD4 lymphocytopenia (ICL) is a rare and heterogeneous syndrome characterized by opportunistic infections due to reduced CD4 T-lymphocytes (