Exposure to infection in the womb increases risk of autism and depression, study says

Children born to women who had a severe infection during pregnancy, such as sepsis, flu or pneumonia, show an increased risk of autism spectrum disorder and depression, new research finds. Yet those exposed to even a relatively minor urinary tract infection in utero also experienced an increased risk of such disorders.
Source: CNN.com - Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news

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This study evaluated homeless women's contraception knowledge and demonstrated improved knowledge following efficacy-based contraceptive counseling. Women were surveyed using a pre-test then post-test following standardized efficacy-based contraceptive counseling. 47 women participated. 13/19 (68.4%) of reproductive-aged women were not using contraception. After education there was significant increase in good-excellent self-rated knowledge (35, 75.5% vs 44, 93.6%; p
Source: Journal of Community Health Nursing - Category: Nursing Tags: J Community Health Nurs Source Type: research
ConclusionsPediatric visits are an opportune location for addressing maternal health and this intervention demonstrated feasibility and improved outcomes for some but not all outcomes Attention to maternal health needs across pediatric visits during infancy may be important for maintaining positive pre/interconception health behaviors.
Source: Academic Pediatrics - Category: Pediatrics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Case Reports in Women's HealthAuthor(s): S.D. Halassy, J. Eastwood, J. PrezzatoAbstractWhen advising a pregnant patient who has previously had a cesarean section about the risks of trial of labor, it is important to explain the risk of uterine rupture. Subjective symptoms of abdominal pain or objective findings of non-reassuring fetal status and loss of fetal station are often indicative of this disease process, which most commonly is caused by a defect on the uterus from the cesarean delivery. Any uterine surgical intervention (myomectomy, for example) is the leadi...
Source: Case Reports in Womens Health - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 18 October 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical Obstetrics &GynaecologyAuthor(s): Sirajum Munira, Lisa Christopher-StineAbstractMyositis and scleroderma are both rare autoimmune diseases with female predominance and often occur before and during reproductive years. The rarity of diseases explains the low frequency of concurrent disease and pregnancy. Like other autoimmune diseases, myositis and scleroderma may be more active during pregnancy as well. To date, many patients with myositis and scleroderma can have favorable pregnancy outcomes with careful management. This cha...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 17 October 2019Source: Best Practice &Research Clinical Obstetrics &GynaecologyAuthor(s): Erol Arslan, D. Ware BranchAbstractAntiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is a rare condition characterized clinically by thrombotic events or pregnancy complications and confirmed by one or more repeatedly positive anti-phospholipid (aPL) antibodies on two or more occasions at least 12 weeks apart. Several factors are thought to have roles in pathogenesis of adverse obstetric events related to APS, including platelet and endothelial cell activation, complement activation, and ultimate activation of...
Source: Best Practice and Research Clinical Obstetrics and Gynaecology - Category: OBGYN Source Type: research
Authors: Pincus T, Schmukler J, Castrejon I Abstract A patient history generally provides the most important information in diagnosis and management of patients with most rheumatic diseases, including osteoarthritis (OA). Patient history components can be expressed as quantitative, structured, "scientific" data, rather than "subjective" narrative descriptions, using patient self-report questionnaires. The Western Ontario McMaster (WOMAC) questionnaire is used in all OA clinical trials, and the health assessment questionnaire (HAQ) in all rheumatoid arthritis (RA) clinical trials, as "diseas...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Authors: Hawker GA Abstract Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of arthritis, affecting 1 in 3 people over age 65 and women more so than men. The prevalence of OA is rising due, in part, to the increasing prevalence of OA risk factors, including obesity, physical inactivity, and joint injury. OA-related joint pain causes functional limitations, poor sleep, fatigue, depressed mood and loss of independence. Compared to age and sex-matched peers, OA patients incur higher out of pocket health-related expenditures and substantial costs due to lost productivity. Most people with OA (59-87%) have at least one othe...
Source: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology - Category: Rheumatology Tags: Clin Exp Rheumatol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 15 October 2019Source: Brain, Behavior, and ImmunityAuthor(s): Jing Wang, Simin Lai, Guodong Li, Ting Zhou, Biao Wang, Fang Cao, Teng Chen, Xia Zhang, Yanjiong ChenAbstractWe previously demonstrated that the dopamine D3 receptor (D3R) inhibitor, NGB2904, increases susceptibility to depressive-like symptoms, elevates pro-inflammatory cytokine expression, and alters brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) levels in mesolimbic dopaminergic regions, including the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC), nucleus accumbens (NAc), and ventral tegmental area (VTA) in mice. The mechanisms by which D3R in...
Source: Brain, Behavior, and Immunity - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
A new study suggests an increased risk for suicide associated with angiotensin receptor blockers compared with ACE inhibitors among older adults, but leading cardiovascular experts are sceptical.Medscape Medical News
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Neurology & Neurosurgery News Source Type: news
Spravato is for use with an oral antidepressant in adults with major depressive disorder who have failed at least two different antidepressants.International Approvals
Source: Medscape Medical News Headlines - Category: Consumer Health News Tags: Psychiatry News Alert Source Type: news
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