Genetic and morphological evidence for a new species of the Maculatus Group of Anopheles subgenus Cellia (Diptera: Culicidae) in Java, Indonesia

Anopheles maculatus, a species of the Maculatus Group of subgenus Cellia (Diptera: Culicidae), is an important vector of human malarial protozoa in Java, Indonesia. However, the identity of this species in Indone...
Source: Parasites and Vectors - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Research Source Type: research

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This week's case was donated by Florida Fan and one of his coworkers who found this beauty in some fresh salmon:Posterior end: Anterior end:Identification?
Source: Creepy Dreadful Wonderful Parasites - Category: Parasitology Source Type: blogs
Publication date: Available online 17 August 2019Source: Small Ruminant ResearchAuthor(s): B. Lambacher, C.M. Frei, J. Schoiswohl, A. Tichy, J. Elmer, J. Frei, R. Krametter-FrötscherAbstractDue to the growing importance of endoparasitoses in Austrian lambs this study evaluated the prevalence of gastrointestinal strongylids (GIS) in 221 lambs at slaughter, focusing on the prevalence of Haemonchus contortus. The study also assessed associations between clinical signs, adult infestation of the abomasa and faecal excretion of strongylid eggs. From faecal examinations, 65.6% of lambs were positive for strongylids. Larval c...
Source: Small Ruminant Research - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
In this study, 13-15-months-old Holstein-Friesian steers were immunised with a subunit vaccine as a prime and a modified vaccinia Ankara vector as a boost, both expressing a chimeric multi-antigen (rMABbo – rMVA). This antigen includes the immunodominant B and T cell epitopes of three B. bovis proteins: merozoite surface antigen - 2c (MSA - 2c), rhoptry associated protein 1 (RAP - 1) and heat shock protein 20 (HSP20). Responses were compared with the Babesia bovis live attenuated vaccine used in Argentina (R1A). Eleven weeks after the first immunisation, all bovines were challenged by the inoculation of a virulent B....
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
In conclusion, it is recommended that in addition to direct microscopic examination, the use of additional methods such as culture and PCR will be useful in routine laboratory diagnosis of Blastocystis spp. The distribution of Blastocystis subtype in Aydin is mainly in accordance with the global findings. Lack of a relationship between Blastocystis spp. İnfection and symptoms in our study was supported the idea that Blastocystis spp. infection is mostly asymptomatic in humans and it may be a member of healthy microbiota. PMID: 31414632 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Mikrobiyoloji Bulteni - Category: Microbiology Tags: Mikrobiyol Bul Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and WildlifeAuthor(s): Lana Harriott, Matthew Gentle, Rebecca Traub, Rowland Cobbold, Ricardo Soares MagalhãesAbstractThe transmission of zoonotic pathogens associated with wildlife in peri-urban environments can be influenced by the interplay of numerous socioecological factors. Echinococcus granulosus is known to be common within peri-urban wild dog populations however knowledge of the factors that influence its presence is limited. We investigated the demographic distribution of the Index of Potential Contam...
Source: International Journal for Parasitology: Parasites and Wildlife - Category: Parasitology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 16 August 2019Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Ilaria Pascucci, Marco Di Domenico, Giulia Capobianco Dondona, Annapia Di Gennaro, Andrea Polci, Andrea Capobianco Dondona, Elisa Mancuso, Cesare Cammà, Giovanni Savini, Jacopo G. Cecere, Fernando Spina, Federica MonacoAbstractThe continuous flow of billions of birds between Africa and Europe creates an “ecological bridge” between physically remote areas. Migratory birds fly south from their breeding grounds during late summer/fall and fly back in spring. These movements regulate the spread of internal and ex...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 August 2019Source: Ticks and Tick-borne DiseasesAuthor(s): Jiří Černý, Buyantogtokh Buyannemekh, Tersia Needham, Gantulga Gankhuyag, Dashzeveg OyuntsetsegAbstractTicks and tick-borne pathogens (TBPs) pose a considerable threat to human and animal health in Mongolia; a large and sparsely inhabited country whose economy is largely dependent on animal production. Intensive contact between herdsmen and their livestock, together with the use of pastures without fencing, allows contact between wildlife, domestic animals and humans, thus creating ideal conditions for epizoonos...
Source: Ticks and Tick borne Diseases - Category: Zoology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 August 2019Source: Veterinary ParasitologyAuthor(s): Ana Vitória Verde Oliveira Rocha, Brenda Fernanda Sodré Moreno, Aline Diniz Cabral, Nayara Mendes Louzeiro, Leandro Macedo Miranda, Vivian Magalhães Brandão dos Santos, Francisco Borges Costa, Rita de Maria Seabra Nogueira, Arlei Marcili, Márcia Aparecida Sperança, Andréa Pereira da CostaAbstractVisceral leishmaniasis is a zoonotic disease caused by Leishmania infantum for which dogs are the main reservoir. In South America, presence of this disease is expanding along with increasing d...
Source: Veterinary Parasitology - Category: Veterinary Research Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: The VK210 variant is the most frequently observed in the studied region and there is significant genetic variability in the CRR of the P. vivax CSP. Moreover, the antimalarial drug sensitivity profiles of the isolates does not seem to be related to the VK210 subtypes. PMID: 31411308 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Memorias do Instituto Oswaldo Cruz - Category: Infectious Diseases Authors: Tags: Mem Inst Oswaldo Cruz Source Type: research
Human faeces from 900BC Must Farm reveal widespread intestinal worm infectionThe clutch of homes that stood on stilts in the wetland fens of East Anglia were the envy of the local peasantry 3,000 years ago. But amid the remains of the grand wooden huts and the belongings of the well-to-do residents lurked evidence that all was not well atMust Farm, Britain ’s premier bronze age settlement.Firm, sausage-shaped lumps found skulking in the mud that swallowed the settlement after a catastrophic fire have been identified as pieces of faeces. Inside these deposits researchers found a grim array of tiny eggs – the cal...
Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Archaeology Infectious diseases Biology Science Peterborough UK news Source Type: news
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