Linking carrier morphology to the powder mechanics of adhesive mixtures for dry powder inhalers via a blend-state model

Publication date: Available online 28 February 2019Source: International Journal of PharmaceuticsAuthor(s): Jonas Rudén, Göran Frenning, Tobias Bramer, Kyrre Thalberg, Junxue An, Göran AlderbornAbstractThe aim of this study was to investigate how the carrier morphology affects the expression of blend states in adhesive mixtures as a function of surface coverage ratio (SCR) and to identify where transitions between the different states occur. Adhesive mixtures of five lactose carriers with varying contents of lactose fines, corresponding to blends with different SCR ranging from 0-6, were produced by low-shear mixing. The powder mechanics of the mixtures were characterized by bulk density, compressibility and permeability. The appearance of the carriers and blends was studied by scanning electron microscopy, light microscopy and atomic force microscopy. The size and morphology of the carriers had a crucial impact on the evolution of the blend state, and affected the powder mechanical properties of the mixtures. It was found that smaller carriers with little or no surface irregularities were more sensitive to additions of fines resulting in self-agglomeration of fines at relatively low SCR values. On the contrary, carriers with irregular surface structures and larger sizes were able to reach higher SCR values before self-agglomeration of fines occurred. This could be attributed to an increased deagglomeration efficiency of irregular and larger carriers and to f...
Source: International Journal of Pharmaceutics - Category: Drugs & Pharmacology Source Type: research

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Source: International Journal of Surgery Case Reports - Category: Surgery Source Type: research
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