Body Fat Estimation in Kidney Transplant Recipients: Skinfolds Thickness Compared With Dual-Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry

The aim of the study was to compare the method of estimating the body fat percentage (BF%) by skinfold thickness to dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) in kidney transplant recipients.
Source: Journal of Renal Nutrition - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Original Research Source Type: research

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In this study, 73 patients (49.3%) had osteopenia and 28 patients (18.9%) were osteoporotic. BMI was significantly lower in the osteoporosis group compared with the normal group (P
Source: Iranian Journal of Kidney Diseases - Category: Urology & Nephrology Tags: Iran J Kidney Dis Source Type: research
AbstractSummaryPatients with chronic kidney disease have high risk of osteoporotic fractures. Lower trabecular bone score (TBS) was associated with poorer kidney function and higher fracture risk when kidney function was normal. Addition of TBS to The Fracture Risk Assessment Tool with bone mineral density did not improve fracture risk prediction.IntroductionWe sought to determine whether trabecular bone score (TBS) either independently or adjusted for The Fracture Risk Assessment Tool (FRAX) could predict risk of major osteoporotic fractures (MOFs) in a large population-based sample of patients with all stages of chronic ...
Source: Osteoporosis International - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
Bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and anthropometric predictive equations have been proposed to estimate whole-body (SMM) and appendicular skeletal muscle mass (ASM) as surrogate for dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) in distinct population groups. However, their accuracy in estimating body composition in non-dialysis dependent patients with chronic kidney disease (NDD-CKD) and kidney transplant recipients (KTR) is unknown. The aim of this study was to investigate the accuracy and reproducibility of BIA and anthropometric predictive equations in estimating SMM and ASM compared to DXA, in NDD-CKD patients and KTR.
Source: Clinical Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Original article Source Type: research
Fight Aging! publishes news and commentary relevant to the goal of ending all age-related disease, to be achieved by bringing the mechanisms of aging under the control of modern medicine. This weekly newsletter is sent to thousands of interested subscribers. To subscribe or unsubscribe from the newsletter, please visit: https://www.fightaging.org/newsletter/ Longevity Industry Consulting Services Reason, the founder of Fight Aging! and Repair Biotechnologies, offers strategic consulting services to investors, entrepreneurs, and others interested in the longevity industry and its complexities. To find out m...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted from January 2012 to November 2014 in the Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Bangabandhu Sheikh Mujib Medical University, Dhaka, Bangladesh, to evaluate the bone mineral density (BMD) values in children with relapsing nephrotic syndrome (NS). Thirty relapsing nephrotic patients were enrolled in this study. They were divided into two groups: Group I - Frequent Relapse (FR) with 21 patients and Group II - Infrequent Relapse (IFR) with nine patients. Children included were both males and females aged between four and 15 years with relapsing NS with normal ...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
This study was conducted on 80 participants who were classified into three groups: Group I (30 CKD patients with mean age 53 ± 12 years), Group II (30 patients with end-stage renal disease on regular hemodialysis with mean age 48 ± 14.8 years) and Group III having 20 healthy age-and sex-matched controls. Serum chemerin level, fasting blood sugar, fasting insulin, HOMA-IR index calculation, urea, creatinine, estimated glomerular filtration rate, total cholesterol, and triglyceride were measured. Body composition was assessed by dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry. In Groups I and II, we found a significantly high...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
This study suggests that: adult RTR sarcopenia prevalence varies according to the diagnostic criteria; low muscle mass, low muscle function and low physical performance are common conditions; body adiposity association with sarcopenia depends on the criteria used to define this syndrome; and FNIH criteria detected higher adiposity in individuals with sarcopenia. PMID: 31551095 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: The British Journal of Nutrition - Category: Nutrition Authors: Tags: Br J Nutr Source Type: research
CONCLUSIONS: Sclerostin levels were low in our osteoporotic patients;therefore, sclerostin may not be a contributing factor to osteoporosis development. Because sclerostin is an osteocyte-derived peptide, its serum levels only reflect total osteocyte number and bone mass. PMID: 31526333 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Experimental and Clinical Transplantation : official journal of the Middle East Society for Organ Transplantation - Category: Transplant Surgery Authors: Tags: Exp Clin Transplant Source Type: research
We examined human lung tissue from COPD patients and normal control subjects, and found a substantial increase in p16-expressing alveolar cells in COPD patients. Using a transgenic mouse deficient for p16, we demonstrated that lungs of mice lacking p16 were structurally and functionally resistant to CS-induced emphysema due to activation of IGF1/Akt regenerative and protective signaling. Fat Tissue Surrounds Skeletal Muscle to Accelerate Atrophy in Aging and Obesity https://www.fightaging.org/archives/2019/09/fat-tissue-surrounds-skeletal-muscle-to-accelerate-atrophy-in-aging-and-obesity/ Researchers her...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Newsletters Source Type: blogs
Abstract Bone disease is frequently observed in chronic kidney disease (CKD) and increases a patient's risk for fracture. Sclerostin is an osteocyte-derived negative regulator of bone formation. We aimed to assess serum sclerostin level as a bone marker in children with CKD on regular hemodialysis (HD) and detect the association between this and bone density status. This cross-sectional comparative study was conducted on 25 children with CKD on HD and 25 age- and sex-matched healthy children, as controls. Their ages ranged from 4 to 18 years. Serum sclerostin levels were measured and dual-energy X-ray absorptiomet...
Source: Saudi Journal of Kidney Diseases and Transplantation - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Saudi J Kidney Dis Transpl Source Type: research
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