Health advice and education given to overweight patients by primary care doctors and nurses: A scoping literature review.
Health advice and education given to overweight patients by primary care doctors and nurses: A scoping literature review. Prev Med Rep. 2019 Jun;14:100812 Authors: Walsh K, Grech C, Hill K Abstract Health advice for overweight patients in primary care has been a focus of obesity guidelines. Primary care doctors and nurses are well placed to provide evidence based preventive health advice. This literature review addressed two research questions: 'When do primary care doctors and nurses provide health advice for weight management?' and 'What health advice is provided to overweight patients in primary care settings?' The study was conducted in the first half of 2018 and followed Arksey and O'Malley (2005) five stage framework to conduct a comprehensive scoping review. The following databases were searched: Emcare, Ovid, Embase, The Cochrane library, Proquest family health, Health source (nursing academic), Joanna Briggs Institute EBP database, Medline, PubMed, Rural and remote, Proquest (nursing and allied health) and TRIP using search term parameters. Two hundred and forty-eight (248) articles were located and screened by two reviewers. Twenty-three research papers met the criteria and data were analysed using a content analysis method. The results show that primary care doctors and nurses are more likely to give advice as BMI increases and often miss opportunities to discuss weight with overweight patients. Body Mass Index (BMI) is often wrongly categoris...
This study was therefore aimed to assess the in vitro bioactivities associated with the LP EO. The EO was separated by hydrodistillation from the aerial parts of LP plants and analyzed for its antioxidant, antimicrobial, anticholinesterase, and antilipase activities. GC-MS was used for phytochemical analysis. The chemical analysis of the EO composition revealed 25 constituents, of which carvacrol (65.27%) was the most abundant. EO exhibited strong antioxidant (IC50 0.16-0.18 μL/mL), antiacetylcholinesterase (IC50 0.9 μL/mL), antibutyrylcholinesterase (IC50 6.82 μL/mL), and antilipase (IC50 1.0...
Publication date: Available online 25 February 2020Source: Annals of Medicine and SurgeryAuthor(s): Gabriella Garruti, Michele De Fazio, Palma Capuano, Gennaro Martinez, Maria T. Rotelli, Francesco Puglisi, Nicola Palasciano, Francesco Giorgino
(Anesth Analg. 2019;129(2):444–449)
(Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2019;59:387–393)
(Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2019;59:367–374)
Abstract There is epidemiological evidence that dietary intake of seaweeds is associated with a lower prevalence of chronic diseases. While seaweeds are of high nutritious value, due to their high content of fiber, polyunsaturated fatty acids and minerals, they also contain an abundance of bioactive compounds. There is a growing body of scientific data that these bioactive moieties exert effects that could correct the metabolic dysregulation that is present in obesity and Type 2 diabetes (T2D). In this review we describe how the molecular mechanisms, specific to different tissues, that underly obesity and T2D are ...
Publication date: August 2019Source: Biomedical and Environmental Sciences, Volume 32, Issue 8Author(s): Xiang XIAO, Juan BAI, Ming Song LI, Jia Yan ZHANG, Xin Juan SUN, Ying DONG