RAGE Knockout Reduces Age-Related Kidney Damage in Mice

RAGE is the receptor for advanced glycation end-products (AGEs), the mechanism by which cells react to the presence of AGEs. AGEs are metabolic byproducts that are both created in the body and present in the diet; cooking animal fat produces AGEs, for example. Diets heavy in meat and the related, fun, unhealthy products so prevalent in this modern calorie-packed world of ours are also heavy in AGEs of various sorts. It remains a topic for discussion as to the degree to which dietary AGEs are a problem, however. Do they contribute significantly to the issues caused by AGEs in general, or only in conditions in which metabolism is already aberrant, such as metabolic syndrome and type 2 diabetes? Opinions differ. There are two quite distinct classes of harm associated with AGEs in aging. The first, and not the topic of today's research, is the creation of persistent cross-links in the extracellular matrix by the AGE glucosepane. A cross-link shackles together two of the complex molecules the extracellular matrix, thereby altering its properties by preventing free movement of those molecules. Significant cross-linking degrades elasticity, strength, and other necessary properties of various tissues. In the case of blood vessels, this loss of elasticity leads to hypertension and consequent cardiovascular disease. Glucosepane cross-links cannot be effectively broken down by our biochemistry, and thus will have to be dealt with via some form of therapy. The second form o...
Source: Fight Aging! - Category: Research Authors: Tags: Medicine, Biotech, Research Source Type: blogs

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ConclusionsA clinically relevant model of PTA of venous stenosis in mice was created. PTA-treated vessels had increased lumen vessel area and WSS. The alterations in tissue markers of vascular remodeling, tissue hypoxia, proliferation, and cell death may be implications for future design of drug and device development.
Source: Journal of Vascular and Interventional Radiology - Category: Radiology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 28 February 2019Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive GynecologyAuthor(s): Sadikah Behbehani, Tiffany Pham, Katie Kunze, Megan Wasson, Johnny YiABSTRACTStudy ObjectiveTo determine the incidence of a successful in-office voiding trial after minimally invasive hysterectomy.DesignA retrospective cohort study.SettingA tertiary care academic center.PatientsAll patients undergoing minimally invasive hysterectomies (vaginal, laparoscopic, or robotic) from January 2013 to July 2018 who have an unsuccessful voiding trial in the postoperative unit.InterventionsA voiding trial.Measurements and Main ...
Source: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Conclusions: The results indicated that probiotic food and supplement withLactobacillus andBifidobacterium could be used as interventions to improve specific anthropometric and biochemical outcomes among individuals withMetS. However, probiotic treatment alone could not reduce overall health risks. In addition, there were methodological drawbacks among reviewed studies, and further research is needed.Ann Nutr Metab 2019;74:224 –241
Source: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Conclusions: BMI and WC may predict incident hypertension better than skinfold thickness, WHR, and WHTR in the Chinese population.Ann Nutr Metab 2019;74:215 –223
Source: Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism - Category: Nutrition Source Type: research
Abstract: Preeclampsia is a complication of pregnancy that affects approximately 4% of pregnancies. Preeclampsia is defined as new-onset hypertension after 20 weeks gestation often accompanied by new-onset proteinuria. Women who experience preeclampsia during pregnancy are at an increased risk for hypertension and stroke later in life. Healthcare providers should screen women appropriately to minimize risk.
Source: The Nurse Practitioner - Category: Nursing Tags: Feature: WOMEN'S HEALTH: DNP SPECIAL ISSUE Source Type: research
BEST supplements for cholesterol: Having high cholesterol can pose a huge risk to a person ’s health, so what can you do to lower it? Eating an unhealthy diet is one of the main causes of the condition, but some research has shown certain vitamins, minerals and natural substances can lower high cholesterol levels.
Source: Daily Express - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Authors: Medrano Navarro AL, Justel Enríquez A, Alameda Serrano J, Blasco Lamarca Y, Sáenz Abad D, Gimeno Orna JA Abstract BACKGROUND AND AIMS: Our aim was to assess the usefulness of KDIGO 2012 risk classification to predict total and cardiovascular mortality in type 2 diabetes mellitus (DM2). MATERIAL AND METHODS: Prospective cohort study that included DM2 patients. Clinical end-points were total and cardiovascular mortality. The main predictive variable was KDIGO risk classification, which is a combination of urinary albumin excretion and glomerular filtration rate. The predictive value was eva...
Source: Medicina Clinica - Category: General Medicine Tags: Med Clin (Barc) Source Type: research
Behavioral variant frontotemporal dementia (bvFTD) is characterized by severe changes in personality/behavior. Recent studies have provided evidence that a decrease in serotonin receptors and neuronal loss in the raphe nuclei play a role in the bvFTD pathology. Serotonergic antidepressants have been reported to diminish behavioral disturbances in bvFTD, particularly repetitive behaviors, disinhibition, apathy, sexually inappropriate behaviors, and hyperorality. Here, we present the case of an 80-year-old Caucasian male patient with clinically and biomarker supported bvFTD ( “probable” bvFTD; disease-specific al...
Source: Case Reports in Neurology - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 19 March 2019Source: SeizureAuthor(s): Ilaria Lagorio, Federico Zara, Salvatore Striano, Pasquale StrianoAbstractFamilial adult myoclonic epilepsy (FAME), also described with different acronyms (ADCME, BAFME, FEME, FCTE and others), is a high-penetrant autosomal dominant condition featuring cortical hand tremors, myoclonic jerks, and occasional/rare convulsive seizures. Prevalence is unknown since this condition is often under-recognized, but it is estimated to be less than 1/35,000. The disease usually starts in the second decade of life and has been genetically associated with at least ...
Source: Seizure - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
Conclusions: POAG cases and controls had similar neurocognitive function as measured by the MoCA. Among POAG cases, worse VF loss was associated with lower MoCA. Future studies are needed to further elucidate the clinical effect of neuropathy in POAG.Neurodegener Dis 2018;18:315 –321
Source: Neurodegenerative Diseases - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
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