Molecular Imaging to Monitor Left Ventricular Remodeling in Heart Failure

AbstractPurpose of ReviewCardiovascular diseases are the leading cause of deaths worldwide. Many complex cellular and molecular pathways lead to myocardial remodeling after ischemic insults. Anatomy, function, and viability of the myocardium can be assessed by modern medical imaging techniques by both visualizing and quantifying damages. Novel imaging techniques aim for a precise and accurate visualization of the myocardium and for the detection of alternations at the molecular level.Recent FindingsMagnetic resonance imaging assesses anatomy, function, and tissue characterization of the myocardium non-invasively with high spatial resolution, sensitivity, and specificity. Using hyperpolarized magnetic resonance imaging, molecular and metabolic conditions can be assessed non-invasively. Single photon-emission tomography and positron-emission tomography are the most sensitive techniques to detect biological processes in the myocardium. Cardiac perfusion, metabolism, and viability are the most common clinical targets. In addition, molecular-targeted imaging of biological processes involved in heart failure, such as myocardial innervation, inflammation, and extracellular matrix remodeling, is feasible.SummaryNovel imaging techniques can provide a precise and accurate visualization of the myocardium and for the detection of alternations at molecular level.
Source: Current Cardiovascular Imaging Reports - Category: Radiology Source Type: research

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