Lung ultrasound beats chest x-ray for heart failure detection
Point-of-care lung ultrasound has a higher sensitivity than chest x-ray for...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: Lung ultrasound a practical tool for disease diagnosis Ultrasound finds more pneumonia than x-ray Ultrasound elevates diagnosis of pulmonary embolism AIUM: Lung US can handle diagnosis of pediatric pneumonia
CONCLUSIONS: Further studies are required in order to establish the complicated association between SARS-CoV-2 infection and its effects on the cardiovascular system. Our knowledge regarding diagnostic approaches, therapeutic management and preventive measures is constantly enriched throughout an abundance of ongoing research in the respective fields. PMID: 32472990 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Abstract Point-of-care ultrasonography (POCUS) is performed by a physician at the bedside and is standard practice in obstetric, emergency, and musculoskeletal medicine. When compared with formal sonography, POCUS is equivalent in screening for abdominal aortic aneurysm and as accurate in diagnosing deep venous thrombosis. POCUS has high accuracy for diagnosing pneumonia and detecting acute decompensated heart failure but is less accurate than computed tomography for identifying pulmonary embolism. POCUS confirmation of intrauterine pregnancy rules out an ectopic pregnancy. In the third trimester of high-risk preg...
CONCLUSIONS: The effect of PAP therapy on all-cause mortality was uncertain. In addition, although we found evidence that PAP therapy did not reduce the risk of cardiac-related mortality and rehospitalisation, there was some indication of an improvement in quality of life for heart failure patients with CSA. Furthermore, the evidence was insufficient to determine whether adverse events were more common with PAP than with usual care. These findings were limited by low- or very low-quality evidence. PAP therapy may be worth considering for individuals with heart failure to improve quality of life. PMID: 31797360 [PubMed - in process]
The follow up of hospitalized patients in the intensive care unit is carried out for a period of 6 months (June 2018 to December 2018). In total 24 COPD patients are received for tobacco and 18 COPD patients for biomass.The most comon cause of admission in COPD patients for tobacco were infectious (pneumonia 66%), cardiac causes (AMI: 16.5%), complications related to cancer (12.5%), cerebrovascular accident (5%) while in the group of COPD by biomass the most common causes were heart failure (44.4%), pulmonary thromboembolism (28%), cerebrovascular accident (16.6%) and infectious process (11%).Different biochemical paramete...
Conclusion: Amongst established risk factors for PPCs, central sleep apnoea was independently associated with MPCs.
ConclusionsThe overall VTE rate after CABG has been low. However, the condition has been associated with worse 30-day postoperative outcomes and complications. The independent predictors of VTE development included a history of bleeding disorders, congestive heart failure in the 30 days before surgery, and operative time of ≥310 minutes. Understanding these risk factors should aid physicians in the decisions regarding prophylaxis and treatment.
Discussion Pulmonary embolism (PE) is potentially life-threatening but fortunately rare event especially in the pediatric population. It was first described in children in 1861. PE is likely underreported because of minimal or non-specific clinical symptoms. The incidence is estimated at 0.05-4.2% with the 4.2% based on autopsy reports. It is probably also increasing as more central venous catheters (CVC) are used, and more children are surviving previously poor prognostic diseases. There is a bimodal distribution with cases
CONCLUSION: The proper treatment of pleural effusion can be determined only after meticulous differential diagnosis. The range of therapeutic options has recently become much wider. More data can be expected in the near future concerning diagnostic test- ing for the etiology of the effusion, better pleurodetic agents, the development of interventional techniques, and the genetic background of the affected patients. PMID: 31315808 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSIONS: Death during study treatment was mainly related to infections, and patients with advanced disease, high BMI, underlying comorbidities, CRFs and concomitant medications. If considered for study participation these patients need careful monitoring due to their higher risk for death on study. PMID: 31254201 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Conclusions: The mFI-5 is an independent predictor of postoperative morbidity and mortality in elderly patients undergoing surgery for hip fractures. This clinical tool can be used by hospitals and surgeons to identify high-risk patients, accurately council patients and families with transparency, and guide perioperative care to optimize patient outcomes. Level of Evidence: Prognostic Level III. See Instructions for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.