NIH-funded rodent study finds molecular link between adolescent alcohol use and adult anxiety

 New preclinical research in rats has identified a link between adolescent alcohol exposure and specific molecular changes in the brain that contribute to increased anxiety in adulthood. A large body of evidence demonstrates a strong relationship between alcohol and anxiety problems in humans. 
Source: NIAAA News - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: news

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AbstractVictims of bullying are more likely to engage in addictive behaviors and experience mental health problems. However, the pathway by which bullying victimization and mental health problems predict engagement in multiple addictive behaviors remains unclear. The purpose of this study is to compare two mediation models in their prediction of engagement in multiple addictive behaviors. Survey responses were collected from 6641 high-school students aged 12 to 19. Measures include frequency of bullying victimization, past month use of alcohol, marijuana, cigarettes, past year gambling, and the presence of anxiety, depress...
Source: International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction - Category: Addiction Source Type: research
When using drugs or alcohol, you may start to find that you need to keep using more to get high than you did when you first started. When a couple of glasses of wine used to get you plenty drunk, you’re finding that you need a full bottle or even more. This is called building tolerance and can cause some damaging effects to the body, including leading to addiction and death. Using More to Get High: Building Tolerance According to the National Institute on Drug Abuse, tolerance occurs when the person no longer responds to the drug in the way that person initially responded. Stated another way, it takes a higher dose ...
Source: Cliffside Malibu - Category: Addiction Authors: Tags: Addiction Addiction Recovery Alcohol Alcoholism Drug Treatment Substance Abuse alcohol addiction alcohol dependence alcohol dependency alcohol detox alcohol disorder drug addiction drug addiction recovery drug addiction treatment Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsThe high treatment gap in the population is concerning and highlights the need to promote help-seeking and uptake of treatment. Given the unique demographic characteristics, i.e., those with higher education and employed were more likely not to seek treatment, targeted interventions in the educational and workplace settings should be implemented.
Source: Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology - Category: Psychiatry Source Type: research
Background: Socially anxious individuals seem to be at a high risk for alcohol-related problems because they drink to cope. Yet social anxiety is unique among the anxiety conditions in that it is characterized by lower positive affect (PA). It is un...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
From leisure activities to politics to relationships, people tend to be influenced by their religious beliefs. In this episode, Gabe and Michelle discuss the pros and cons of religious influence when it comes to treating mental illness and explore whether it is helpful when trying to reach recovery. SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW “They are dead (by suicide) and we are still stigmatizing their behavior.” – Gabe Highlights from ‘Religion and Mental Illness’ Episode [2:00] The intersection of religion and mental illness. [4:30] How the Jewish faith views mental illness. [10:00] How Christianity view...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: A Bipolar, A Schizophrenic, and a Podcast Depression Ethics & Morality Schizophrenia Spirituality & Health Source Type: blogs
Conclusions/Importance: Socially anxious drinkers may drink not only to decrease NA but also to increase PA in social situations. Both of these drinking motives appear to play important roles in socially anxious drinkers' experience of drinking-related problems. PMID: 31293198 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Substance Use and Misuse - Category: Addiction Tags: Subst Use Misuse Source Type: research
Abstract PURPOSE: Fear of cancer recurrence is highly prevalent among adult survivors of cancer. The role of fear of recurrence in the emotional distress of survivors of cancer, as well as health behaviors that may directly affect their health, remains unclear. To advance oncology practice, this study sought to examine the extent to which fear of recurrence stemming from physical symptoms accounts for emotional distress in a large sample of adult survivors of cancer and to extend the model to explain postdiagnosis self-reported health behavior change. METHODS: In 2016, 258 survivors of cancer at an academic h...
Source: JOP - Category: Gastroenterology Authors: Tags: J Oncol Pract Source Type: research
 Myths spring up about everything that is misunderstood – and mental illness is one of the most misunderstood things out there. People are equal parts fascinated by and terrified of it, seemingly at the same time. In this episode, our hosts take a look at some myths about living with schizophrenia and even tackle the most common one – are schizophrenics violent? Listen now! SUBSCRIBE &REVIEW “People with schizophrenia are more likely to be victims of violence than to cause violence.” – Michelle Highlights from ‘Myths of Mental Illness’ Episode [2:00] What are some myth...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: A Bipolar, A Schizophrenic, and a Podcast Schizophrenia Stigma Violence and Aggression Source Type: blogs
We present an exploratory study of a mobile communication system which intends to improve the mental, physical and social health of a group of vulnerable immigrant women in Spain (n = 71), distinguishing between an intervention group and a non-equivalent control group. We sent automatic text messages (SMS) to the mobile phones of an intervention group formed by immigrant women who used the social services (n = 44). During a 26-day intervention period, the women received 4 daily automatic text messages on their phones, at a predetermined time. We measured mood and depression symptoms at the begin...
Source: Journal of Medical Systems - Category: Information Technology Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: While HD rates were low, maternal/caregiver alcohol use negatively impacted on parenting and children's behavioural/cognitive outcomes. International evidence suggests that integrated approaches engaging parents and families may be more effective for parent-child outcomes than individual psychiatric or medical care for the parent on their own. PMID: 31266581 [PubMed - in process]
Source: South African Medical Journal - Category: African Health Tags: S Afr Med J Source Type: research
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