Modeling the Effect of High Calorie Diet on the Interplay between Adipose Tissue, Inflammation, and Diabetes.

In this study, we investigate in silico the effect of overfeeding on the adipose tissue and the consequent set up of an inflammatory state. We model the emergence of the inflammation as the result of adipose mass increase which, in turn, is a direct consequence of a prolonged excess of high calorie intake. Results: The model reproduces the fat accumulation due to excessive caloric intake observed in two clinical studies. Moreover, while showing consistent weight gains over long periods of time, it reveals a drift of the macrophage population toward the proinflammatory phenotype, thus confirming its association with fatness. PMID: 30863457 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine - Category: Statistics Tags: Comput Math Methods Med Source Type: research

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Conditions:   Diabetes;   Obesity Interventions:   Other: tDNA-MI group;   Other: tDNA-CC group;   Other: UC group Sponsor:   International Medical University Completed
Source: - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionA large number of people's dietary habit has strong association with diabetic risk profile among type-2 diabetic patients.
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Resumo Investigar os fatores associados ao controle glic êmico de pessoas com diabetes mellitus (DM). Estudo transversal realizado com 746 pessoas com DM tipo 2 e 40 anos ou mais de idade. Elegeu-se as seguintes variáveis: socioeconômicas, dados clínicos, estilo de vida e o risco para o desenvolvimento de úlceras nos pés. A coleta dos dados ocorreu por meio de entrevista, análise do prontuário e exame clínico dos membros inferiores. Utilizou-se o modelo de regressão múltipla de Poisson para determinação das razões de preval&ecir...
Source: Ciencia e Saude Coletiva - Category: Occupational Health Source Type: research
This study, titled “UK First NHS EndoBarrier Service for Advanced Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity: One-Year Outcomes in All Patients Treated,” is based on data collected from the first implant in October 2014 to the last explant in November 2018, a total patient population of 61. The primary outcome of HbA1c, weight, CVD risk factors and alanine aminotransferase (ALT — a liver fat measure) show a significant reduction at explant compared to baseline values. Of the 61 patients studied, 35 were on insulin prior to treatment. At explant, 10 of the 35 (28.6%) discontinued their...
Source: MDDI - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Business Source Type: news
The day includes cookery classes for bereaved men and exercise sessions for people with cancer and mental health issues Related items fromOnMedica Diabetes and obesity higher among LGBQ teens Making health changes more effective as a couple What promotes uptake and retention in group-based weight management services? Preventing type 2 diabetes Warning issued on high sugar content in snacks
Source: OnMedica Latest News - Category: UK Health Source Type: news
AbstractThe World Health Organization defines overweight and obesity as the condition where excess or abnormal fat accumulation increases risks to health. The prevalence of obesity is increasing worldwide and is around 20% in ICU patients. Adipose tissue is highly metabolically active, and especially visceral adipose tissue has a deleterious adipocyte secretory profile resulting in insulin resistance and a chronic low-grade inflammatory and procoagulant state. Obesity is strongly linked with chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, dyslipidemia, non-alcoholic fatty liver disease, chr...
Source: Intensive Care Medicine - Category: Intensive Care Source Type: research
GI Dynamics (ASX:GID) said a retrospective study of its EndoBarrier device for patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity shows a significant reduction in HbA1c, weight, liver fat and cardiovascular disease (CVD) risks as well as a reduction in the need for insulin in some patients. The EndoBarrier device is a plastic gut sleeve designed to prevent the absorption of nutrients from food as it exits the stomach and enters the intestinal tract, according to the Lexington, Mass.-based company. Get the full story on our sister site, Medical Design &Outsourcing. The post GI Dynamics touts results of U.K. study appeared first on MassDevice.
Source: Mass Device - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Blog Business/Financial News Clinical Trials Diabetes Featured News Well Research & Development Surgical Source Type: news
Metabolic disorders such as insulin resistance, obesity, and hyperglycemia are prominent risk factors for the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD)/steatohepatitis (NASH). Dietary rodent mod...
Source: BMC Gastroenterology - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
In conclusion, our results suggest that the newly synthesized BMH473 is beneficial for maintaining glucose and lipid homeostasis in type 2 diabetic rats, and exhibits better anti - hyperlipidemic effects compared to metformin and berberine. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. PMID: 30883863 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol Source Type: research
Pharmacogenomics, Ahead of Print.
Source: Future Medicine: Pharmacogenomics - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Authors: Source Type: research
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