The emerging role of immunothrombosis in paediatric conditions.

The emerging role of immunothrombosis in paediatric conditions. Pediatr Res. 2019 Feb 26;: Authors: Franchi T, Eaton S, De Coppi P, Giuliani S Abstract Immunothrombosis is a physiological process based on the release of neutrophil extracellular traps (NETs) to immobilise, contain and kill bacteria. This is an innate immune response in which the local activation of blood coagulation exerts the critical protective function during microbial infection. In recent years, there has been much interest in the adult literature about the key role of immunothrombosis in pathologic states including thrombosis, cancer, sepsis and trauma. Currently, little research has been done into its role in paediatric conditions. We aim to summarise the most relevant evidences regarding an excessive production or defective removal of NETs in paediatric conditions. In particular, we have divided the role of immunothrombosis into acute (sepsis, necrotising enterocolitis, otitis media, neonatal arterial ischaemic stroke, haemolytic anaemic diseases) and chronic (systemic lupus erythematous, type 1 diabetes mellitus, respiratory diseases, graft-versus-host disease) conditions to find important similarities in their pathophysiology. We have presented multiple pathways of NET-induced disease together with possible areas of future research and treatments. PMID: 30808021 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Pediatric Research - Category: Pediatrics Authors: Tags: Pediatr Res Source Type: research

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Source: Artificial Intelligence in Medicine - Category: Bioinformatics Source Type: research
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Source: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Rev Cardiovasc Med Source Type: research
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Source: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Rev Cardiovasc Med Source Type: research
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Source: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Rev Cardiovasc Med Source Type: research
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Source: Reviews in Cardiovascular Medicine - Category: Cardiology Tags: Rev Cardiovasc Med Source Type: research
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