Forget me not: Encoding processes in value-directed remembering

Publication date: June 2019Source: Journal of Memory and Language, Volume 106Author(s): Joseph P. Hennessee, Tara K. Patterson, Alan D. Castel, Barbara J. KnowltonAbstractValuable items are often remembered better than less valuable items, but research on the mechanisms supporting this value effect is limited. In the current study, we sought to determine how items might be differentially encoded based on their value. In Experiment 1, participants studied words associated with point-values which were followed by a cue to either “Remember” the word for a later test or “Forget” the word. While to-be-forgotten words were recognized at a lower rate than to-be-remembered words, there was a significant effect of value for to-be-forgotten words when the “Forget” cue was presented immediately after the word, suggesting a relatively automatic enhancement of encoding by value. In Experiment 2, we examined to what extent participants engage in more effective encoding strategies for high-value items. Participants studied a list of words with different point-values, and were instructed either to construct a mental image of the item, use rote rehearsal to learn the items, or were not given any study strategy. There were significant effects of value for items that were studied under rote rehearsal or when no strategy instruction was given. However, effects of value were nearly eliminated when participants used a mental imagery strategy for all items as thi...
Source: Journal of Memory and Language - Category: Speech-Language Pathology Source Type: research

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Conclusion: Single-stage radical resection of the oesophagus and a cephalic duodeno-pancreatectomy can be more considered for synchronous cancers even in elderly patient. PMID: 31230557 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Chirurgica Belgica - Category: Surgery Tags: Acta Chir Belg Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 June 2019Source: Sensors and Actuators A: PhysicalAuthor(s): Nguyen Duc Hoang, Vu Van Cat, Man Hoai Nam, Vu Ngoc Phan, Le Anh Tuan, Nguyen Van QuyAbstractIn this work, a room temperature gas sensor based on functional multi-wall carbon nanotubes (MWNTs) coated quartz crystal microbalance (QCM) was developed. The two-step purification process was used to remove amorphous carbon and inactivated catalyst particles, and added functional groups on the sidewall of tubes. The functional MWNTs were then dispersed in deionized water to deposit on the gold electrode of the QCM. The operative MWN...
Source: Sensors and Actuators A: Physical - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Publication date: September 2019Source: Results in Physics, Volume 14Author(s): Hervé Piombini, Amira Guediche, Didier Picart, Gilles DammameAbstractThe knowledge of the absorption in the optical materials is important because it can generate problematic phenomena (distortion, depolarization, damage…) when high-power lasers are used. Photothermal Deflection (P.D.) makes it possible to quantify it with the measurement of the deflection of a probe beam caused by the propagation of a pump laser in the material or a thin layer. The deflection depends on the thermomechanical parameters and needs to be calibrated. ...
Source: Results in Physics - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 June 2019Source: Radiation Physics and ChemistryAuthor(s): V. Correcher, J. Garcia-Guinea, C. Boronat, J.M. Gómez-RosAbstractThis paper reports on the thermoluminescence (TL) emission (from 250 to 500 nm) of a 10 Gy irradiated natural Na-rich aluminosilicate from Minas Gerais (Brazil), previously characterized by Raman spectroscopy and differential thermal analysis techniques. 3D-TL spectrum of the analyzed sample displays a complex glow curves with five different emissions bands peaked at 290, 380, 420, 460 and 500 nm that could be associated with structural and point def...
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 June 2019Source: Radiation Physics and ChemistryAuthor(s): N.P. Klochko, K.S. Klepikova, S.I. Petrushenko, S.V. Dukarov, V.R. Kopach, I.V. Khrypunova, D.O. Zhadan, V.M. Lyubov, A.L. KhrypunovaAbstractIn this work, we studied a destructive impact of the space electron irradiation on the promising thin film materials for optoelectronic applications, namely on pure zinc oxide (ZnO) and indium-doped (ZnO:In) thin films deposited through pulsed electrochemical deposition and Successive Ionic Layer Adsorption and Reaction technique on soda-lime glass substrates, on glass sheets covered with ...
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 June 2019Source: Radiation Physics and ChemistryAuthor(s): N. Gayathri, Kalipada Das, P. Mukherjee, Ranjini Menon, P.Y. NabhirajAbstractSamples of Ti-modified stainless steel alloy have been irradiated using 315 KeV Ar9+ ion to varying doses resulting in high dpa levels from 100 to 400. The variation of the secondary phase present in the sample as a function of irradiation dose has been characterised using Grazing Incidence X-ray Diffraction measurements. Energy Dispersive X-ray mapping of the irradiated volume has also been carried out to see the variation in the spatial distributio...
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 24 June 2019Source: Radiation Physics and ChemistryAuthor(s): Luiza Freire de Souza, Linda V.E. Caldas, Danilo O. Junot, Anderson M.B. Silva, Divanizia N. SouzaAbstractMagnesium tetraborate is a phosphor with relevant characteristics for radiation dosimetry purposes. One of the main challenges on this material is still the understanding of its structure and luminescent processes involved in dosimetric performance. In this work, all the steps of the material production through DTA/TG, XRD and SEM techniques were evaluated to understand the main physical and chemical changes during the ther...
Source: Radiation Physics and Chemistry - Category: Physics Source Type: research
Dynamic bandwidth and wavelength allocation are used to demonstrate high quality of service (QoS) in time wavelength-division multiplexed – passive optical networks (TWDM-PONs). Both bandwidth and wavelength assignment are performed on the basis of transmission containers (T-CONTs) and ...
Source: Journal of Optical Communications and Networking - Category: Physics Authors: Source Type: research
Centralized radio access network (C-RAN) has been considered as an architectural solution able to reduce capital and operational expenditure in dense 5G cellular networks while allowing better network performance. The C-RAN approach decouples baseband units from antenna sites and places them in ...
Source: Journal of Optical Communications and Networking - Category: Physics Authors: Source Type: research
In this work, eavesdropping-aware routing and spectrum/code allocation techniques are proposed for elastic optical networks (EONs) using orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM). To introduce physical (optical) layer security and protect these networks against eavesdropping attacks, spread ...
Source: Journal of Optical Communications and Networking - Category: Physics Authors: Source Type: research
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