What makes the Asian bush mosquito Aedes japonicus japonicus feel comfortable in Germany? A fuzzy modelling approach

The Asian bush mosquito Aedes japonicus japonicus is an invasive species native to East Asia and has become established in North America and Europe. On both continents, the species has spread over wide areas. Sin...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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In conclusion, diclazuril is effective in attenuating Eimeria oocysts and thus provides an alternative approach for using diclazuril-treated oocysts to protect chicks against Eimeria challenge.
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
This study sought to evaluate spatial variation in encysted cyathostomin larval counts among the large intestinal organs and their subsections. Following humane euthanasia, ceca, ventral, and dorsal colons were harvested from 8 foals (aged 4-8 months) raised in an anthelmintic naïve parasitology research herd. Each organ was weighed and separated into 3 equal sections by length: the orad, intermediate, and aborad portions. From each of those sections, two 5% weight tissue samples were collected and digested to quantify the early third stage larvae (EL3) and late third stage larvae/fourth stage larvae (LL3/L4). A mixed...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2019Source: Journal of Microbiological MethodsAuthor(s): Fatemeh Rezaei, Mahdi Sharif, Shahabeddin Sarvi, Seyed Hossein Hejazi, Sargis Aghayan, Abdol Sattar Pagheh, Samira Dodangeh, Ahmad DaryaniAbstractToxoplasma gondii is a widespread obligatory intracellular parasite infecting humans and most of all other warm-blooded animals. Currently there is no any accepted vaccine for prevention of T. gondii infection. Many studies are focused on using of various excretory secretory antigens (ESA); and among them dense granule antigens (GRAs) being involved in parasite survival, virulenc...
Source: Journal of Microbiological Methods - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
Publication date: October 2019Source: Fish &Shellfish Immunology, Volume 93Author(s): Ying Wu, Yongcan Zhou, Zhenjie Cao, Yun Sun, Yang Chen, Yajing Xiang, Lu Wang, Shengnan Zhang, Weiliang GuoAbstractInterleukins (ILs) are a subgroup of cytokines, which are molecules involved in the intercellular regulation of the immune system. These cytokines have been extensively studied in mammalian models, but systematic analyses of fish are limited. In the current study, 3 IL genes from golden pompano (Trachinotus ovatus) were characterized. The IL-1β protein contains IL-1 family signature motif, and four long helices (&alp...
Source: Fish and Shellfish Immunology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Abstract: Head lice is a parasitic infestation common in children. Proper management is essential to treat lice in a safe, convenient, cost-effective, and efficacious manner. School lice policies are often antiquated and can stigmatize the child and family. Evidence-based care guidelines may significantly help families minimize the stress of lice.
Source: The Nurse Practitioner - Category: Nursing Tags: Feature: HEAD LICE Source Type: research
Authors: Siriwardana Y, Deepachandi B, Weliange SS, Udagedara C, Wickremarathne C, Warnasuriya W, Ranawaka RR, Kahawita I, Chandrawansa PH, Karunaweera ND Abstract Cutaneous leishmaniasis caused by a genetic variant of L. donovani is being reported from Sri Lanka since year 2001. Patients presented from different geographical locations (600 patients from North or South and a minority of cases from other foci, 2001-2013) were studied. Analysis revealed two different sociodemographic and clinical profiles of leishmaniasis in Northern and Southern Sri Lanka. Also, the same different profiles were present in these foci...
Source: Journal of Tropical Medicine - Category: Tropical Medicine Tags: J Trop Med Source Type: research
Introduction: Hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is a rare multisystem disorder characterized by blood eosinophilia ≥1500/mm3 for more than 6 months, lack of evidence for parasitic, allergic, or other known causes of eosinophilia and development of organ dysfunction and/or damage.1 Cutaneous involvement varies from commonly seen manifestations like nonspecific rash, urticaria, angioedema, pruritic papules to le ss common manifestations like mucosal ulcers, eosinophilic vasculitis, erythema annulare centrifugum and erythroderma.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
Autosensitization dermatitis, or Id reaction, is a cutaneous phenomenon in which an acute secondary dermatitis develops at a location distant from a primary inflammatory focus due to excess circulation of cytokines. Autosensitization frequently results from cases of infection, and multiple infectious organisms including bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungi have been shown to cause reactions at sites distant to the infection. Many cutaneous morphologies have been reported in Id reactions. There are several case reports of dental infection associated with symptoms of rosacea.
Source: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology - Category: Dermatology Source Type: research
This study compared the performance of filter papers used for the preparation of dried blood spots (DBS) in detecting Plasmodium by PCR. Whole blood spiked with P. falciparum-infected erythrocytes to obtain samples with various levels of parasitemia were applied to Whatman 3MM Chr papers, FTA Cards, or FTA Elute Cards to prepare the DBS. DNA was purified from the DBS using a DNA purification kit and used as the template for nested PCR. In probit analysis, the estimated limit of detection (LoD) was 5.5 parasites/μL blood for Whatman 3MM Chr papers and FTA Cards and 1.6 parasites/μL blood for the FTA Elute Card. This r...
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 20 August 2019Source: Parasitology InternationalAuthor(s): Stefan Momčilović, Simona Gabrielli, Milan Golubović, Tanja Smilić, Miljan Krstić, Saša Đenić, Marina Ranđelović, Suzana Tasić-OtaševićAbstractWhen presented in unusual manner, human dirofilariosis is hard to recognize and often leads to misdiagnosis and unjustified use of various medications. Herein, we report a rare case of Dirofilaria infection localized in buccal mucosa.A 45-year-old male, residing in the Central Serbia, developed striking edema of buccal mucosa followed by leucocytosis, with both neut...
Source: Parasitology International - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
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