NIH study of brain energy patterns provides new insights into alcohol effects

Assessing the patterns of energy use and neuronal activity simultaneously in the human brain improves our understanding of how alcohol affects the brain, according to new research by scientists at the National Institutes of Health. The new approach for characterizing brain energetic patterns could also be useful for studying other neuropsychiatric diseases. A report of the findings is now online in  Nature Communications. 
Source: NIAAA News - Category: Addiction Authors: Source Type: news

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ABSTRACT Biodiesel appears to be a likely substitute to conventional diesel. However, the main challenge has been the creation of a competitive advantage for the biodiesel production process in terms of innovation and efficiency. The reactive distillation technique for biodiesel production is possibly a key force to overcome this technological issue because it combines chemical reaction and the separation process inside the same unit. This work presents kinetic data for biodiesel production via the ethylic route and compare them with the methylic one. It also compares experimental results in a 1.5m reactive distillation pi...
Source: Brazilian Journal of Chemical Engineering - Category: Chemistry Source Type: research
ABSTRACT Objective: to analyze the effect of a brief intervention on the reduction of the alcohol consumption pattern among workers from the worker health perspective. Methods: a quasi-experimental study with a single sample of 36 workers, applying the positive (>8) Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test and sample selection and using data from the Worker Health Booklet in combination with the mentioned test. Participants had three weekly sessions of brief intervention with motivational interviewing and were reevaluated after three months. Data were analyzed quantitatively. The Wilcoxon test was applied to data on th...
Source: Texto e Contexto - Enfermagem - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Source Type: research
Regardless of how much genetic risk someone has, a good diet, adequate exercise, limiting alcohol and not smoking made dementia less likely
Source: Health News: CBSNews.com - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Source: BMJ Comments - Category: General Medicine Source Type: forums
Abstract Background: The unhealthy lifestyle is growing and this can have repercussions on health status demanding actions on the occurrence of diseases and leads to increased expenses. Objective: To examine the interrelationship between the costs of medicine use and lifestyle behaviors. Methods: A cohort study with 118 participants, age around 51.7 ± 7.1 years old. It was collected personal and anthropometric data and information about medicine of continuous use to calculate the costs. Lifestyle variables included habitual physical activity (PA) assessed by pedometer, sedentary behavior by Baecke questionnaire, sle...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Abstract Background: The unhealthy lifestyle is growing and this can have repercussions on health status demanding actions on the occurrence of diseases and leads to increased expenses. Objective: To examine the interrelationship between the costs of medicine use and lifestyle behaviors. Methods: A cohort study with 118 participants, age around 51.7 ± 7.1 years old. It was collected personal and anthropometric data and information about medicine of continuous use to calculate the costs. Lifestyle variables included habitual physical activity (PA) assessed by pedometer, sedentary behavior by Baecke questionnaire, sle...
Source: Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Astudy published today inJAMA Internal Medicine reports that the cannabinoid agonist nabiximols can reduce cannabis use among people with cannabis dependence when combined with behavioral therapy. Nabiximols is a nasal spray composed of purified tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) —two of the primary active components of cannabis.Study participants who received a combination of nabiximols and behavioral therapy reported using cannabis about 33% fewer days than those allocated to placebo and behavioral therapy, noted Nicholas Lintzeris, M.B.B.S., Ph.D., of Australia ’s Drug and Alcohol Services and ...
Source: Psychiatr News - Category: Psychiatry Tags: Cannabidiol cannabis dependence cannabis use CBD JAMA Internal Medicine nabiximols Nicholas Lintzeris tetrahydrocannabinol THC Source Type: research
Scientists from Imperial College London worked with a mental health unit in Bath to help four people who suffered with alcohol addiction, and found psychotherapy and MDMA helped them kick the habit.
Source: the Mail online | Health - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Condition:   Temporomandibular Joint Disorders Interventions:   Drug: Ethanol;   Other: Placebo Sponsors:   University of Florida;   National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA) Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
Conditions:   Physical Health;   Mental Health;   Alcohol; Use, Problem;   Interpersonal Violence Interventions:   Other: Resource pamphlet;   Behavioral: Remote Therapy Sponsor:   University of Michigan Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
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