Infectious Diseases A-Z: Measles outbreaks continue in the US

Ten states have reported pockets of measles outbreaks since January. The infectious and deadly disease was eradicated in the U.S. in 2000. However, it continues to be common in many parts of the world. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) says unvaccinated international travelers continue to bring the virus to the U.S., where [...]
Source: News from Mayo Clinic - Category: Databases & Libraries Source Type: news

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TTP, a technology company based in Melbourn, UK, is developing a handheld PCR (polymerase chain reaction) diagnostic device that can rapidly detect influenza viruses, and one day other viruses, in samples of nasal mucus. The company claims that the s...
Source: Medgadget - Category: Medical Devices Authors: Tags: Diagnostics Exclusive Public Health Source Type: blogs
In this report, we discuss our process in navigating these challenges, collaboration with the city’s health department, postexposure prophylaxis for individuals exposed in the hospital and the community, and prevention initiatives.
Source: Annals of Emergency Medicine - Category: Emergency Medicine Source Type: research
By Margarite Nathe, Principal Editor/Writer, IntraHealth International Midwives and nurses —like Sellyvine (left) at the women's hospital in Nakuru, Kenya —make up 50% of the health workforce worldwide. They're in the spotlight during 2020 and will play a crucial role in whether their countries can achieve their most ambitious health targets by 2030. Photo by Georgina Goodwin for IntraHealth International.February 14, 2020Every year, we look at the top global health issues coming our way in the next 12 months. But global health is a long game and it’s a brand-new decade, so this year, we’re look...
Source: IntraHealth International - Category: International Medicine & Public Health Authors: Tags: Family Planning & Reproductive Health HIV AIDS Infectious Diseases Maternal, Newborn, Child Health Mental Health Noncommunicable Diseases Digital Health Policy Advocacy Gender Equality Nursing Midwifery Youth Midwives N Source Type: news
[Addis Standard] A total of more than 12 thousand cases of measles were reported in 36 zones of 5 regions of Ethiopia in the past 13 months beginning January 2019, according to the UN. "Oromia region bore the brunt of the outbreaks, with 67 per cent of cases, followed by Somali with 21 per cent," the UN added.
Source: AllAfrica News: Health and Medicine - Category: African Health Source Type: news
This NIHR Signal pooled data from 56 studies and found that the vaccine is around 58% effective when administered before nine months compared with 83% after nine months.With measles on the rise in Europe and the UK, it is helpful to know that in the event of a measles outbreak, it could be used safely in younger infants as an additional measure.
Source: Current Awareness Service for Health (CASH) - Category: Consumer Health News Source Type: news
Conclusions: Our study revealed heterogeneity across HDs' mumps outbreak responses but also identified common challenges that will inform future Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidance. These results were considered in the October 2017 Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommendation for use of a third dose of MMR vaccine for persons at increased risk for mumps during an outbreak and in the development of Centers for Disease Control and Prevention guidance for HDs when applying the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices recommendation.
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Practice Full Report Source Type: research
Conclusion: This guidance provides a framework for public health authorities to use when considering a third dose of MMR in response to mumps outbreaks while maintaining flexibility to incorporate local factors related to individual outbreaks.
Source: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice - Category: Health Management Tags: Research Reports: Practice Full Report Source Type: research
Abstract Measles outbreaks occur periodically in remote and difficult to reach areas in countries such as the Democratic Republic of Congo. The possibility to keep measles vaccines at temperatures outside the cold chain for a limited period prior to administration would be an advantage for organizations such as Médecins Sans Frontières, which repeatedly respond to measles outbreaks in difficult contexts. Using stability data at 37 °C and 40 °C provided by Serum Institute of India Private Limited we applied the product release model for Extended Controlled Temperature Conditions (ECT...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
Measles is a life-threatening viral infection that may occur after allogeneic haematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT), and until now, there has been no active antiviral treatment [1, 2]. After the introduction of the measles vaccine in the early 1980s, a decreased vaccinal coverage of the population was observed in many countries, leading to measles re-emergence, an increased risk of outbreaks worldwide and of the life-threatening disease appearing in immunocompromised patients. The worldwide number of measles deaths remains around 100,000 yearly [3, 4].
Source: Biology of Blood and Marrow Transplantation - Category: Hematology Authors: Source Type: research
Emergent measles-containing vaccination recommendation for aged 6-11 months and detection of vaccine-associated measles during a large measles outbreak in Okinawa, Japan, in 2018. Vaccine. 2020 Feb 06;: Authors: Kuba Y, Kyan H, Iha Y, Kato T, Oyama M, Miyahira M, Kakita T, Takara T, Yamauchi M, Kamiya H, Sunagawa T, Kawakami Y, Nidaira M, Kudaka J, Yamakawa M, Itokazu T, Itokazu K Abstract Okinawa Prefecture, Japan, experienced a large measles outbreak from March to May 2018. During this outbreak, there were 99 laboratory-confirmed cases and 14 vaccine-associated measles cases. In addition to the...
Source: Vaccine - Category: Allergy & Immunology Authors: Tags: Vaccine Source Type: research
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