Venezuela's public health crisis: a regional emergency

Publication date: Available online 11 March 2019Source: The LancetAuthor(s): Kathleen R Page, Shannon Doocy, Feliciano Reyna Ganteaume, Julio S Castro, Paul Spiegel, Chris BeyrerSummaryThe economic crisis in Venezuela has eroded the country's health-care infrastructure and threatened the public health of its people. Shortages in medications, health supplies, interruptions of basic utilities at health-care facilities, and the emigration of health-care workers have led to a progressive decline in the operational capacity of health care. The effect of the crisis on public health has been difficult to quantify since the Venezuelan Ministry of Health stopped publishing crucial public health statistics in 2016. We prepared a synthesis of health information, beyond what is available from other sources, and scholarly discussion of engagement strategies for the international community. Data were identified through searches in MEDLINE, PubMed, and the grey literature, through references from relevant articles, and governmental and non-governmental reports, and publicly available databases. Articles published in English and Spanish until Dec 1, 2018, were included. Over the past decade, public health measures in Venezuela have substantially declined. From 2012 to 2016, infant deaths increased by 63% and maternal mortality more than doubled. Since 2016, outbreaks of the vaccine-preventable diseases measles and diphtheria have spread throughout the region. From 2016 to 2017, Venezuela had...
Source: The Lancet - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research

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Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak Infectious diseases Medical research Science Schools Education Nursing Health Society Microbiology Homelessness Social exclusion Housing Poverty Communities Source Type: news
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Source: Guardian Unlimited Science - Category: Science Authors: Tags: Coronavirus outbreak Infectious diseases Science US news UK news Source Type: news
Publication date: Available online 2 July 2020Source: EpidemicsAuthor(s): Stefan Engblom, Robin Eriksson, Stefan Widgren
Source: Epidemics - Category: Epidemiology Source Type: research
OBJECTIVE: To combat the growing opioid epidemic, people who use drugs need access to medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) as part of comprehensive treatment. Despite progress, treatment gaps remain. Our objective was to use a geospatial buffering mo...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Alcohol and Other Drugs Source Type: news
Abstract SUMMARYClinical symptoms of active tuberculosis (TB) can range from a simple cough to more severe reactions, such as irreversible lung damage and, eventually, death, depending on disease progression. In addition to its clinical presentation, TB has been associated with several other disease-induced systemic complications, such as hyponatremia and glucose intolerance. Here, we provide an overview of the known, although ill-described, underlying biochemical mechanisms responsible for the clinical and systemic presentations associated with this disease and discuss novel hypotheses recently generated by vario...
Source: Clinical Microbiology Reviews - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Clin Microbiol Rev Source Type: research
This study sought to investigate the expression and diagnostic value of serum miR-145 in TB patients and explore the biological function of miR-145 using macrophages. Serum expression levels of miR-145 were estimated by quantitative real-time PCR. A receiver operating characteristic curve was plotted to evaluate the diagnostic accuracy of miR-145. This study further focused on the effects of miR-145 on cell viability and inflammation in macrophages upon Mtb infection, and explored the potential target gene of miR-145. Serum expression levels of miR-145 were decreased in TB patients, and the upregulated inflammatory cytokin...
Source: Mol Biol Cell - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Genet Mol Biol Source Type: research
Authors: Stanescu-Segall D, Sales de Gauzy T, Reynolds R, Faes L, Pohlmann D, Pakzad-Vaezi K, Ting D, Saadoun D, Ambati J, Loewenstein A, Bodaghi B, de Smet MD, Touhami S Abstract INTRODUCTION: Routine medical and ophthalmic care is being drastically curtailed in the context of the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic. Uveitis patients require particular attention because of their theoretical risk of viral infection, in the context of therapeutic immunosuppression. AREAS COVERED: This collaborative work proposes practical management and follow-up criteria for uveitis patients in...
Source: Expert Review of Clinical Immunology - Category: Allergy & Immunology Tags: Expert Rev Clin Immunol Source Type: research
How do the following topics sound when talking about the respective prompts: Diversity 1) Work as a city councilman as a college student and trying to enact health-focused ordinances while balancing opposing viewpoints/leadership I can bring to class 2) Work as an ESL teacher to native Spanish speaking adults and explore further what I learned about communication and helping others navigate unfamiliar situations Adversity 1) struggles with weight I had when I was younger... Another Diversity/Adversity Question
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Pre-Medical - MD Source Type: forums
Hi all! I was thinking through some topics to talk about for my Diversity and Adversity secondaries. I'd greatly appreciate feedback on these ideas! Diversity Trilingual: I'm Chinese, and so I grew up speaking Mandarin around my house and then I also took Chinese for a year in college to learn how to read/write it. I learned Spanish first in high school, but then became surrounded/immersed in Spanish (my best friend from high school is Mexican and her family would speak... Yet another Diversity/Adversity post
Source: Student Doctor Network - Category: Universities & Medical Training Authors: Tags: Pre-Medical - MD Source Type: forums
Source: Reuters: Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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