Excess weight and gastrointestinal symptoms in Chilean celiac patients at the time of diagnosis.

CONCLUSIONS: further studies are needed to jointly assess energy intake and intestinal absorption in these patients, in order to explain the high rate of excess weight. PMID: 30859843 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Revista Espanola de Enfermedades Digestivas - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Rev Esp Enferm Dig Source Type: research

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CONCLUSION: gluten-free diet, as followed by celiac patients, usually entails certain deficiencies such as group-B vitamins, vitamin D, calcium, iron, folic acid, and fiber, which is mainly due to the poor nutritional quality of gluten-free products as compared to their equivalents with gluten, and a scarce monitoring by health professionals. PMID: 32960627 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Nutricion Hospitalaria - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Nutr Hosp Source Type: research
I do not have to stress how important a role food and eating play in our lives. Food is at the base in Maslow’s hierarchy of our needs; it is essential for our survival. It shows perfectly the creativity of humankind: food exists in the richest variety of ingredients, forms, shapes, tastes and colors all over the world from the Greenlandic kiviak (dozens of small birds stuffed into a seal fermented under a rock) through the Liquid Pea Sphere of molecular gastronomy to the tagliatelle with hand-cut meat ragout from the world’s best restaurant, Osteria Francescana. The advent of novel digital health tools will ra...
Source: The Medical Futurist - Category: Information Technology Authors: Tags: Future of Food 3d printing genomics Innovation technology GC1 sensors nutrigenomics food sensors Source Type: blogs
Abstract Emerging information suggests that gastrointestinal and systemic pathology states may affect expression and function of membrane transporters in the gastrointestinal tract. Altered status of the transporters could affect drug as well as endogenous compounds handling with subsequent clinical consequences. It seems that in some pathologies, e.g., liver or kidney failure, changes in the intestinal transporter function provide compensatory functions, eliminating substrates excreted by dysfunctional organs. A literature search was conducted on Ovid and Pubmed databases to select relevant in vitro, animal and h...
Source: Pharmacological Reports - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Pharmacol Rep Source Type: research
Introduction: There is evidence that caesarean section (CS) is associated with increased risk of childhood obesity, asthma, and coeliac disease. The gut microbiota of CS-born babies differs to those born vaginally, possibly due to reduced exposure to maternal vaginal bacteria during birth. Vaginal seeding is a currently unproven practice intended to reduce such differences, so that the gut microbiota of CS-born babies is similar to that of babies born vaginally. Our pilot study, which uses oral administration as a novel form of vaginal seeding, will assess the degree of maternal strain transfer and overall efficacy of th...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Study Protocol Clinical Trial Source Type: research
Conclusions: Parental diabetes is associated with an increased risk of overweight among children, independent of parental education. Concomitant parental diabetes and overweight should be particularly alarming criteria when prioritizing preventive interventions at an early age. PMID: 32271617 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Childhood Obesity - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Tags: Child Obes Source Type: research
Abstract All large population-based administrative studies currently indicate a significant comorbidity of adult attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with addictive, anxiety and in particular affective disorders. In these investigations the risk for one of these comorbid disorders increased with increasing age of the ADHD patients. The most recent genome-wide association and correlation studies also revealed indications for joint genetic risk factors of ADHD with, in particular unipolar depression, bipolar disorder, autism spectrum disorders, Tourette's syndrome and to a lesser extent schizophrenia...
Source: Der Nervenarzt - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Nervenarzt Source Type: research
AbstractBackgroundCeliac disease (CD) is a systemic inflammatory disease, which primarily affects the gastrointestinal tract. It has been recently demonstrated that adipose-tissue infiltration by proinflammatory immune cells causes a chronic low-grade inflammation in obese patients. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) has already proved to be useful in evaluation of inflammatory states. The aim of the present study was to determine whether alterations of visceral and subcutaneous adipose tissue, identified with MRI, could serve as markers of local and systemic inflammation in patients with CD.MethodsA pilot study was conducte...
Source: Techniques in Coloproctology - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
;llertz A Abstract The release and absorption profile of an oral medication is influenced by the physicochemical properties of the drug and its formulation, as well as by the anatomy and physiology of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract. During drug development the bioavailability of a new drug is typically assessed in early clinical studies in a healthy adult population. However, many disease conditions are associated with an alteration of the anatomy and/or physiology of the GI tract. The same holds true for some subpopulations, such as paediatric or elderly patients, or populations with different ethnicity. The var...
Source: European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Authors: Tags: Eur J Pharm Sci Source Type: research
AbstractThe terminology “gut-brain axis “points out a bidirectional relationship between the GI system and the central nervous system (CNS). To date, several researches have shown that migraine is associated with some gastrointestinal (GI) disorders such as Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection, irritable bowel syndrome ( IBS), and celiac disease (CD). The present review article aims to discuss the direct and indirect evidence suggesting relationships between migraine and the gut-brain axis. However, the mechanisms explaining how the gut and the brain may interact in patients with migraine are not entirely clear. ...
Source: The Journal of Headache and Pain - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Specific signs and symptoms, chronic conditions, a greater comorbidity burden, and specific pharmacological treatments registered in primary care databases represent relevant predictors and correlates of incident IDA in older people in Europe. General practitioners might employ this information to obtain early diagnosis of IDA in community-dwelling older adults. PMID: 31893385 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Aging Clinical and Experimental Research - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Tags: Aging Clin Exp Res Source Type: research
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