New book suggest ways to understand behavior and boost happiness in light of human evolution

We humans evolved to be social creatures. By gaining the skills to cooperate with others, we were able to stave off predators, eat more consistently, and care for each other’s young, allowing our genes to carry forward. So, why do we still struggle at times to get along—even to the extent that we war on one another? And how can understanding our evolutionary heritage help us have better relationships and more happiness today? There are the kinds of questions pondered in psychologist William Von Hippel’s book The Social Leap. Von Hippel explains that while evolution has shaped us to work together cooperatively to survive, it has also made us susceptible to the lure of competition and status in a way that can endanger our relationships and well-being. The book is partly a history of how we came to be the complex social creatures we are today, starting all the way back in early human development. Researchers are able to find clues about early hominid social behavior in fossil records and DNA or other markers—for example, examining fossil teeth of human ancestors in a particular region to conclude who migrated there and who were locals. Von Hippel draws on research from anthropology, paleontology, evolutionary biology, and more to explain how different developments drove the human race forward. Walking on two legs instead of four allowed early humans to protect themselves by throwing stones; storytelling propelled shared learning and an accu...
Source: SharpBrains - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognitive Neuroscience Education & Lifelong Learning development evolution happiness neurological prosocial social leap well-being Source Type: blogs

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Authors: Bennett D, Bargagli E, Refini RM, Rottoli P Abstract Introduction: The pathogenesis of sarcoidosis is not yet completely understood, although in recent years our knowledge has made considerable progress. Areas covered: This review aims to highlight the latest findings, identified from PubMed, EMBASE and Web of Science, on the pathogenetic mechanisms of sarcoidosis, considering the studies on potential environmental antigens, genetic background and host immune responses. Particular emphasis has been on recent studies on antigens, as it now seems clear that it is not a single, but various antigens of microbi...
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research
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Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research
Authors: Tanzella G, Motos A, Battaglini D, Meli A, Torres A Abstract Introduction: Community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) has the highest rate of mortality of all infectious diseases, especially among the elderly. Severe CAP (sCAP) is defined as a CAP in which intensive care management is required and is associated with an unfavorable clinical course. Areas covered: This review aims to identify prevention strategies for reducing the incidence of CAP and optimized management of sCAP. We highlight the main prevention approaches for CAP, focusing on the latest vaccination plans and on the influence of health-risk behavio...
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research
Authors: Abdel-Rahman O Abstract Objectives: The current study aims to evaluate the correlation between pre-diagnostic body mass index (BMI) as well as BMI trajectory in relation to lung cancer development and mortality risks. Methods: This analysis is based on Prostate, Lung, Colorectal, and Ovary (PLCO) trial datasets. Based on 145544 participants with complete information about pre-diagnostic BMI/BMI trajectory, associations of BMI measurements during adult life (at 20 years, 50 years and at enrolment into the study) with lung cancer development and mortality risks were determined. Multivariate Cox regression mo...
Source: Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Expert Rev Respir Med Source Type: research
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Source: Anatomy and Embryology - Category: Anatomy Source Type: research
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Source: Anatomy and Embryology - Category: Anatomy Source Type: research
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Source: Anatomy and Embryology - Category: Anatomy Source Type: research
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Source: Anatomy and Embryology - Category: Anatomy Source Type: research
Authors: Rtshiladze MA, Stretch JR, Scolyer RA, Guitera P PMID: 31414490 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Medical Journal of Australia - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med J Aust Source Type: research
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