Effectiveness of therapy group in women with localized breast cancer

ConclusionsThe results show that the psychological intervention group is efficient to improve emotional state and quality of life of women with breast cancer.ResumenAntecedentes/ObjetivoEl cáncer de mama provoca niveles altos de ansiedad y depresión, empeorando la calidad de vida (CV) de las pacientes. En numerosos estudios se ha visto que la terapia grupal reduce la depresión y ansiedad además de mejorar la CV. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la efectividad de la intervención de la terapia grupal en el estado emocional y la CV de mujeres con cáncer de mama localizado al finalizar los tratamientos médicos.MétodoLa muestra consta de 100 mujeres diagnosticadas de cáncer de mama no metastásico, divididas en dos tipos de grupos de intervención (Autoestima-habilidades sociales y Terapia cognitivo-conductual). Los instrumentos de evaluación fueron el cuestionario Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy-Breast y la Escala Hospitalaria de Ansiedad y Depresión (HADS).ResultadosSe observa un efecto estadísticamente significativo de la terapia grupal en la reducción de la ansiedad y la depresión. Las medias de la CV y del bienestar emocional mejoran de manera significativa. Estos efectos se mantienen tres meses después de la intervención.ConclusionesLos resultados muestran la efectividad de los grupos de terapia para mujeres con cáncer de mama mejo...
Source: International Journal of Clinical and Health Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research

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In this study, we investigated whether and how SSRIs induce the death of human breast cancer MCF-7 cells. Of the antidepressants tested in this study (amitriptyline, bupropion, fluoxetine, paroxetine, and tianeptine), paroxetine most reduced the viability of MCF-7 cells in a time-and dose-dependent manner. The exposure of MCF-7 cells to paroxetine resulted in mitochondrion-mediated apoptosis, which is assessed by increase in the number of cells with sub-G1 DNA content, caspase-8/9 activation, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase cleavage, and Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and a reduction in the mitochondrial membrane potential. Paroxetine incre...
Source: Cancers - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
CONCLUSION Cognitive impairment can affect daily functioning, quality of life, and capacity to work in patients with cancer and those in remission. Consequently, cognitive assessment is now an important and necessary part of a comprehensive oncological care plan. Cancer-related cognitive impairment might be due to the direct effects of the cancer itself, nonspecific factors, or comorbid conditions that are independent of the disease and/or due to the adverse effects of the treatment or combination of treatments given for the disease. The prevalence and extent of cognitive impairment associated with cancer is recognized but...
Source: Innovations in Clinical Neuroscience - Category: Neuroscience Authors: Tags: Cognition Current Issue Neuro oncology Neurology Review cancer chemotherapy cognitive impairment neuropsychological assessment treatment Source Type: research
DISCUSSION Outcomes from this study will inform the feasibility and methodology for a future fully-powered RCT. TRIAL REGISTRATION Australian New Zealand Clinical Trials Registry with the identifier ACTRN12617000975392.
Source: Journal of Integrative Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
Conclusion: There is a vital need for the development of individualized interventions and psychosocial support programs tailored to the physical and psychological well-being of breast cancer patients in the Levant region. PMID: 29072421 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
ConclusionsNo association was seen between total FACT-COG or PCI, and neuropsychological domains. A weak-moderate association was found between PCA and attention/executive function and visual memory.Trial registrationThe study was registered withclinicaltrials.gov (trial registration: NCT00188331).Implications for cancer survivorsCognitive symptoms are associated with fatigue, anxiety/depression, and poorer quality of life, and do not appear to be related to actual cognitive performance. Rates were lower than that reported in breast cancer survivors. Cognitive symptoms were greatest in those who received chemotherapy, with...
Source: Journal of Cancer Survivorship - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
This study aimed to examine feasibility and to preliminary explore effectiveness of mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT) in Japanese breast cancer patients, and to explore possible modification of the program so that it fits better with this population.MethodsTwelve participants with diagnosis of Stage I –III breast cancer received an eight session, weekly MBCT intervention in a group therapy format. The participants were followed up until 3 months after the completion of the program.ResultsAll the participants completed the program with high attendance rate (mean number of attended sessions = 7.7). Significant...
Source: Japanese Journal of Clinical Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The results of this systematic review and meta-analysis revealed that HBMS programmes in breast cancer survivors appear to have a short-term beneficial effect of improving breast cancer-specific quality of life and global quality of life as measured by FACT-B and EORTC-C30, respectively. In addition, HBMS programmes are associated with a reduction in anxiety, fatigue and insomnia immediately after the intervention. We assessed the quality of evidence across studies as moderate for some outcomes, meaning that we are fairly confident about the results, while we assessed other outcomes as being low-quality, meani...
Source: Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Cochrane Database Syst Rev Source Type: research
This study evaluated the association between childhood trauma exposure, cortisol, and cognition in a sample of breast cancer survivors. 56 women completed measures of trauma exposure (the Traumatic Events Survey), salivary cortisol, and self-reported cognitive functioning (the Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Cognitive). We examined correlations between childhood trauma exposure and cognitive functioning, then used linear regression to control for factors associated with cognition (age, education, time since chemotherapy, depression, anxiety, and insomnia), and the MacArthur approach to test whether cortisol level...
Source: Child Abuse and Neglect - Category: Child Development Authors: Tags: Child Abuse Negl Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: The findings indicated the need for early, targeted psychological interventions seeking to gradually shift cancer patients' locus of control from external to internal in order to improve their quality of life and reduce their depression and anxiety. Moreover, health care providers by providing relevant information to cancer patients, especially for externally oriented patients, can reduce their uncertainty which in turn would improve their quality of life. PMID: 28279393 [PubMed - in process]
Source: European Journal of Oncology Nursing - Category: Nursing Authors: Tags: Eur J Oncol Nurs Source Type: research
ConclusionPatients ≤50 years old, 2–10 years post-treatment, treated with chemotherapy or SERM had increased SB and decreased QOL. Individualized interventions and programs can be developed to tailor to physical, educational, and psychosocial needs identified across the breast cancer continuum.
Source: Supportive Care in Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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