Venezuela's public health crisis: a regional emergency
Publication date: Available online 11 March 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Kathleen R Page, Shannon Doocy, Feliciano Reyna Ganteaume, Julio S Castro, Paul Spiegel, Chris BeyrerSummaryThe economic crisis in Venezuela has eroded the country's health-care infrastructure and threatened the public health of its people. Shortages in medications, health supplies, interruptions of basic utilities at health-care facilities, and the emigration of health-care workers have led to a progressive decline in the operational capacity of health care. The effect of the crisis on public health has been difficult to quantify since the Venezuelan Ministry of Health stopped publishing crucial public health statistics in 2016. We prepared a synthesis of health information, beyond what is available from other sources, and scholarly discussion of engagement strategies for the international community. Data were identified through searches in MEDLINE, PubMed, and the grey literature, through references from relevant articles, and governmental and non-governmental reports, and publicly available databases. Articles published in English and Spanish until Dec 1, 2018, were included. Over the past decade, public health measures in Venezuela have substantially declined. From 2012 to 2016, infant deaths increased by 63% and maternal mortality more than doubled. Since 2016, outbreaks of the vaccine-preventable diseases measles and diphtheria have spread throughout the region. From 2016 to 2017, Venezuela had...
Reported cases of mumps and pertussis have risen in the US in recent years even though many people are vaccinated. As part of the FDA commitment to protect the public health, FDA scientists are working to learn why more cases are occurring.
Thirty-two people tested positive for the flu, the U.S. Border Patrol said
Conclusions: Our results revealed that PCSK9 inhibition may moderately improve breast cancer outcomes while having no harmful effects in tumor-bearing mice. PMID: 31110521 [PubMed]
Authors: Momtazi-Borojeni AA, Nik ME, Jaafari MR, Banach M, Sahebkar A Abstract Introduction: Inhibition of proprotein convertase subtilisin/kexin 9 (PCSK9) is an effective therapeutic tool for lowering low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). There is no available evidence on the efficacy and safety of PCSK9 inhibitors in non-cardiovascular diseases, particularly cancer. The present study aimed to evaluate the effect of PCSK9 inhibition on cancer endpoints in mice bearing colon carcinoma, using a nanoliposomal antiPCSK9 vaccine. Material and methods: The prepared nanoliposomal antiPCSK9 vaccine was subcuta...
Authors: Otero MÁ, Liu CH, Ampuero J, Llorca R, Vargas M, Vargas-Romero J, Romero-Gómez M Abstract INTRODUCTION AND AIM: The detection of hepatitis B virus (HBV) depends on primary care center activity. The present study aims to investigate the impact of peer-to-peer sessions with hepatologists on hepatitis B screening efficacy in primary care centers. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Peer-to-peer one-hour sessions were scheduled to improve the screening program for HBV in Seville, Spain. The sessions were focused on who should be tested for HBV and how positive cases should be referred. Fourteen out of 26 h...
CONCLUSION: Cholesterol overloads not only trigger hepatic damage, but also affect the gallbladder significantly. PMID: 31104801 [PubMed - in process]
CONCLUSION: The results of the study suggest that the interplay of external and internal factors must be investigated more thoroughly to better address the question of phonetic variation and phonologisation of contrasts in the context of language change. PMID: 31112961 [PubMed - in process]
The latest Ebola outbreak has killed nearly 1,100 people in the Democratic Republic of Congo. At the epicenter of the outbreak, there's a danger that may be even greater than the disease. Debora Patta reports.
Publication date: Available online 21 May 2019Source: Neuroscience &Biobehavioral ReviewsAuthor(s): Angela Jacques, Nicholas Chaaya, Kate Beecher, Syed Aoun Ali, Arnauld Belmer, Selena BartlettAbstractIn 2016 the World Health Organization reported 39% of the world’s adult population (over 18 y) was overweight, with western countries such as Australia and the United States of America at 64.5% and 67.9% respectively. Overconsumption of high fat/sugar containing food and beverages contribute to the development of obesity. Neural plasticity that occurs as a result of long term sugar consumption has been shown to redu...
More than 30 migrants have tested positive for influenza at a major processing center on the Mexican border that was temporarily closed to stop the outbreak
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