Medical News Today: What do skin infections look like?

A skin infection occurs when parasites, fungi, or germs such as bacteria break into the skin. Some examples of these invaders include scabies, the herpes virus, and lice. Here, learn more about skin infections and what they look like.
Source: Health News from Medical News Today - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Dermatology Source Type: news

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This study investigated the use of SARCOPTES-ELISA DOG KIT as a diagnostic tool in detecting anti-mite antibodies, establishing the prevalence of scabies in dogs and the associated risk factors of canine mange occurrence. A total of 384 dogs (149 males and 235 females) were randomly sampled from eight local government areas. The prevalence of canine sarcopticosis was found to be 67.45% (259/384) using the ELISA kit. ELISA test had a 96.4% sensitivity against microscopy test (21.42%) as skin scrapping with microscopy demonstrated mites in 12 out of 56 dogs, while ELISA detected antibodies in 54 out of the 56 dogs presented ...
Source: Journal of Immunoassay and Immunochemistry - Category: Biochemistry Tags: J Immunoassay Immunochem Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2019Source: Biomedicine &Pharmacotherapy, Volume 117Author(s): Qingjun Pan, Zejian Liu, Shuzhen Liao, Lin Ye, Xing Lu, Xiaoqun Chen, Zhihang Li, Xinxin Li, Yong-Zhi Xu, Huafeng LiuAbstractSystemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a systemic autoimmune disease characterized by inflammation and abnormal production of autoantibody, but the mechanisms of the aberrant immune responses are currently unknown. Recently, growing evidence has suggested that infection plays a pivotal role in SLE. Here, we investigate the role of infectious agents (e.g., Epstein-Barr virus, parvovirus B19, human T-lymphotro...
Source: Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research
Abstract Protein-protein interactions govern all molecular processes for living organisms, even those involved in pathogen infection. Pathogens such as virus, bacteria, and parasites contain proteins that help the pathogen to attach, penetrate, and settle inside the target cell. Thus, it is necessary to know the regions in pathogenic proteins that interact with host cell receptors. Currently, powerful pathogen databases are available and many pathogenic proteins have been recognized, but many pathogenic proteins have not been characterized. This work developed a program in MATLAB environment based on the time-freq...
Source: Bioinformatics and Biology Insights - Category: Bioinformatics Authors: Tags: Bioinform Biol Insights Source Type: research
(Indiana University) Researchers at Indiana University School of Medicine have discovered how toxoplasma gondii, a single-celled parasite, maintains a steady supply of nutrients while replicating inside of its host cell: it calls for delivery.
Source: EurekAlert! - Biology - Category: Biology Source Type: news
In conclusion, TTO and AgNPs possess good antimicrobial activities against the selected skin pathogens, and could provide cheap alternatives for treating related skin infections either as single agents or in the form of nanoemulsion combinations.
Source: Journal of Herbal Medicine - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
ConclusionsOverall results revealed that herbal plants may be active in the development of novel and cheap antimalarial compounds.
Source: Chinese Herbal Medicines - Category: Complementary Medicine Source Type: research
The common fruit fly, Drosophila melanogaster, is an outstanding model to study the molecular basis of anti-pathogen immunity. The parasitic nematode Heterorhabditis gerrardi, together with its mutualistic bacteria Photorhabdus asymbiotica, infects a wide range of insects, including D. melanogaster. Recently we have shown that Transforming Growth Factor-β (TGF-ß) signaling in D. melanogaster is regulated in response to parasitic nematode infection. In the current study, we investigated the contribution of two TGF-ß signaling branches, the activin and the Bone Morphogenic Protein (BMP), to D. melanogaster i...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
The molecular bases of the host-parasitoid interactions in the biological system Acyrthosiphon pisum (Harris) (Homoptera, Aphididae) - Aphidius ervi (Haliday) (Hymenoptera, Braconidae) have been elucidated allowing the identification of a gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase, the active component of maternal venom secretion, and teratocytes, the embryonic parasitic factors responsible for the host physiology regulation after parasitization. Teratocytes, cells deriving from the dissociation of serosa, the parasitoid embryonic membrane, are responsible for extra-oral digestion of host tissues in order to provide a suitable nutritio...
Source: Frontiers in Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
An effective vaccine against the Plasmodium parasite is likely to require the induction of robust antibody and T cell responses. Chimeric virus-like particles are an effective vaccine platform for induction of antibody responses, but their capacity to induce robust cellular responses and protection against pathogen challenge when incorporating T cell epitopes has not been established. To evaluate this, we produced chimeric constructs using the murine polyomavirus structural protein with surface-exposed CD8+ or CD4+ T cell or B cell repeat epitopes derived from the Plasmodium yoelii circumsporozoite protein, and assessed im...
Source: Frontiers in cellular and infection microbiology - Category: Microbiology Source Type: research
AbstractIntroductionFew studies have examined the epidemiology of herpes zoster (HZ) and postherpetic neuralgia (PHN) in China. The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of HZ and PHN in China, and to examine the clinical characteristics of patients identified with PHN.MethodsThis was a cross-sectional study conducted in 24 hospitals in seven cities in China. Prevalence of HZ and PHN was determined by physician (n = 100) chart review of patients (n = 36,170) aged ≥ 40 years seeking medical care over a 30- to 60-day period. The health history of patients identifie...
Source: Pain and Therapy - Category: Anesthesiology Source Type: research
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