Parvovirus B19 Infection in Human Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells Affects Gene Expression of IL-6 and TNF- α and also Affects Hematopoietic Stem Cells Differentiation

AbstractParvovirus B19 (B19V) has been known to induce transient erythroid aplasia, cytopenia and aplastic anemia. This virus persists in bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (HBMSCs) of some immunocompetent individuals several years after primary infection. In B19V infected erythroid progenitor cells, the virus induces transactivation of Interleukin-6 (IL-6) and tumor necrosis factor- α (TNF-α) gene expression. Due the critical role of HBMSCs in bone marrow niche and inhibitory effect of inflammatory cytokines on hematopoiesis, the aim of this study was to investigate the effect of B19V on IL-6 and TNF-α gene expression intransfected cells. In addition we assessed the clonogen icity potential of cord blood CD34+ stem cells that were co-cultured with infected cells. After 24 h of transfection, quantitative mRNA expression of IL-6 and TNF-α was evaluated and human cord blood CD34+ HSC were cultured with the transfected cells. At the end of 7 days of culture, HSCs colony f orming units (CFUs) assay was performed. Our findings demonstrated statistically significant (18.1 and 21.9 fold) increase of TNF-α and IL-6 gene expression respectively and decrease in burst forming unit-erythrocyte (BFU-E) and colony forming unit-erythrocyte (CFU-E) enumeration(p 
Source: Indian Journal of Hematology and Blood Transfusion - Category: Hematology Source Type: research

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Authors: Musio F Abstract INTRODUCTION: Anemia has and will continue to be a central theme in medicine particularly as clinicians are treating a burgeoning population of complex multi-organ system processes. As a result of multiple randomized controlled trials (RCTs), meta-analyses, and societal recommendations overly restrictive paradigms and under-administration of erythropoiesis stimulating agents (ESAs) have likely been followed by clinicians among all specialties. AREAS COVERED: A review of anemia in the context of chronic kidney disease, hematologic malignancies and cancer is presented with focus on the e...
Source: Expert Review of Hematology - Category: Hematology Tags: Expert Rev Hematol Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 9 October 2020Source: Mutation Research/Reviews in Mutation ResearchAuthor(s): Klaudia Kulczynska-Figurny, James J. Bieker, Miroslawa Siatecka
Source: Mutation Research Reviews in Mutation Research - Category: Genetics & Stem Cells Source Type: research
CONCLUSION: This study found that childhood cancer survivors in New Zealand had a high prevalence of developmental dental abnormalities and it identified potential risk factors related to their cancer treatment. Inequitable access to oral rehabilitation for this patient group argues for a mechanism for consistent improved access to publicly funded dental care across district health boards in New Zealand. PMID: 33032302 [PubMed - in process]
Source: New Zealand Medical Journal - Category: General Medicine Tags: N Z Med J Source Type: research
Authors: Fentie K, Wakayo T, Gizaw G Abstract Background: Anemia defined as a low blood hemoglobin concentration is public health importance. The adolescence age group is the most neglected in public health and nutrition research as priorities are usually given to pregnant women, lactating mothers, and their children less than 2 years. Current Ethiopian Food and Nutrition policy included adolescent girls in the most at-risk group for nutritional demands; however, only a few published studies have assessed a deficiency of anemia and associated factors to tackle the intergenerational cycle of malnutrition. Object...
Source: Anemia - Category: Hematology Tags: Anemia Source Type: research
Authors: Tamai H, Shingaki N, Ida Y, Shimizu R, Maeshima S, Okamura J, Kawashima A, Nakao T, Hara T, Matsutani H, Nishikawa I, Higashi K Abstract BACKGROUND: Although clinical use of sofosbuvir plus ribavirin has been approved for patients infected with genotype 2 hepatitis C virus, patients ≥ 75-years-old have not been included in previous clinical trials. AIM: To evaluate the real-world safety and efficacy of sofosbuvir plus ribavirin for elderly patients (≥ 75-years-old) compared to nonelderly patients, we conducted a post-marketing prospective cohort study. METHODS: We treated 265 patients with ge...
Source: World Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: World J Hepatol Source Type: research
Authors: Philips CA, Ahamed R, Rajesh S, George T, Mohanan M, Augustine P Abstract With growing antipathy toward conventional prescription drugs due to the fear of adverse events, the general and patient populations have been increasingly using complementary and alternative medications (CAMs) for managing acute and chronic diseases. The general misconception is that natural herbal-based preparations are devoid of toxicity, and hence short- and long-term use remain justified among people as well as the CAM practitioners who prescribe these medicines. In this regard, Ayurvedic herbal medications have become one of th...
Source: World Journal of Hepatology - Category: Gastroenterology Tags: World J Hepatol Source Type: research
The seroprevalence of human Parvovirus B19 (PVB19) is 70 –85% in adults worldwide. PVB19 is the etiologic agent of the fifth disease, is a cause of aplastic anemia, and can be associated with kidney injury. We ...
Source: BMC Nephrology - Category: Urology & Nephrology Authors: Tags: Research article Source Type: research
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Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 203. Lymphocytes, Lymphocyte Activation, and Immunodeficiency, including HIV and Other Infections: Poster III Source Type: research
Conclusion: STAT3 mutations are frequently detected in the CD8+ T cells of PRCA patients, regardless of the presence of T-LGLL. The identification of STAT3 mutations may be useful for appropriately managing patients with PRCA.Figure.DisclosuresNakao: Novartis: Honoraria; Kyowa Hakko Kirin Co., Ltd.: Honoraria; Alexion Pharmaceuticals, Inc.: Consultancy, Honoraria.
Source: Blood - Category: Hematology Authors: Tags: 508. Bone Marrow Failure: Acquired Bone Marrow Failure and Somatic Genetics Source Type: research
Severe aplastic anemia and its secondary comorbidities associated with human parvovirus B19 infection is a rare and sometimes refractory complication following liver transplantation. We retrospectively reviewed data for 217 adult liver transplant recipients from donations after death in China March 2013 through May 2017, 5 patients with human parvovirus B19 infectious diseases were teased out, and diagnoses were made from positive serological marker, bone marrow aspiration, and genome assay, other hemolytic causes were excluded. Severe aplastic anemia and its comorbidities were confirmed, combination of immunoglobulin and...
Source: Medicine - Category: Internal Medicine Tags: Research Article: Observational Study Source Type: research
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