The Important Role of Potatoes, An Underrated Vegetable Food Crop in Human Health and Nutrition

Despite frequently being described as a carbohydrate-laden, calorie-rich unimportant part of the human diet, potatoes (Solanum tuberosum L.) are one of the most nutritive vegetable food crops in the world and, in comparison to most other vegetables are richer in essential human nutrients. These include proteins, starch and fibre, major, secondary and trace minerals, vitamins, antioxidants and phytochemicals. Potatoes have an abundance of vitamin C and the mineral potassium (K) which are vital for health. Potassium reduces the risk of Blood Pressure (BP), cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), osteoporosis and strokes. Vitamin C helps reduce strokes and hypertension and prevents scurvy. The predominant form of carbohydrate (CHO) in the potato is starch. A small but significant part of this starch is resistant to digestion by enzymes in the stomach and small intestine, so it reaches the large intestine essentially intact. This resistant starch is considered to have similar physiological effects and health benefits as fibre. A medium size potato (148 g) contains 4 g protein and very small amount of fat or cholesterol. The fibre content of a potato with skin is equivalent to that of many whole grain breads and pastas. Potatoes contain rather large amount of the enzyme catalase, which converts hydrogen peroxide into oxygen and water and thus prevents cell injury. Potatoes contain phytochemicals such as lutein and zeaxanthin; which protect and preserve eyesight and may help reduce the ris...
Source: Current Nutrition and Food Science - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research

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Some authors have hypothesised that life expectancy at birth could reach 100 years in developed countries in the next decades. Using recent data for French women, it is shown that life expectancy changes from 1993 to 2016 are mainly linked to mortality rates of oldest women. In recent years, it happened that life expectancy of French women oscillated, because of for instance influenza epidemics killing mainly oldest frail people. It is hypothesised that in coming years, life expectancy of French women (and one day of men?) will only very slightly increase and will show oscillations because of increased mortality the years ...
Source: Gerontology - Category: Geriatrics Source Type: research
Conclusion: In patients with PPI-refractory GERD, VPZ provides more potent gastric acid suppression, more effective EAE control, enhanced symptom improvement, and better esophagitis healing than PPIs.Digestion
Source: Digestion - Category: Gastroenterology Source Type: research
Authors: Leblanc C, Vasse C, Minodier P, Mornand P, Naudin J, Quinet B, Siriez JY, Sorge F, de Suremain N, Thellier M, Kendjo E, Faye A, Imbert P Abstract Since the 2007 French guidelines on imported Falciparum malaria, the epidemiology, treatment, and prevention of malaria have changed considerably requiring guidelines for all Plasmodium species to be updated. Over the past decade, the incidence of imported malaria has decreased in all age groups, reflecting the decrease in the incidence of malaria in endemic areas. The rates of severe pediatric cases have increased as in adults, but fatalities are rare. The paras...
Source: Medecine et Maladies Infectieuses - Category: Infectious Diseases Tags: Med Mal Infect Source Type: research
ConclusionEVA® and MRI provide precise objective assessment of VPI. Retropharyngeal lipostructure is a simple, relatively non-invasive, reproducible technique, providing good results in VPI.
Source: European Annals of Otorhinolaryngology, Head and Neck Diseases - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Arcangelo Barbonetti, Alessio Martorella, Elisa Minaldi, Settimio D'Andrea, Dorian Bardhi, Chiara Castellini, Felice Francavilla, Sandro Francavilla
Source: Frontiers in Endocrinology - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research
Authors: Fallah J, Olszewski AJ Abstract OBJECTIVES: To examine the use of splenectomy, chemotherapy, and subsequent overall survival (OS) in contemporary patients with splenic lymphomas. METHODS: We analyzed records of 6450 patients with various splenic lymphomas recorded in the National Cancer Data Base (2004-2013). Survival was compared using Mantel-Byer test to account for guarantee-time bias, stratified by age, sex, comorbidities, and lymphoma stage. RESULTS: Splenectomy rate was overall 58%, and varied from 49% in splenic marginal zone (SMZL) to 77% in follicular lymphoma (FL). It significantly decrea...
Source: Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Hematology Source Type: research
Authors: Peixoto A, Martins Rocha T, Santos-Antunes J, Aguiar F, Bernardes M, Vaz C, Pereira P, Macedo G Abstract The authors report the case of a 76 year-old man with rheumatoid arthritis treated with prednisolone and etanercept. The patient was seen for persistent changes in liver tests lasting for six months, with a mixed pattern. The patient denied intake of new drugs or dietary/herbal supplements. Imaging studies showed mild steatosis. Additional study for chronic liver diseases only revealed positivity for anti-nuclear antibodies. Liver biopsy revealed noncaseating granulomas in some portal tracts. Consequent...
Source: Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Acta Gastroenterol Belg Source Type: research
Authors: Werion A, Komuta M, Descamps OS, Henrion J PMID: 30888760 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Acta Gastroenterol Belg Source Type: research
Authors: Komen N, Dewint P, Van den Broeck S, Pauli S, de Schepper H Abstract The field of rectal cancer treatment is a dynamic and changing field, due to better understanding of the pathology and new medical treatment options, but perhaps mostly due to innovations in the surgical approach. Surgery is the cornerstone for rectal cancer treatment. Currently, Total Mesorectal Excision is the gold standard. After evolution towards laparoscopic TME, improving technology has led to the development of platforms that allow transanal TME and robotic TME. In addition, local excision can be performed safer and more accurately...
Source: Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Acta Gastroenterol Belg Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: For some patients with gastrointestinal symptoms and peripheral eosinophilia, a high suspicion of EG is necessary and multiple endoscopic examinations might be helpful in diagnosis of EG. Most patients with EG could achieve remission after with the treatment of steroid or dietary elimination therapy. PMID: 30888747 [PubMed - in process]
Source: Acta Gastro-Enterologica Belgica - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: Acta Gastroenterol Belg Source Type: research
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