The incidence rate of diabetes mellitus (type II) and its related risk factors: A 10-year longitudinal study of Yazd Healthy Heart Cohort (YHHC), Iran

Publication date: March–April 2019Source: Diabetes &Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research &Reviews, Volume 13, Issue 2Author(s): Seyedeh Mahdieh Namayandeh, Ahmad Karimi, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Masoud Rahmanian, Seyed Mahmood Sadr Bafghi, Mohammadhosein Soltani, Leila HadianiAbstractBackground and objectivesDiabetes Mellitus (DM) is a metabolic disease characterized by chronic hyperglycemia, which occurs due to insufficient production of insulin by the pancreas or resistance to insulin produced by the body. The most dangerous and Long-term complications of diabetes include renal failure, heart failure, cardiovascular disease, stroke, diabetic foot ulcers, and diabetic neuropathy.Materials and methodsThis longitudinal cohort study was conducted on 1641 non-diabetic people of 2000 participants enrolled in phase I of Yazd Healthy Heart project (YHHP) aged 20-74 year-old resident of the city of Yazd. They were selected randomly through cluster sampling method and included in follow up a project for ten years (2004–2014). In order to analyze the data, Chi-Square, independent t-test and logistic regression statistical models were used through the SPSS Ver20.ResultsThe incidence rate of DM type II among the people aged 20–74 years in Yazd was 21.4 per 1000 of a population-year. Univariate analysis revealed that the relative risk of DM incidence increased by smoking, increasing BMI, abdominal obesity, hypertension, and increased cholesterol, triglyceride and u...
Source: Diabetes and Metabolic Syndrome: Clinical Research and Reviews - Category: Endocrinology Source Type: research

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Conclusions A more precise definition of contamination and infection has to be made in guidelines, which may lead the first group to be treated without extraction. Surgical method defined in this study can be used for the treatment of patients in contaminated CIED subgroup, conserving individuals from risks of device extraction.
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Reconstructive Surgery Source Type: research
Conclusions Supporting the mechanisms of NO bioavailability via exogenous application of iNOS and L-arginine significantly attenuated I/R-induced alterations in a skin flap rat model. This pharmacologic preconditioning could be an easy and effective interventional strategy to uphold conversation of L-arginine to NO even on ischemic and type 1 diabetic conditions.
Source: Annals of Plastic Surgery - Category: Cosmetic Surgery Tags: Research Source Type: research
ConclusionOur study suggests PRISM score performed as well as modified SHFM for one-year mortality prediction. Moreover, the addition of modified SHFM to PRISM score increases discriminatory ability in predicting 1-year mortality in heart failure patients compared to either of the two models alone. Together, when combined in a CART model, they can be used to identify the population subset with the highest mortality risk and hence guide goals of care discussion.
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
Publication date: February 2020Source: IJC Heart &Vasculature, Volume 26Author(s): Xizhen Xu, Dao Wen WangAbstractBeta blockers are a recommended therapy in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction(HFrEF). Beta blockers markedly and unequivocally reduce mortality in patients with heart failure with reduced ejection fraction. However, the beneficial effects of beta blockers in patients with heart failure with preserved ejection fraction(HFpEF) are not well established. In this review, we will assess the evidence basis of the recommendations for beta blockers and discuss emerging concerns about the use ...
Source: IJC Heart and Vasculature - Category: Cardiology Source Type: research
This study is to explore the prognostic significance of serum lipid profiles in patients with multiple myeloma (MM). The study retrospectively enrolled 307 MM patients in Zhongshan Hospital, Shanghai, China, from 2007 to 2016. We evaluated the prognostic significance of the pre-diagnostic serum lipid profile [cholesterol, triglyceride, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), high-density lipoprotein (HDL), Apolipoprotein A1 (Apo A1) and Apolipoprotein B (Apo B)]. Prognostic factors identified through univariate and multivariate analysis were used to construct a new model based on Lasso Cox regression. Results indicated that lipid l...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
This study aimed to investigate the mRNA expression of CD36 in anthropometric measures of adipose tissue and defining its value in predicting prognosis in ccRCC patients.Methods: Real-Time qPCR gene expression analysis was detected from 367 paired ccRCC and adjacent normal tissues. Distributions of categorical clinical-pathological data together with levels of CD36 expression were compared with χ2-test in a contingency table. Subcutaneous adipose tissue (SAT) and visceral adipose tissue (VAT) were measured by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and identified at the level of the umbilicus. Pearson's correlation coefficien...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) -induced epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) plays a key role in the metastasis and drug resistance of non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). Sphingosine kinase-1 (SphK1) is also involved in EMT of NSCLC. However, the interaction between SphK1 and IGF-1 in the EMT of NSCLC is largely unknown. To clarify this issue, we examined the involvement of SphK1 in IGF-1-induced EMT using human lung cancer cell line A549, and its paclitaxel-resistant subline. Cell viability was evaluated by cell counting kit-8 assay; Migratory ability was examined using scratch wound healing test; Protein express...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
Conclusion: Based on the sequential extraction procedure, our results reveal the inhibitory effect of water eluate fraction of the ethyl acetate extract from dark tea and its synergistic effect with p38 inhibition on the growth of pancreatic cancer cells, in which ID1 is identified as a downstream effector. This sheds insights into the physiological relevance of specific fraction of dark tea to tumorigenesis in pancreatic cancer.
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
This article reviews the current knowledge of uncommon causes of hypoglycemia, with a focus on neoplastic disease. However, these situations are rare. They commonly accompany severely ill patients and therefore a proper diagnosis is the basis for relevant treatment. Here we discuss the pathophysiological foundation of hypoglycemia - situations caused by increased insulin production or sensitivity - but we also focus on different cytokines which could cause hypoglycemia, especially IGF-II production in what are called nonislet cell tumors. From the clinical perspective we can divide the patients who are affected into "...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Review Source Type: research
Correlation of triglyceride (TG)-to-high density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) ratio (TG/HDL-C) and the survival of gastric cancer (GC) remain unclear. The purpose of this study was to explore the precise effect of preoperative TG/HDL-C on clinical outcomes in GC patients. Patients with GC were enrolled from 2006 to 2014. A total of 957 individuals from a single center were divided into prospective training and retrospective test cohorts. The optimal cutoff value of TG/HDL-C was determined using X-tile software to separate the training cohort into low and high survival groups according to TG/HDL-C levels. Survival analys...
Source: Journal of Cancer - Category: Cancer & Oncology Authors: Tags: Research Paper Source Type: research
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