Nuclear protein of the testis midline carcinoma in the oral cavity: retrospective review of those initially diagnosed as poorly differentiated squamous cell carcinoma using an anti-C52B1 antibody

Nuclear protein of the testis (NUT) midline carcinomas (NMC) are malignant epithelial tumours that have chromosomal rearrangements of the gene encoding NUT at 15q14. NMC is typically an aggressive fatal cancer, clinically overlaps with other carcinomas, and differential diagnosis is difficult. The purpose of this study was to investigate NMC in poorly differentiated oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) with a retrospective analysis based on anti-C52B1 immunohistochemical staining. An anti-C52B1 antibody was used for immunohistochemical staining in all 27 primary tumours, and the prevalence and pathological features of NMC in the oral cavity were examined.
Source: International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery - Category: ENT & OMF Authors: Tags: Clinical Paper Source Type: research

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The carcinogenesis in the oral cavity occurs as a multistep process and is often preceded by potentially malignant lesions. The main risk factors for the development of oral cancer are smoking and alcohol intake. The current challenge is to identify patients at greatest risk for the development of oral cancer using noninvasive and effective methods. The aim of this study is to evaluate the microsatellite mutations in the 9p21 locus, the cell proliferative activity, the pattern of epithelial desquamation, and the nucleus/cytoplasm ratio of exfoliated epithelial cells. Cytopathological samples were collected from 131 individ...
Source: European Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Oral Cancer Source Type: research
Publication date: January 2020Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, Volume 55Author(s): Archana Nawandhar, Navin Kumar, Veena R, Lakshmi YamujalaAbstractSquamous cell carcinoma (SCC) of oral cavity is the most common among oral cancer patients. In this paper, we have developed machine learning based automatic oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) classifier named as Stratified Squamous Epithelial Biopsy Image Classifier (SSE-BIC) to categorize H&E-stained microscopic images of squamous epithelial layer in four different classes: normal, well-differentiated, moderately-differentiated and poorly-differentiated. Fiv...
Source: Biomedical Signal Processing and Control - Category: Biomedical Science Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 September 2019Source: Seminars in Cancer BiologyAuthor(s): Annie Wai Yeeng Chai, Kue Peng Lim, Sok Ching CheongAbstractOral squamous cell carcinomas (OSCC) are a heterogeneous group of cancers arising from the mucosal lining of the oral cavity. A majority of these cancers are associated with lifestyle risk habits including smoking, excessive alcohol consumption and betel quid chewing. Cetuximab, targeting the epidermal growth factor receptor was approved for the treatment of OSCC in 2006, and remains the only molecular targeted therapy available for OSCC. Here, we reviewed the current ...
Source: Seminars in Cancer Biology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Authors: Rai K H, Ahmed J Abstract Background: Epithelial cells typically express E-cadherin where as N-cadherin expressed by mesenchymal cells. The epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is a process by which epithelial cells lose their cell polarity and cell-cell adhesion, and gain migratory and invasive properties to become mesenchymal cells. EMT is typical for carcinoma cells during tumor progression and correlate with the local invasiveness and metastatic potential of the tumor. Oral squamous cell carcinoma is a malignant neoplasm arising from the mucosal epithelium of the oral cavity. It can be classified...
Source: Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention - Category: Cancer & Oncology Tags: Asian Pac J Cancer Prev Source Type: research
Abstract Tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC), the most common epithelial cancer identified in the oral cavity, has become one of the most common malignancies across the developing countries. Increasing evidence indicates that long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) serve as important regulators in cancer biology. The focally amplified long non-coding RNA in epithelial cancer (FALEC) was found downregulated in the tissues of tongue squamous cell carcinoma (TSCC) and was predicted to present a good prognosis by bioinformatics analysis. Experiments indicated that FALEC knockdown significantly increased the proliferation and...
Source: Aging - Category: Biomedical Science Authors: Tags: Aging (Albany NY) Source Type: research
ConclusionEZH2 expression in AEP is more similar to malignant processes than benign lesions. The pattern of basal cell layer expression of EZH2 could be a potential prognostic indicator of malignant transformation risk in oral AEP lesions. A subsequent study by our group to assess EZH2 expression with respect to clinical outcome in AEP lesions is ongoing.
Source: Oral Surgery, Oral Medicine, Oral Pathology and Oral Radiology - Category: ENT & OMF Source Type: research
Santosh K. Ghosh1*, Thomas S. McCormick1,2 and Aaron Weinberg1* 1Biological Sciences, School of Dental Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States 2Dermatology, School of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States Human beta-defensins (hBDs, −1, 2, 3) are a family of epithelial cell derived antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) that protect mucosal membranes from microbial challenges. In addition to their antimicrobial activities, they possess other functions; e.g., cell activation, proliferation, regulation of cytokine/chemokine production, migration, diffe...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusions: In OSCC, very low preoperative NLR values have a negative prognostic impact on survival and recurrence, similarly to high ratios. ENE and perineural spread are the most important clinical-pathologic prognosticators. Introduction Oral squamous cell carcinoma (OSCC) accounts for more than 95% of oral tumors and is the eighth most frequent cancer worldwide, with an estimated incidence of 640,000 new cases per year (1). Survival of OSCC has slightly improved over the last 30 years, probably as a consequence of multimodal treatment spreading. However, intensified therapeutic regimens can result in signific...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Conclusion Most head and neck pathologies show a broad cellular heterogeneity making it difficult to achieve an accurate diagnosis and efficient treatment (Graf and Zavodszky, 2017; Lo Nigro et al., 2017). Single cell analysis of circadian omics (Lande-Diner et al., 2015; Abraham et al., 2018), may be a crucial tool needed in the future to fully understand the circadian control of head and neck diseases. It becomes more obvious that there is only a small genetic component but a largely unknown epigenetics and/or environmental component for most of the head and neck pathologies (Moosavi and Motevalizadeh Ardekani, 2016; He...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
Conclusion: Higher pretreatment RDW levels were demonstrated to be associated with poor clinical outcome in male LSCC patients and might be novel markers for patient stratification in LSCC management. Introduction Laryngeal cancer is one of the most common cancers of the head and neck, of which the estimated crude incidence and mortality rates in China were 1.86/100,000 and 1.01/100,000, respectively (1). This disease has a male predominance with a male-to-female ratio of 20 to 30:1 in China (2). The most commonly observed histological type of laryngeal cancer is laryngeal squamous cell cancer (LSCC), accounting for ...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
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