Human Immunodeficiency Virus Diagnosis After a Syphilis, Gonorrhea, or Repeat Diagnosis Among Males Including non–Men Who Have Sex With Men: What Is the Incidence?

Conclusions Local health care providers should offer PrEP to MSM diagnosed with syphilis or gonorrhea and to non-MSM with a previous gonorrhea diagnosis at time of a syphilis or gonorrhea diagnosis. The high proportion and short time to an HIV diagnosis among MSM after a syphilis or gonorrhea diagnosis suggest immediate PrEP initiation.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: The Real World of STD Prevention Source Type: research

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The N.W.T. chief public health officer is issuing a public health advisory after seeing a dramatic rise in the rates of two STIs in the territory.
Source: CBC | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: News/Canada/North Source Type: news
Experts in Missouri and Iowa say syphilis is a growing problem in rural communities because the residents and doctors aren't used to dealing with the sexually transmitted disease.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Ishimaru N, Kanzawa Y, Seto H, Kinami S Abstract We herein report a patient with syphilitic cervicitis and cervical cancer presenting as oropharyngeal syphilis. A 31-year-old Japanese woman with a history of unprotected vaginal and oral sex visited our hospital with right submandibular adenomas and erythema in the extremities. The fornix uteri was red, with a nodule noted. The rapid plasma reagin ratio was 1:3. She was diagnosed with syphilitic cervicitis and treated with amoxicillin for four weeks. Initial cervical cytology showed cells with mild nuclear enlargement, which was thought to be metaplasia ass...
Source: Internal Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Intern Med Source Type: research
A novel tp0548 sequence-type of Treponema pallidum has been identified in a genital ulcer sample collected from a patient diagnosed with primary syphilis at the Hospital Universitari Vall d'Hebron in Barcelona. Following the nomenclature used in the Enhanced Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Typing methodology, letter “z” has been assigned to the new sequence type.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Notes Source Type: research
Conclusions Depo-medroxyprogesterone acetate and OCPs reduce the risk of trichomoniasis and DMPA may increase the risk of HSV-2. However, the potential for confounding cannot be ruled out. Future studies should specify the type of injectable or OCP used to increase understanding of biological pathways; more research is needed on implants and hormonal intrauterine devices.
Source: Sexually Transmitted Diseases - Category: Sexual Medicine Tags: Original Studies Source Type: research
This study, which included nearly 3,000 mostly gay and bisexual men in Australia who received daily HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP), reports on the association of bacterial sexually transmitted infections (STIs) by describing diagnoses of chlamydia, gonorrhea or syphilis among the men and behavioral risk factors.
Source: EurekAlert! - Infectious and Emerging Diseases - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
To evaluate the possibility that HIV preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) might lead to behavioral changes that increase risk of non-HIV sexually transmitted infections (STIs), this cohort study investigates the incidence of chlamydia, gonorrhea, and syphilis among a population of Australian gay and bisexual men before and after initiation of HIV PrEP.
Source: JAMA - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusions Apart West Nile virus (78), thousands of congenital microcephaly cases, fetal brain tissue damage and neurological syndromes have been associated with ZIKV infection. Unfortunately, the epidemics of this mosquito born, and a relative stable virus is on a rise. Although congenital microcephaly is a rare disorder however, due to lack of standardized diagnostic test facilities, the incidence in the geographically widespread ZIKV epidemic regions is higher. Animals studies showed that ZIKV is a neurotropic virus. It directly targets the developing embryonic brain cells by inducing apoptosis, cell-cycle arrest, and...
Source: Frontiers in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
In this study, we investigated the immunological changes in the levels of monocytes and Tregs and the associations between these cell types in HIV-1-infected MSM with syphilis. Methods Study Participants We enrolled 81 participants in this study. These individuals were assigned to four groups on the basis of serologic testing and HIV-1 results, namely, the rapid plasma reagin (RPR+) group, the CHI group, the CHI&RPR+ group, and the healthy control group. HIV-1 infection status was determined with the HIV-1/2 antigen/antibody combo enzyme immunoassay (Beijing Wantai Biological Medical Company, Beijing, China). Positive ...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
In this study it was assumed that there was no immunity following resolution of natural infection. The modeling demonstrated that a vaccine of moderate efficacy could have a significant impact on the prevalence of gonorrhea if strategically implemented (23). While encouraging it does, of course, depend on the availability of a vaccine. From Ecological Data to Evidence The epidemiological evidence from Cuba, Brazil, and New Zealand demonstrates that N. meningitidis OMV vaccines are possibly able to provide some broader protection against meningococcal disease (17, 24), particularly in older children and adults (25). These...
Source: Frontiers in Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Source Type: research
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