NHGRI researchers map the brain to find links between genes and ADHD
When it comes to Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD), genetics do make an impact, but it is not easily pinned down. Many common but subtle differences in our DNA come together to have a huge influence on creating one of ADHD's cardinal symptoms: hyperactivity-impulsivity. In a study published in the January 30 issue ofMolecular Psychiatry, NHGRI researchers examined people with ADHD to map brain connections, called white matter tracts, tied to the disorder.
This article aims to provide practical considerations for the management of ADHD and associated disorders in adults, in this particular French context. PMID: 31610922 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychopharmacology, Ahead of Print.
Translational Psychiatry, Published online: 17 October 2019; doi:10.1038/s41398-019-0599-yAttention-deficit hyperactivity disorder shares copy number variant risk with schizophrenia and autism spectrum disorder
A mindfulness-based intervention appears feasible, acceptable, and effective in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder, early research suggests.Medscape Medical News
Conclusions: Stress should be considered among other problems related to ADHD. Psychoeducation about stress, stress managing techniques and coaching should be included in the treatment of adolescents with ADHD. PMID: 31613179 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
When Amy and Steve Unruh decided to adopt a four-year-old child from the Philippines, they anticipated challenges. They understood it would take time, as well as a great deal of love and care, for their family and its newest member to adjust. But they were committed to helping a child in need. The Unruh’s were blindsided when their adoption application was turned down. The reason, they were told, was that their parenting style was not suitable for an adopted child. “They said it was because we’ve used time-outs with our daughter,” says Amy Unruh, 43, who is a stay-at-home mom in Milton, Florida. Dur...
Conclusions:Health providers should assess for mental health problems in youth presenting with sleep-related concerns. Intervening with both sleep and mental health problems should be considered to most effectively improve functioning.Citation:Van Dyk TR, Becker SP, Byars KC. Rates of mental health symptoms and associations with self-reported sleep quality and sleep hygiene in adolescents presenting for insomnia treatment.J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(10):1433–1442.
Conclusions:The absence of demographic or clinical predictors of OSA supports using general indications for PSG in children with ASD.Citation:Tomkies A, Johnson RF, Shah G, Caraballo M, Evans P, Mitchell RB. Obstructive sleep apnea in children with autism.J Clin Sleep Med. 2019;15(10):1469–1476.
This study supports the validity of the SMH in ADHD patients with co-occurring CUD.
This study aimed to investigate the relationship between brain connectivity, RTV, and levels of ADHD symptoms. Twenty-eight children aged 9–12 years and 49 adolescents aged 15–18 years performed the Sustained Attention to Response Task (SART) while EEG was recorded. The participants’ levels of ADHD symptoms were measured using self- and parent-rated questionnaires. The ex-Gaussian analysis and The Fast Fourier Transform were used to measure multiple aspects of RTV. Functional connectivity between 64 electrodes was computed during task performance, and global efficiency and modularity were calculated, refl...