What Are the Types of Tracheoesophageal Fistulas?

Discussion Respiratory problems in infants can caused by many things including any type of obstruction from the nose to lung. Neonates and infants are particularly susceptible to changes in the size of the airway because of the physics of airflow resistance. Important reminders about infant airways: Resistance = 1/radius4 (Poiseuille’s equation) therefore even a 1 mm decrease in the airway circumferences increases the airflow resistance x16. Increased airflow causes less pressure along the walls, which can lead to collapse of the walls (Bernoulli’s and Venturi effects). Neonates have smaller lungs relative to the rest of their body therefore they have less pulmonary reserve. Neonates have higher oxygen consumption rates (about 50% more) than older children and adults. Neonates are preferential nose breathers. Neonates have immature regulation of vital functions and when stressed may do the opposite of what is expected. For example, they may become apneic with respiratory distress instead of increasing their respiratory rate. Therefore anything that changes the airflow dynamics of the infant airway can cause dramatic effects for a neonate. Health care personnel need to be aware of subtle changes and may need to respond quickly to the infant’s respiratory status, even while trying to determine the cause of the problem. Learning Point Esophageal atresia (EA) with tracheoesophageal fistula are anomalies in the continuity of the esophagus with or without trac...
Source: PediatricEducation.org - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Uncategorized Source Type: news

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Source: Chinese Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Authors: Tags: Chin Med J (Engl) Source Type: research
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Source: Clinica Chimica Acta - Category: Laboratory Medicine Source Type: research
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Source: Sexologies - Category: Sexual Medicine Source Type: research
We describe a 63-year-old woman with signs and symptoms of intracranial hypertension. Brain MRI revealed hydrocephalus. Venous Doppler ultrasound showed external compression of the omohyoid muscles on the internal jugular veins. During jugular vein decompression, intracranial pressure dropped from 18 to 6  mmHg. Patient is asymptomatic at 2-year follow-up, with decreased brain ventricles. These findings could represent a novel form of high-pressure hydrocephalus that can be successfully treated without a CSF shunt. We called this syndrome JEDI (jugular entrapment dilated ventricles intracranial hype rtension).
Source: Acta Neurochirurgica - Category: Neurosurgery Source Type: research
This study aimed to evaluate the antimicrobial activities of EOs of cinnamon (CEO), rosemary (REO), and oregano (OEO) EOs encapsulated in oil-in-water nanoemulsions prepared using high-frequency ultrasound and applied onto fresh celery inoculated with Escherichia coli and Listeria monocytogenes. The characteristics of CEO, REO, and OEO nanoemulsions were: pH, 4.69–5.84; viscosity, 1.844–1993 mPa s; density, 1.004–1.018 g/cm3; color parameters, Lh > 80 (ah: negative and bh: positive); particle size (D50) 226–546 nm; phase separation, 80%. Compared with the nonencapsulated EOs, EOs nano...
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Conclusion A recurrent perineal hernia can be prevented by a solid fixation of the mesh using the technique of a glued mesh repair. This technique shows to be easy, fast and without recurrence. PMID: 31204903 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Acta Chirurgica Belgica - Category: Surgery Tags: Acta Chir Belg Source Type: research
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Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
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Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
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Source: Revue des Maladies Respiratoires - Category: Respiratory Medicine Tags: Rev Mal Respir Source Type: research
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