Different incubation patterns affect selective antimicrobial properties of the egg interior: experimental evidence from eggs of precocial and altricial birds RESEARCH ARTICLE

This study is the first to experimentally demonstrate that different incubation patterns may have selective antimicrobial potentials mediated by species-specific effects on antimicrobial components in the egg white.
Source: Journal of Experimental Biology - Category: Biology Authors: Tags: RESEARCH ARTICLE Source Type: research

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Armando Isibasi Constantino López-Macías The clinical effects and immunological response to the influenza vaccine in women who later become pregnant remain to be thoroughly studied. Here, we report the medical outcomes of 40 women volunteers who became pregnant after vaccination with an experimental virus-like particle (VLP) vaccine against pandemic influenza A(H1N1)2009 (influenza A(H1N1)pdm09) and their infants. When included in the VLP vaccine trial, none of the women were pregnant and were randomly assigned to one of the following groups: (1) placebo, (2) 15 μg dose of VLP vaccine, or (3) ...
Source: Viruses - Category: Virology Authors: Tags: Article Source Type: research
The objective of this study is to assess the impact of LPMs closure on reducing zoonotic transmission of avian influenza A (H7N9) virus and to make specific recommendations on the duration of closing the LPMs. Results show that the closure of LPMs can effectively control the spread of H7N9 avian influenza and reduce the incidence of human infection with H7N9. If cases of H7N9 avian influenza continue to occur, LPMs should close for at least 3 –4 weeks in susceptible areas to control the spread of infection.
Source: Journal of Public Health Policy - Category: Health Management Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 September 2019Source: Molecular Phylogenetics and EvolutionAuthor(s): Serafeim C. Chaintoutis, Anna Papa, Danai Pervanidou, Chrysostomos I. DovasAbstractWest Nile virus (WNV) is an arbovirus causing neuroinvasive disease to humans and equines. Since 2004, lineage 2 WNV strains have been identified in Europe and have been implicated in severe outbreaks, with that of 2018 exceeding the total number from the previous seven years. The aim of this study was to explore the evolutionary process that shapes the genetic diversity of lineage 2 WNV strains (belonging to the Central European/Hunga...
Source: Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution - Category: Molecular Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: Available online 12 September 2019Source: Journal de Mycologie MédicaleAuthor(s): Dhoha Ghorbel, Inès Hadrich, Sourour Neji, Houaida Trabelsi, Hatem Belaaj, Hayet Sellami, Fatma Cheikhrouhou, Fattouma Makni, Ali AyadiAbstractAspergillus flavus is the second leading cause of invasive and non-invasive aspergillosis. Secretion of hydrolytic enzymes is considered as a virulence factor in this species. Our work aimed to study in vitro production of some virulence factors, to evaluate the biofilm production against human and avian A. flavus isolates and to investigate the antifungal susceptibility...
Source: Journal of Medical Mycology - Category: Biology Source Type: research
Publication date: 2019Source: European Urology Supplements, Volume 18, Issue 4Author(s): L. Jarrosson, C. Faure-Conter, H. Sartelet, C. Costechareyre, F. Dijoud, C. Bergeron, C. Delloye-Bourgeois, V. Castellani
Source: European Urology Supplements - Category: Urology & Nephrology Source Type: research
This study compares static and centrifugal seeding of avian tendon scaffolds with NIH 3T3 fibroblasts. Incorporation of viable cells was achievable with both techniques, represented by DNA content. Proliferation rate and viability assay showed neither damage by centrifugal force nor superiority of the technique. Cell proliferation after 10 days of culture demonstrated that the scaffold did not hinder 3-D culturing. Confocal laser microscopy revealed structural details as formation of focal adhesions, to provide deeper insight into the process of cell attachment and growth in xenografts.
Source: Journal of Orthopaedics - Category: Orthopaedics Source Type: research
This study demonstrates that using platelet count to predict the fatality of H7N9 is significant, and lower platelet counts of H7N9 patients were associated with higher risk of mortality of H7N9 patients, which may need to be taken into consideration when planning clinical treatment. PMID: 31509040 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Source: Platelets - Category: Hematology Tags: Platelets Source Type: research
Abstract Campylobacter jejuni and C. coli are leading causes of human foodborne illness with poultry as a major vehicle. Turkeys are frequently colonized with Campylobacter but little is known about Campylobacter survival in turkey feces, even though fecal droppings are major vehicles for Campylobacter within-flock transmission as well as for environmental dissemination. Our objective was to examine survival of Campylobacter, including different strains, in freshly-excreted feces from naturally-colonized commercial turkey flocks and in suspensions of turkey feces in water from the turkey house. Fecal and water sus...
Source: Applied and Environmental Microbiology - Category: Microbiology Authors: Tags: Appl Environ Microbiol Source Type: research
AbstractCollision with wind turbines is a conservation concern for eagles with population abundance implications. The development of acoustic alerting technologies to deter eagles from entering hazardous air spaces is a potentially significant mitigation strategy to diminish associated morbidity and mortality risks. As a prelude to the engineering of deterrence technologies, auditory function was assessed in bald eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus), as well as in red-tailed hawks (Buteo jamaicensis). Auditory brainstem responses (ABRs) to a comprehensive battery of clicks and tone bursts varying in level and frequency were a...
Source: Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology - Category: Physiology Source Type: research
The objective of the present study was to find the effect of cumin seed oil (CSO,Cuminum cyminum L.) on the laying performance, ovarian follicular development and immune response in laying hens under high ambient temperature. A total of 162 Boven hens were randomly divided into three treatments and were fed, ad libitum, diets containing 0 (control), 250 or 500  g CSO per ton from 24 to 30 weeks of age. The experiment was done during summer season where the average temperate was 30 to 36°C. Feed intake and egg mass were recorded. Egg quality characteristics and egg‐yolk cholesterol content were evaluated. Ov...
Source: Journal of Animal Physiology and Animal Nutrition - Category: Zoology Authors: Tags: ORIGINAL ARTICLE Source Type: research
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