A New Functional Classification Based on Frailty and Disability Stratifies the Risk for Mortality Among Older Adults: The FRADEA Study

The aim of the current study was to investigate whether a new functional classification, based on basic (BADL) and instrumental (IADL) activities of daily living and frailty, is associated with mortality in older adults during 10  years of follow-up.
Source: Journal of the American Medical Directors Association - Category: Health Management Authors: Tags: Original Study Source Type: research

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Publication date: September 2019Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease, Volume 26, Issue 5Author(s): Dawn J. Caster, David W. PowellLupus nephritis (LN) occurs in up to 60% of SLE patients, and is a leading cause of disability and death. Current treatment of LN consists of a combination of high dose corticosteroids that non-specifically decrease inflammation and cytotoxic medications that reduce auto-antibody production. That combination of therapy is associated with significant side effects while remission rates remain inadequate. Since the introduction of biologics into the pharmacological armamentarium, there has be...
Source: Advances in Chronic Kidney Disease - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
Students exhibiting challenging externalizing behaviors may benefit from supportive interactions with teachers. However, if students show high levels of externalizing behaviors, this may negatively impact on student- teacher interactions, and vice versa. W...
Source: SafetyLit - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: Age: Adolescents Source Type: news
Introduction Exercise therapy (ET) is advocated as a treatment for chronic nonspecific low back pain (CNSLBP). However, therapy effect sizes remain low. In other chronic disorders, training at higher intensity has resulted in greater improvements on both general health related and disease specific outcomes compared to lower-intensity ET. Possibly, high-intensity training also improves effect sizes in CNSLBP. Objective To compare the effects of a high-intensity ET program with a similar moderate-intensity ET program on disability, pain, function, exercise capacity, and abdominal/back muscle strength in persons with CNS...
Source: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise - Category: Sports Medicine Tags: CLINICAL SCIENCES Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 13 November 2019Source: Social Science &MedicineAuthor(s): Sharon Walsh, Edel Doherty, Brendan Kennelly, Tom Pierse, Fiona Keogh, Eamon O'SheaAbstractDementia is a progressive and debilitating neurodegenerative condition which significantly impacts on quality of life and the ability to live independently. It is a leading cause of disability in older populations and carries significant economic and social costs. It is no wonder, therefore, that dementia has been identified as a major global health and social care challenge, especially with prevalence projected to triple by 2050. In man...
Source: Social Science and Medicine - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Source Type: research
We describe the reconstruction of high-grade extensor tendon tears using a knotless suture anchor and hypothesize that this will result in improved elbow pain and function with a high healing rate. Twenty chronic lateral epicondylitis patients with magnetic resonance imaging–confirmed high-grade extensor tendon tears underwent surgery using a knotless suture anchor technique. All underwent clinical and ultrasound assessments and completed the quick Disabilities of the Arm, Shoulder, and Hand and patient-rated tennis elbow evaluation questionnaires at final follow-up. Preoperative and postoperative Mayo Elbow Performa...
Source: Techniques in Shoulder and Elbow Surgery - Category: Orthopaedics Tags: Techniques Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 14 November 2019Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular DiseasesAuthor(s): Zhengbao Zhu, Aili Wang, Daoxia Guo, Xiaoqing Bu, Tan Xu, Chongke Zhong, Yanbo Peng, Tian Xu, Hao Peng, Jing Chen, Zhong Ju, Deqin Geng, Jiang He, Yonghong ZhangBackground and AimsHigh serum hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) levels increase the risk of ischemic stroke and are probably associated with outcomes after ischemic stroke. However, it remains unclear whether the association between HGF and ischemic stroke prognosis is modified by blood lipid status.Methods and ResultsData were derived from the CATIS ...
Source: Nutrition, Metabolism and Cardiovascular Diseases - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
ConclusionsImpaired performance on NPTs correlated with worse physical disability-related PROMs and MRI disease severity, but the strongest cross-sectional explanatory variables for each NPT component varied. This study supports the use of comprehensive, objective quantification of MS status in clinical and research settings. Future longitudinal analyses can determine predictors of treatment response and disability worsening.
Source: Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
This study aimed to provide information on the burden of illness and health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in children with epilepsy who experience prolonged acute convulsive seizures (PACS) in the community setting, and to investigate factors that may predict poor HRQoL in this population.MethodsNoninstitutionalized children (aged 3–16 years) who had experienced at least one PACS within the past year and had currently prescribed PACS rescue medication were enrolled in a cross-sectional study in Germany, Italy, Spain, and the United Kingdom (Practices in Emergency and Rescue medication For Epilepsy managed with Co...
Source: Epilepsy and Behavior - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
By Michael Nedelman, CNN (CNN) — Cigarette smoking among US adults fell to its lowest recorded level in 2018: 13.7%, according to a report published Thursday by the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. That represents a drop of roughly two-thirds since the CDC started collecting this data in 1965. “This marked decline in cigarette smoking is the achievement of a consistent and coordinated effort by the public health community and our many partners,” the agency’s director, Dr. Robert R. Redfield, said in a statement Thursday. “Yet, our work is far from over.” The report estima...
Source: WBZ-TV - Breaking News, Weather and Sports for Boston, Worcester and New Hampshire - Category: Consumer Health News Authors: Tags: Health News Syndicated CBSN Boston CNN Smoking Source Type: news
ConclusionThe effect of acupuncture on pain combine night splinting has a better effect on pain in the treatment of CTS than that of the only splinting.
Source: Integrative Medicine Research - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
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