Deep-learning MRI algorithm aids in neurological diagnoses

VIENNA - A newly developed deep-learning algorithm has shown promising results...Read more on AuntMinnie.comRelated Reading: AI algorithm predicts Alzheimer's disease progression AI reveals cause of transient ischemic attack symptoms AI can differentiate glioblastoma, brain metastasis Machine learning, fMRI unlock cellular brain properties AI algorithm detects all intracranial hemorrhage types
Source: AuntMinnie.com Headlines - Category: Radiology Source Type: news

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Authors: Kargiotis O, Safouris A, Psychogios K, Chondrogianni M, Andrikopoulou A, Theodorou A, Magoufis G, Stamboulis E, Tsivgoulis G PMID: 33029978 [PubMed]
Source: Journal of Clinical Neurology - Category: Neurology Tags: J Clin Neurol Source Type: research
[This Day] Asaba -- Delta State Government has launched the HIV Self-Testing Programme with a vow to scale up all response measures for arresting the relatively high HIV prevalence rate in the state, which places Delta as being among the highest in the country.
Source: AllAfrica News: HIV-Aids and STDs - Category: Infectious Diseases Source Type: news
Aβ-Induced Repressor Element 1-Silencing Transcription Factor (REST) Gene Delivery Suppresses Activation of Microglia-Like BV-2 Cells. Neural Plast. 2020;2020:8888871 Authors: Yu T, Quan H, Xu Y, Dou Y, Wang F, Lin Y, Qi X, Zhao Y, Liu X Abstract Compelling evidence from basic molecular biology has demonstrated the crucial role of microglia in the pathogenesis of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Microglia were believed to play a dual role in both promoting and inhibiting Alzheimer's disease progression. It is of great significance to regulate the function of microglia and make them develop in a favorabl...
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
In this study, we used UPLC-MS to generate a chromatographic fingerprinting of BTF and identified five possible active ingredients, including stilbene glycoside; epimedin A1, B, and C; and icariin. We also showed that oral administration of BTF reversed the cognitive defects in an Aβ 1-42 fibril-infused rat model of AD, protected synaptic ultrastructure in the CA1 region, and restored the expression of BDNF, synaptotagmin (Syt), and PSD95. These effects likely occurred through the BDNF-activated receptor tyrosine kinase B (TrkB)/Akt/CREB signaling pathway. Furthermore, BTF exhibited no short-term or chronic toxicity i...
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
Abstract As the global population ages, the incidence of neurodegenerative diseases has risen. Furthermore, it has been suggested that depression, especially in elderly people, may also be an indication of latent neurodegeneration. Stroke, Alzheimer's disease (AD), and Parkinson's disease (PD) are usually accompanied by depression. The urgent challenge is further enforced by psychiatric comorbid conditions, particularly the feeling of despair in these patients. Fortunately, as our understanding of the neurobiological substrates of maladies affecting the central nervous system (CNS) has increased, more therapeutic ...
Source: Neural Plasticity - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Neural Plast Source Type: research
Abstract Objectives: Retina abnormalities are related to cognitive disorders in patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). Retinal amyloid beta (Aβ) can be labeled by curcumin. We measured Aβ content in the cerebrum and retina of APPswe/PS1dE9 (APP) transgenic mice with early age to investigate the correlation between cerebrum and retina. Methods: APP mice and age-matched wild-type mice were investigated every month from age 2 months to 6 months to assess changes in Aβ content in the retina and cerebrum. At the beginning of each month, mice were fed a curcumin diet (50 mg/kg/day) for 7 cons...
Source: Behavioural Neurology - Category: Neurology Authors: Tags: Behav Neurol Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: Our data suggest that these two polymorphisms do not contribute to AD in the population from the Mersin region of the Eastern Mediterranean. Further studies with larger sample sizes must be conducted to ascertain the association between the 2 polymorphisms. PMID: 33031695 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Puerto Rico Health Sciences Journal - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Tags: P R Health Sci J Source Type: research
Kathy Siggins and Lynda Everman are thrilled to share the welcome news that the US Postal Service has reinstated sales of the Alzheimer’s Disease Research Semipostal Stamp effective October 5, 2020. It is now available for purchase at most post offices and online at https://store.usps.com/store/product/buy-stamps/alzheimers-S_564204, and by phone at 1-800 STAMP-24. Before it was withdrawn in November 2019, over 8.2 million stamps were sold during its two-year run raising $1,061,777 for NIH-supported research to advance better treatments, prevention, and one day, a cure of Alzheimer’s and related dementias. The ...
Source: Minding Our Elders - Category: Geriatrics Authors: Source Type: blogs
ConclusionsOur systematic review highlights that, in acute ischemic stroke associated with isolated cervical ICA occlusion, bridging (IVT + EVT) might lead to higher rate of functional independence at follow-up, without increasing mortality. The low quality of available studies prevents from drawing firm conclusions, and randomized-controlled clinical trials are critically needed to define optimal treatment in this AIS subgroup.
Source: Neurological Sciences - Category: Neurology Source Type: research
ConclusionsGradient washout has not been widely reported in humans, although it has been observed in the mammalian kidneys after prolonged polyuria. Although not a problem with aquaporin protein expression or production, gradient washout causes a different type of secondary nephrogenic diabetes insipidus because the absence of a medullary gradient impairs water reabsorption. We report a case of an infant who developed complex water and sodium imbalances after brain injury. Prolonged polyuria resulting from both water and solute diuresis with low enteral protein intake was thought to cause a urea gradient washout and second...
Source: Journal of Medical Case Reports - Category: General Medicine Source Type: research
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