Primary Multicentric Pulmonary Low-grade Fibromyxoid Sarcoma and Chelonid Alphaherpesvirus 5 Detection in a Leatherback Sea Turtle (Dermochelys coriacea)

We describe the gross, microscopical, histochemical and immunohistochemical features of a sclerosing pneumopathic disease process resembling primary multicentric pulmonary low-grade fibromyxoid sarcoma in a juvenile female leatherback sea turtle (Dermochelys coriacea). The animal was fresh, presented in good body condition and stranded dead in Aracaju, Sergipe state, Brazil, in September, 2017. Grossly, the lungs were enlarged bilaterally and the parenchyma was replaced by large, coalescing, white, firm masses that extended into the bronchi and bronchioles and to the pleura. Microscopically, these masses consisted of paucicellular populations of well-differentiated, spindle-shaped fibroblasts with low pleomorphism and low mitotic count, but tissue invasion. Abundant collagen in compact areas merged with peripheral fibromyxoid foci and inflamed stroma. Antibodies specific for cytokeratins AE1/AE3 and smooth muscle actin (SMA) labelled pneumocytes lining the remaining distorted alveoli and the hypertrophied and hyperplastic bronchial muscles, respectively. Tumour cells were negative for SMA; neither neoplastic nor normal tissues cross-reacted with antibodies specific for vimentin or Ki67. Chelonid alphaherpesvirus 5 (ChHV5) polymerase chain reaction analysis from formalin-fixed, paraffin wax-embedded lung tissue sections amplified a 450 base pair fragment of DNA-polymerase (UL30 region) that had 100% homology to sequences previously detected in green sea turtles (Chelonia mydas...
Source: Journal of Comparative Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research

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Authors: Gołota J, Osowiecka K, Orłowski T Abstract Introduction: Primary pulmonary sarcomas (PPS) are rare types of non-epithelial malignant tumors of the lungs (0.013-1.1% of all malignant lung tumors). The PPS can originate from mesenchymal elements of the bronchial wall, vessels or pulmonary stroma. Since the introduction of immunohistochemical and molecular diagnosis, a significant improvement in description and classification of sarcomas has been achieved. Nonetheless, sarcomas still remain a diagnostic and clinical problem. Aim: To estimate factors which could have an influence on the overall survival (OS)...
Source: Polish Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery - Category: Cardiovascular & Thoracic Surgery Tags: Kardiochir Torakochirurgia Pol Source Type: research
Conclusions: The proposed nomogram is a reliable and robust tool for accurate prognostic prediction in patients with extremity soft tissue LMS. Introduction Soft tissue leiomyosarcoma (LMS) is an aggressive sarcoma, which originates from smooth muscle cells (1). Soft tissue LMS accounts for about 5–10% of all soft tissue sarcomas (2). It occurs in different sites, including the retroperitoneum, intraabdominal sites, and extremities (3). Extremity LMS comprised about 10–15% of extremity sarcomas, with a preference for the lower limb (4–6). Extremity LMS tends to have a better prognosis than uterine...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Markus Hartl* and Rainer Schneider Center of Molecular Biosciences (CMBI), Institute of Biochemistry, University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria The neuronal proteins GAP43 (neuromodulin), MARCKS, and BASP1 are highly expressed in the growth cones of nerve cells where they are involved in signal transmission and cytoskeleton organization. Although their primary structures are unrelated, these signaling proteins share several structural properties like fatty acid modification, and the presence of cationic effector domains. GAP43, MARCKS, and BASP1 bind to cell membrane phospholipids, a process reversibly regulate...
Source: Frontiers in Oncology - Category: Cancer & Oncology Source Type: research
Objective: To investigate the clinical features of 2nd hematological malignancies post to the initial cancer treatment.METHODS: A retrospective study was performed to analyze the available clinical data of 116 patients diagnosed with 2nd hematologic malignancies after treatment of various malignant tumors from June 1998 to June 2018 at Sun Yat-sen University cancer center.RESULTS: The characteristics of the 116 patients diagnosed with 2nd hematological cancer post to initial cancer treatment were indicated as following: 62 males and 54 females. The primary tumor category was grouped as (according to ICD-10 International Di...
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 904. Outcomes Research-Malignant Conditions Source Type: research
We report a 55-year-old man who presented with a 2.5  cm lung mass that was partially obstructing the right bronchus intermedius. The tumor consisted of cords and nests of clear and eosinophilic cells in a hyalinized stromal background. The neoplastic cells expressed cytokeratin (CK) 7, CK 5/6, high-molecular weight cytokeratin (34BE12), p63 and p40, while TTF-1, napsin A, CK20, S100, smooth muscle actin, synaptophysin and chromogranin were negative. Mucicarmine stain also was negative in the lesional cells. Fluorescence in situ hybridization using break apart probes revealed rearrangement of the Ewing Sarcoma Breakpo...
Source: Head and Neck Pathology - Category: Pathology Source Type: research
Conclusions: Primary sarcomas of the lung are rare and aggressive tumors.Complete surgical resection with free margins, and chemotherapy increase the survival.
Source: European Respiratory Journal - Category: Respiratory Medicine Authors: Tags: 11.1 Lung Cancer Source Type: research
We examined the complex relationship between soft tissue sarcoma and comorbidities over time in a large population‐based sample. The study uses routine data from the German statutory healthcare system (n = 2,615,865). Case identification of soft tissue sarcoma and comorbid diseases was based on ICD‐10 codes and diagnostic modifiers. Uni‐ and multivariate regression models were used to obtain risk estimates for chronic somatic and mental comorbidities in soft tissue sarcoma patients compared to a cancer‐free control group. At diagnosis, patients with soft tissue sarcoma were significantly more likely to be...
Source: European Journal of Cancer Care - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Original Article Source Type: research
In this study, we examined differentially expressed glycoproteins in cell lines derived from three different states of lung tumorigenesis: an immortalized bronchial epithelial cell (HBE) line, a non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) cell line harboring a Kirsten rat sarcoma viral oncogene homolog (KRAS) activation mutation and a NSCLC cell line harboring an epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) activation deletion. Using a Triple SILAC proteomic quantification strategy paired with hydrazide chemistry N-linked glycopeptide enrichment, we quantified 118 glycopeptides in the three cell lines derived from 82 glycoproteins. Prot...
Source: Theranostics - Category: Molecular Biology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
In conclusion, this case conveys 2 messages. First, pulmonary metastasis of myxoid liposarcoma can appear as cyst secondary to endobronchial tumoral growth. Second, endobronchial blood clots should always be sent for pathologic analysis.
Source: Journal of Bronchology and Interventional Pulmonology - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Case Reports Source Type: research
Synovial sarcoma is a common soft tissue sarcoma with variable fibrous and epithelial differentiation that rarely arises from other body sites, such as within the lung. A case of a 68‐year‐old male with an extensive smoking history who presented with chest pain and a primary, central, metabolically active lung mass was reported. The mass was biopsied by bronchial brushing, bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL), and transbronchial fine‐needle aspiration (FNA). Cytologic analysis of bronchial brushing, BAL, and FNA revealed single and clusters of atypical spindle cells, oval, or spindle‐shaped nuclei with smooth nuclear membr...
Source: Diagnostic Cytopathology - Category: Pathology Authors: Tags: Brief Report Source Type: research
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