Management of epithelial ovarian cancer. Short text drafted from the French joint recommendations of FRANCOGYN, CNGOF, SFOG, GINECO-ARCAGY and endorsed by INCa.

[Management of epithelial ovarian cancer. Short text drafted from the French joint recommendations of FRANCOGYN, CNGOF, SFOG, GINECO-ARCAGY and endorsed by INCa]. Bull Cancer. 2019 Mar 05;: Authors: Lavoue V, Huchon C, Akladios C, Alfonsi P, Bakrin N, Ballester M, Bendifallah S, Bolze PA, Bonnet F, Bourgin C, Chabbert-Buffet N, Collinet P, Courbiere B, De la Motte Rouge T, Devouassoux-Shisheboran M, Falandry C, Ferron G, Fournier L, Gladieff L, Golfier F, Gouy S, Guyon F, Lambaudie E, Leary A, Lecuru F, Lefrere-Belda MA, Leblanc E, Lemoine A, Narducci F, Ouldamer L, Pautier P, Planchamp F, Pouget N, Ray-Coquard I, Rousset-Jablonski C, Senechal-Davin C, Touboul C, Thomassin-Naggara I, Uzan C, You B, Daraï E Abstract Faced to an undetermined ovarian mass on ultrasound, an MRI is recommended and the ROMA score (combining CA125 and HE4) can be proposed (grade A). In case of suspected early stage ovarian or fallopian tube cancer, omentectomy (at least infracolonic), appendectomy, multiple peritoneal biopsies, peritoneal cytology (grade C) and pelvic and para-aortic lymphadenectomy are recommended (grade B) for all histological types, except for the expansive mucinous subtype where lymphadenectomy may be omitted (grade C). Minimally invasive surgery is recommended for early stage ovarian cancer, if there is no risk of tumor rupture (grade B). Adjuvant chemotherapy with carboplatin and paclitaxel is recommended for all high-grade ovarian or Fallopian tube ...
Source: Bulletin du Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Bull Cancer Source Type: research

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Irreversible T cell exhaustion limits the efficacy of programmed cell death 1 (PD-1) blockade. We observed that dual CD40-TLR4 stimulation within a single tumor restored PD-1 sensitivity and that this regimen triggered a systemic tumor-specific CD8+ T cell response. This approach effectively treated established tumors in diverse syngeneic cancer models, and the systemic effect was dependent on the injected tumor, indicating that treated tumors were converted into necessary components of this therapy. Strikingly, this approach was associated with the absence of exhausted PD-1hi T cells in treated and distant tumors, while s...
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In “National trends in the utilization of androgen deprivation therapy for very low risk prostate cancer,” the authors demonstrate a significant decline in the use of primary androgen deprivation (pADT), for very low risk prostate cancer. By 2015, only 1.7% of men in this population received pADT, representing a furthering of trends witnessed in the early 21st century, and which have been previously described.1,2
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Obtaining a Post-void Residual (PVR) is one of the most common procedures performed in Urology. In a subspecialty replete with uncomfortable and potentially embarrassing tests, measuring PVR using ultrasound is arguably unique in its minimally-invasive nature, reproducibility, and ability to deliver objective data. It is a technique which has been universally adopted and employed, albeit with little data to guide the user in interpreting its results. Indeed, several guideline statements deemed obtaining a PVR a Clinical Principle, a statement for which there may or may not be evidence in the medical literature that is wide...
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Source: Journal of Gastrointestinal Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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