Disordered Eating Among Individuals with Excess Weight: a Review of Recent Research

AbstractPurpose of ReviewThe purpose of this review was to examine different forms of disordered eating among individuals with excess weight, including their rates, correlates, and psychosocial treatments.Recent FindingsBinge eating/binge eating disorder, loss of control eating, emotional eating, and food addiction are all fairly prevalent among individuals with excess weight. They appear to share many of the same correlates, including broader eating disorder psychopathology, body/shape/weight concerns, depression, anxiety, and low self-esteem. Behavioral, cognitive-behavioral, and third-wave (e.g., acceptance, mindfulness) therapies appear effective in improving binge eating, loss of control eating, emotional eating, associated features (e.g., weight and shape concerns), and psychological distress (e.g., depression).SummaryCertain forms of disordered eating are elevated among individuals with excess weight, and psychosocial interventions have been found effective in improving symptomatology. Empirical research examining the efficacy of treatments for food addiction is lacking, and greatly needed given both its rate and controversy.
Source: Current Obesity Reports - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Source Type: research

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gin C Abstract Food addiction (FA) has recently emerged as a new field in the study of obesity. Previous studies have contributed to identifying psychological correlates of FA. However, few researchers have examined the cognitive profile related to this condition; up until now, attentional biases related to food cues and a poorer performance monitoring have been observed. The present study aimed to examine the psychological profile and executive functioning related to FA in individuals with severe obesity and awaiting bariatric surgery. Participants (N = 86) were split into two groups, according to t...
Source: Eating and weight disorders : EWD - Category: Eating Disorders & Weight Management Authors: Tags: Eat Weight Disord Source Type: research
Condition:   Obesity Interventions:   Device: fMRI;   Device: Indirect calorimetry;   Device: Bioimpedance;   Biological: Lipid profile, glucose, HBA1c, metabolomic analysis;   Behavioral: YFAS questionnaire, Binge Eating Scale, Hospital Anxiety and Depression (HAD) scale, hedonic evaluation test (liking) Sponsors:   Rennes University Hospital;   Institut NuMeCan, INRA 1341 Not yet recruiting
Source: ClinicalTrials.gov - Category: Research Source Type: clinical trials
ConclusionsPatients who endorsed higher levels of pre-surgical emotional eating and food addiction symptoms had poorer weight loss 1  year post-surgery. Providers should consider screening patients for these behaviors during the pre-surgical psychosocial evaluation which would allow opportunities for psychotherapy and potential improvement in weight loss outcomes. Future research should examine which interventions are successful at improving problematic eating behaviors.
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
Binge eating is often something we have done at one time or another. Perhaps at a celebration or a birthday, we have continued to eat just for the taste or because it feels good. Binge Eating Disorder is different. The signs of Binge Eating Disorder include: Feeling uncomfortably full while continuing to eat Eating a lot of food quickly despite lack of hunger Feeling out of control Shame surrounding food If you eat more than others during the same situation or meal time and have binged at least once a week for three months, you may have Binge Eating Disorder. Binge Eating Disorder is the most common eating disorder in th...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Addiction Binge Eating Eating Disorders Health-related Bingeing Food Addiction Obesity overeating Source Type: blogs
In this episode of the Psych Central Show, hosts Gabe Howard and Vincent M. Wales discuss Binge Eating Disorder. At his heaviest, Gabe weighed 550 pounds. He describes in detail how he went from a “normal-sized” guy to being morbidly obese, his return to being “normal-sized,” and addresses the question of whether he was, in fact, addicted to food. During the second half of the show, our hosts welcome Lisa, a woman who was with Gabe during this period of his life. She shares her experience of what it was like being with someone with binge eating disorder and how he finally confronted it. * Sho...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Binge Eating General The Psych Central Show Source Type: blogs
This study investigated psychological correlates and their influence on weight loss for patients who underwent RYGB or VSG.MethodsFour hundred twenty-two patients (RYGB  = 305; VSG = 117) completed screening questionnaires presurgery and underwent surgery between August 2012 and April 2015. Associations between demographics and questionnaires with percentage weight change were evaluated using multivariable linear regression models.ResultsMedian age was 48  years and median BMI 45.3 kg/m2 presurgery. Median percentage changes in weight from baseline to years 1 and 2 follow-up were −&thins...
Source: Obesity Surgery - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
When is the last time you were at an event that did not involve food? Perhaps it was a Monday morning committee meeting or church activity on Thursday night. Because food is such a prevalent part of our culture and it’s rare to have any kind of event where food is not served, it’s no surprise that this has become a problem – and even an addiction – for many people. And what makes it more of a challenge is that it’s an acceptable addiction. If someone has four pieces of pizza at lunch, it’s something people might laugh at or relate to but if somebody has four shots of alcohol during the d...
Source: Psych Central - Category: Psychiatry Authors: Tags: Addictions Binge Eating Book Reviews Diet & Nutrition Eating Disorders Psychology Weight Loss Body Image edward abramson healthy eating Obesity weight management Source Type: news
Weight gain is one of the main reasons that people diagnosed with depression and other mood disorders stop taking their medication. Some people gain as much as seven percent of their body weight — or more — from psychiatric meds. In a study funded by the National Institute of Mental Health that was published in July 2006 in the Archives of General Psychiatry, researchers reported that nearly one in four cases of obesity is associated with a mood or anxiety disorder. But following a strict treatment plan that involves meds doesn’t have to mean shopping for a larger pants ...
Source: World of Psychology - Category: Psychiatry & Psychology Authors: Tags: Addiction Antidepressant Antipsychotic Binge Eating Bipolar Depression Eating Disorders Exercise & Fitness Health-related Medications Research Bingeing Diet Food Addiction Junk Food Mindfulness Nutrition Obesity self-so Source Type: blogs
For decades, Monique Barry was tortured by incessant anxiety (her daughter’s rough day at school? proof the child’s life was ruined) and baseless guilt (choosing a bad restaurant? a hanging offense!). Then she learned that her garden-variety neuroses might be something else: the trauma of her ancestors, passed down through the generations.   Nobody likes me, said my daughter, Elyse, inhaling dry cereal as she bopped to Taylor Swift on the car radio. It was the end of her first week at a new school. “I’m sure that’s not true,” I said, gripping the steering wheel. My heart rattled. My...
Source: Healthy Living - The Huffington Post - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
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