A review on leadership and leadership development in educational settings
Publication date: Available online 8 March 2019Source: Educational Research ReviewAuthor(s): Ellen Daniëls, Annie Hondeghem, Filip DochyAbstractLeadership gained a lot of attention during the past decades because of school principals’ growing responsibilities and the accountability-driven context they work in. However, reviews providing a general overview of effective school leadership theories and effective professional development are rare. The present review was conducted to summarise the existing literature and discover lacunae in school leadership research in preschools, primary and secondary schools. 75 studies focusing on leadership theories, characteristics of effective school leadership and school leaders’ professional development were included and analysed. The present article provides an overview of main leadership theories such as instructional leadership, situational leadership, transformational leadership, distributed leadership and Leadership for Learning. Second, the article focuses on the characteristics of effective school leadership and lastly, the review offers features of effective professional development activities for school principals.
In conclusion, BLU-5937 was selected as a drug candidate for the treatment of chronic cough due to its high potency and selectivity for P2X3 homotrimeric receptors, strong anti-tussive effects, excellent tolerability and predicted pharmacokinetic properties in humans.
ConclusionThe SOS presents nearly as good as the SOFA score, to predict mortality among sepsis patients admitted to the ICU. The early warning score is another, alternative tool to use for risk stratification and sepsis screening for ICU sepsis patients.
Conclusions: Echogenicity of a pleural effusion has a low specificity for identifying an underlying exudate, and the echogenic qualities of the fluid should not influence clinical decision-making.Respiration
MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology researchers reveal atomic structures of the abnormal tau filaments associated with chronic traumatic encephalopathy, a head injury-associated neurodegenerative disease, differ in structure from those seen in Alzheimer’s disease.
ConclusionsThese findings indicate that the neural effects of AUD vary according to severity. Our results emphasize the utility of resting state fMRI as a neuroimaging biomarker for quantitative clinical evaluation of AUD.
Publication date: Available online 19 March 2019Source: NeuroImage: ClinicalAuthor(s): Jason A. Martin, Nadine Zimmermann, Lukas Scheef, Jakob Jankowski, Sebastian Paus, Hans H. Schild, Thomas Klockgether, Henning BoeckerAbstractMany studies have used functional magnetic resonance imaging to unravel the neuronal underpinnings of motor system abnormalities in Parkinson's disease, indicating functional inhibition at the level of basal ganglia-thalamo-cortical motor networks. The study aim was to extend the characterization of functional motor changes in Parkinson's Disease by dissociating between two phases of action (i.e. m...
ConclusionsA clinically relevant model of PTA of venous stenosis in mice was created. PTA-treated vessels had increased lumen vessel area and WSS. The alterations in tissue markers of vascular remodeling, tissue hypoxia, proliferation, and cell death may be implications for future design of drug and device development.
ConclusionWEB shape modification was observed in more than half of cases but with no influence regarding adequate occlusion rate. This quantitative approach of WSM highlights that this phenomenon appears to be early and progressive over time. This supports the hypothesis that WSM could be more probably related to aneurysm healing rather than external compression.
AI limitations, no-show cures, and more in this month's radiology comics.